Methyl hydrogen siloxane; Poly(methyl siloxane); Poly(methylhydrosiloxane); Polysilicone 4
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Polymethylhydrosiloxane (PMHS) is a polymer with the general structure -(CH3(H)Si-O)-. It is used in organic chemistry as a mild and stable reducing agent easily transferring hydrides to metal centers. A variety of related materials are available under the following CAS registry numbers 9004-73-3, 16066-09-4, 63148-57-2, 178873-19-3. These include the tetramer ((MeSiHO)4), copolymers of dimethysiloxane and methylhydrosiloxane, and trimethylsilyl terminated materials.
This material is prepared by the hydrolysis of methyldichlorosilane:
- n MeSiHCl2 + n H2O → (MeSiHO)n + 2n HCl
The related polymer polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is made similarly, but lacking Si-H bonds, it exhibits no reducing properties.
- 2"(MeSiH)" + (Bu3Sn)2O → "(Me2Si2O" + 2 Bu3SnH
- J. M. Lavis, R. E. Maleczka, Jr. "Polymethylhydrosiloxane" Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis 2003, John Wiley & Sons. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rn00062
- Jordi Tormo and Gregory C. Fu (2002). "Tributylstannane (Bu3SnH)-Catalyzed Barton-McCombie deoxygenation of Alcohols: 3-Deoxy-1,2:5,6-bis-O-(1-methylethyilidine)-α-D-ribo-hexafuranose". Org. Synth. 78: 239.
- Larson, G. L.; Fry, J. L., "Ionic and organometallic-catalyzed organosilane reductions", Organic Reactions 2008, 71, 1-737. doi:10.1002/0471264180.or071.01
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