Polyporus umbellatus

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Polyporus umbellatus
Polyporus umbellatus.jpg
Polyporus umbellatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Polyporales
Family: Polyporaceae
Genus: Polyporus
Species: P. umbellatus
Binomial name
Polyporus umbellatus
(Pers.) Fr. 1821

Polyporus umbellatus is a rare, edible species of mushroom, found growing on roots of old beeches or oak (e.g.[1]). It is also called Lumpy Bracket and Umbrella Polypore.

Description[edit]

The fruiting body is composed of numerous (sometimes several hundred) caps. They are 1–4 cm in diameter, deeply umbilicate, light brown, and form the extremities of a strong, many branched stalk. The compound fungus can be up to 40 cm in diameter. The pores are narrow and white. The stalk is whitish grey, and originates from a strong, tuber like nodule that is underground. The flesh is white, rather soft when young, although hardens with age.

This fungus has many branched stalks

Edibility and cooking[edit]

Choice edible. Fantastic[citation needed] fried in butter or olive oil on medium heat. Very savory. Great[citation needed] with meats and starches.

Bioactive compounds[edit]

Polyporus umbellatus may contain bioactive compounds with immunostimulating, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and hepatoprotective properties.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

Umbrella Polypore
Umbrella Polypore Caps & Pores

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kunca V., 2011: Ecology and incidence of Polyporus umbellatus in Slovakia. Czech Mycology 63(1): 39-53. [1]
  2. ^ Li X, Xu W, Chen J (2010). "Polysaccharide purified from Polyporus umbellatus (Per) Fr induces the activation and maturation of murine bone-derived dendritic cells via toll-like receptor 4.". Cell Immunol. 265 (1): 50–6. doi:10.1016/j.cellimm.2010.07.002. PMID 20673883. 
  3. ^ Zhao YY, Chao X, Zhang Y, Lin RC, Sun WJ (2010). "Cytotoxic Steroids from Polyporus umbellatus.". Planta Med. 76 (15): 1755–8. doi:10.1055/s-0030-1249926. PMID 20458671. 
  4. ^ Sun Y, Yasukawa K (2008). "New anti-inflammatory ergostane-type ecdysteroids from the sclerotium of Polyporus umbellatus.". Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 18 (11): 3417–20. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.04.008. PMID 18439824. 
  5. ^ Zhou WW, Lin WH, Guo SX (2007). "Two new polyporusterones isolated from the sclerotia of Polyporus umbellatus.". Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 55 (8): 1148–50. doi:10.1248/cpb.55.1148. PMID 17666835. 
  6. ^ You JS, Hau DM, Chen KT, Huang HF (1994). "Combined effects of chuling (Polyporus umbellatus) extract and mitomycin C on experimental liver cancer.". Am J Chin Med. 22 (1): 19–28. doi:10.1142/S0192415X94000048. PMID 8030616. 
  7. ^ Ohsawa T, Yukawa M, Takao C, Murayama M, Bando H (1992). "Studies on constituents of fruit body of Polyporus umbellatus and their cytotoxic activity.". Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 40 (1): 143–7. doi:10.1248/cpb.40.143. PMID 1576664. 
  8. ^ Zhang YH, Liu YL, Yan SC (1991). "[Effect of Polyporus umbellatus polysaccharide on function of macrophages in the peritoneal cavities of mice with liver lesions]". Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 11 (4): 225–6, 198. PMID 1773459. 
  9. ^ Lin YF, Wu GL (1988). "[Protective effect of Polyporus umbellatus polysaccharide on toxic hepatitis in mice]". Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao. 9 (4): 345–8. PMID 3195347. 

External links[edit]