Polyporus

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Polyporus
2009-05-12 Polyporus tuberaster (Jacq.) Fr 43277.jpg
Polyporus tuberaster
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Polyporales
Family: Polyporaceae
Genus: Polyporus
P.Micheli ex Adans. (1763)
Type species
Polyporus tuberaster
(Jacq. ex Pers.) Fr. (1815)

Polyporus is a genus of poroid fungi in the family Polyporaceae.

Taxonomy[edit]

Italian botanist Pier Antonio Micheli introduced the genus in 1729 to include 14 species featuring fruit bodies with centrally-placed stipes, and pores on the underside of the cap.[1] The generic name combines the Ancient Greek words πολύς ("many") and πόρος ("pore").[2]

Elias Fries divided Polyporus into three subgenera in his 1855 work Novae Symbol Mycologici: Eupolyporus, Fomes, and Poria.[3]

The identity of the type species of Polyporus has long been a matter of contention among mycologists. Some have preferred P. brumalis,[4][5] some P. squamosus,[6] while others have preferred P. tuberaster.[7][8][9]

Several molecular phylogenetics studies have shown that Polyporus, as currently circumscribed, is polyphyletic and will need to have its generic limits revised.[10][11][9]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Micheli, P.A. (1729). Nova Plantarum Genera. Florentia: Typis Bernardi Paperinii. p. 129, t. 70–71. 
  2. ^ Donk, M.A. (1960). "The generic names proposed for Polyporaceae". Persoonia. 1 (2): 173–302. 
  3. ^ Fries E.M. (1855). Novae Symbolae Mycologicae (in Latin). Uppsala: Excudit C.A. Leffler Reg. Acad. Typographus. pp. 17–136. 
  4. ^ Clements, Frederic E.; Shear, Cornelius L. (1931). The Genera of Fungi. New York: Hafner Publishing. p. 347. 
  5. ^ Krüger, D.; Gargas A. (2004). "The basidiomycete genus Polyporus—an emendation based on phylogeny and putative secondary structure of ribosomal RNA molecules". Feddes Repertorium. 115 (7–8): 530–546. doi:10.1002/fedr.200311052. 
  6. ^ Ryvarden, L.; Melo, I. (2014). Poroid Fungi of Europe. Synopsis Fungorum. 31. Oslo, Norway: Fungiflora. p. 350. ISBN 978-8290724462. 
  7. ^ Overholts, Lee Oras (1953). The Polyporaceae of the United States, Alaska and Canada. University of Michigan Studies. 19. 
  8. ^ da Silveira, Rosa Mara Borges; Wright, Jorge Eduardo (2005). "The taxonomy of Echinochaete and Polyporus s. str. in South America". Mycotaxon. 93: 1–59. 
  9. ^ a b Sotome, Kozue; Hattori, Tsutomu; Ota, Yuko; To-Anun, Chaiwat; Salleh, Baharuddin; Kakishima, Makoto (2008). "Phylogenetic relationships of Polyporus and morphologically allied genera". Mycologia. 100 (4): 603–615. doi:10.3852/07-191R. JSTOR 20444985. PMID 18833753. 
  10. ^ Ko, Kwan Son; Jung, Hack Sung (2002). "Phylogenetic evaluation of Polyporus s. str. based on molecular sequences". Mycotaxon. 82: 315–322. 
  11. ^ Krüger, D.; Petersen, R.H.; Hughes, K.W. (2006). "Molecular phylogenies and mating study data in Polyporus with special emphasis on group "Melanopus" (Basidiomycota)". Mycological Progress. 5: 185–206. doi:10.1007/s11557-006-0512-y. 
  12. ^ Xue, Hui-Jun; Zhou, Li-Wei (2014). "Polyporus hapalopus sp. nov. (Polyporales, Basidiomycota) from China based on morphological and molecular data" (PDF). Mycological Progress. 13 (3): 811–817. doi:10.1007/s11557-014-0964-4. 
  13. ^ Runnel, Kadri; Ryvarden, Leif (2016). "Polyporus minutosquamosus sp. nov. from tropical rainforests in French Guiana with a key to neotropical species of Polyporus (Polyporaceae, Basidiomycota)". Nova Hedwigia. 103 (3–4): 339–347. doi:10.1127/nova_hedwigia/2016/0354. 
  14. ^ Sotome, Kozue; Matozaki, Toshinori; Aimi, Tadamori; Boonlue, Sophon (2016). "Polyporus thailandensis, a new species of group Polyporellus in Polyporus (Polyporales, Agaricomycota) from Northeastern Thailand". Mycoscience. 57 (2): 85–89. doi:10.1016/j.myc.2015.07.006. 

External links[edit]

  • [1] at Molecular Phylogeny