Polyenoic fatty acid isomerase

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Polyenoic fatty acid isomerase
EC number
IntEnz IntEnz view
ExPASy NiceZyme view
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum

In enzymology, a polyenoic fatty acid isomerase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)-icosapentaenoate \rightleftharpoons (5Z,7E,9E,14Z,17Z)-icosapentaenoate

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)-icosapentaenoate, and one product, (5Z,7E,9E,14Z,17Z)-icosapentaenoate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of isomerases, specifically those intramolecular oxidoreductases transposing C=C bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)-icosapentaenoate Delta8,11-Delta7,9-isomerase (trans-double-bond-forming). Other names in common use include PFI, eicosapentaenoate cis-Delta5,8,11,14,17-eicosapentaenoate, cis-Delta5-trans-Delta7,9-cis-Delta14,17 isomerase, (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)-eicosapentaenoate Delta8,11-Delta7,8-isomerase, (incorrect), (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)-eicosapentaenoate Delta8,11-Delta7,9-isomerase, and (trans-double-bond-forming).


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  • Wise ML, Soderstrom K, Murray TF, Gerwick WH (1996). "Synthesis and cannabinoid receptor binding activity of conjugated triene anandamide, a novel eicosanoid". Experientia. 52 (1): 88–92. doi:10.1007/BF01922423. PMID 8575565. 
  • Wise ML, Rossi J, Gerwick WH (1997). "Characterization of the substrate binding site of polyenoic fatty acid isomerase, a novel enzyme from the marine alga Ptilota filicina". Biochemistry. 36 (10): 2985–92. doi:10.1021/bi962158v. PMID 9062129. 
  • Zheng W, Wise ML, Wyrick A, Metz JG, Yuan L, Gerwick WH (2002). "Polyenoic fatty acid isomerase from the marine alga Ptilota filicina: protein characterization and functional expression of the cloned cDNA". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 401 (1): 11–20. doi:10.1016/S0003-9861(02)00002-4. PMID 12054482.