Polygonal masonry

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Polygonal masonry is a technique of stone construction. True polygonal masonry is a technique wherein the visible surfaces of the stones are dressed with straight sides or joints, giving the block the appearance of a polygon.[1]

This technique is found throughout the world and sometimes corresponds to the less technical category of Cyclopean masonry.[2]


Armenia[edit]

Saint Hripsime Church, 618, with later alterations

Bolivia[edit]

Bosnia[edit]

The remains of the outer walls of Daorson, as seen in 2013

Brazil[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Canada[edit]

Hatley Castle, garden side

China[edit]

Chile[edit]

Ahu Vinapú

Crimea[edit]

Easter Island[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Finland[edit]

A part of the wall of the Bomarsund Fortress

Germany[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Greece[edit]

Section of polygonal wall at Delphi

Hungary[edit]

India[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Italy[edit]

Velia, Porta Rosa

In Italy, polygonal masonry is particularly indicative of the region of Latium, but it occurs also in Etruria, Lucania, Samnium, and Umbria; scholars including Giuseppe Lugli have carried out studies of the technique.[3][4] Some notable sites that have fortification walls built in this technique include Norba, Signia, Alatri, Boiano, Circeo, Cosa, Alba Fucens, Palestrina, and Terracina.[5] The Porta Rosa of the ancient city of Velia employs a variant of the technique known as Lesbian masonry.[1]

Japan[edit]

Naha Shuri Castle

Latvia[edit]

Daugavpils Fortress

Malta[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Montenegro[edit]

Entrance to Stützpunkt Grabovac at the fort's rear

Morocco[edit]

Peru[edit]

Sacsayhuamán, Cusco, Perú, 2015-07-31, DD 27.JPG
Sacsayhuamán, Cusco, Perú
Pumacocha Archaeological site - wall.jpg
Pumacocha Archaeological site - wall

Philippines[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Romania[edit]

Iulia Hasdeu Castle

Russia[edit]

Fort Alexander I

Spain[edit]

Sudan[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Syria[edit]

Hosn Suleiman temple

Bauda

The press-house
BaudaS,pyramidtomb.jpg
BaudaS,pyramidtomb

Thailand[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Selimiye Kışlası

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

Memorial Quadrangle Gate at Yale

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b G.R.H. Wright (23 November 2009). Ancient Building Technology, Volume 3: Construction (2 Vols). BRILL. pp. 154–. ISBN 90-04-17745-0.
  2. ^ Carmelo G. Malacrino (2010). Constructing the Ancient World: Architectural Techniques of the Greeks and Romans. Getty Publications. pp. 97–. ISBN 978-1-60606-016-2.
  3. ^ Frank, T. 1924. "Roman buildings of the Republic: an attempt to date them from their materials." MAAR 3.
  4. ^ Giuseppe Lugli (1957). La Tecnica Edilizia Romana Con Particolare Riguardo a Roma E Lazio: Testo. 1. Johnson Reprint.
  5. ^ Jeffrey Alan Becker (2007). The Building Blocks of Empire: Civic Architecture, Central Italy, and the Roman Middle Republic. ProQuest. pp. 109–. ISBN 978-0-549-55847-7.
  • P. Gros. 1996. L'architecture romaine: du début du IIIe siècle av. J.-C. à la fin du Haut-Empire. 2 v. Paris: Picard.