Polygonum oxyspermum

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Polygonum oxyspermum
Polygonum oxyspermum cayeux-sur-mer 80 17092006 1.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Polygonum
P. oxyspermum
Binomial name
Polygonum oxyspermum
  • Polygonum acadiense Fernald
  • Herniaria lenticulata Huds., syn of subsp. raii
  • Polygonum mesembricum Chrtek, syn of subsp. raii
  • Polygonum raii Bab., syn of subsp. raii
  • Polygonum robertii Loisel., syn of subsp. robertii

Polygonum oxyspermum is a coastal species of flowering plant in the buckwheat family. It is native to Europe, primarily along the shores of the Atlantic, the North Sea, and the Baltic Sea, from France and Ireland to Finland and Russia.[2] It is also naturalized in eastern Canada and in the US State of Maine.[3][4]


Polygonum oxyspermum is green or blue-green. Annual, stems prostrate, generally run along the surface of the ground but sometimes do rise above ground level. They can be as much as 100 cm (39 in) long. Leaves are up to 35 mm (1.4 in) long. Flowers are green, white or pink,[5] in axillary clusters.[6]


Three subspecies are widely recognized, although some authors prefer to regard them as distinct species.[1]


  1. ^ a b "Polygonum oxyspermum". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew – via The Plant List.
  2. ^ Online Atlas of the British and Irish flora, Polygonum oxyspermum (Ray`s Knotgrass)
  3. ^ "Polygonum oxyspermum (Ray's knotweed)". Go Botany. New England Wildflower Society.
  4. ^ Wilde Planten in Nederland en België, Zandvarkensgras in Dutch with photos and global distribution map
  5. ^ Costea, Mihai; Tardif, François J.; Hinds, Harold R. (2005). "Polygonum oxyspermum". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 5. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  6. ^ Parnell, J. and Curtis, T. 2012. Webb's An Irish Flora. Cork University Press. ISBN 978-185918-4783
  7. ^ "Polygonum oxyspermum". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  8. ^ "Polygonum raii". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  9. ^ Acta Plantarum, Polygonum robertii Loisel. – Poligono di Robert

External links[edit]