Cover of the song's sheet music
|Song by the Beatles|
|from the album Abbey Road|
|Released||26 September 1969|
|Recorded||25–30 July 1969|
|Studio||EMI Studios, London|
"Polythene Pam" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles from their 1969 album Abbey Road. Written by John Lennon and credited to Lennon–McCartney, it is the fourth song of the album's climactic side-two medley. The Beatles recorded the track in July 1969 as a continuous piece with "She Came In Through the Bathroom Window", which follows it in the medley.
Background and composition
Lennon wrote "Polythene Pam" during the Beatles' 1968 stay in India. While not formally recorded during the sessions for The Beatles (also known as "the White Album"), the song was recorded as a demo at George Harrison's Kinfauns home before the sessions. The demo was later released on Anthology 3 and the 2018 super-deluxe edition of The Beatles. Lennon dismissed the song, along with "Mean Mr. Mustard", in The Beatles Anthology as "a bit of crap I wrote in India".
In 1980, Lennon said about "Polythene Pam": "That was me, remembering a little event with a woman in Jersey, and a man who was England's answer to Allen Ginsberg ... I met him when we were on tour and he took me back to his apartment and I had a girl and he had one he wanted me to meet. He said she dressed up in polythene, which she did. She didn't wear jack boots and kilts, I just sort of elaborated. Perverted sex in a polythene bag. Just looking for something to write about." The song is sung in a very strong Liverpudlian "Scouse" accent. He also described the inspiration for the song as a "mythical Liverpool scrubber dressed in her jackboots and kilt".
Polythene is the British variant of the word polyethylene, a plastic material. The name 'Polythene Pam' came from the nickname of an early Beatles fan from the Cavern Club days, named Pat Hodgett (now Dawson), who would often eat polythene. She became known as "Polythene Pat". She said in an interview, "I used to eat polythene all the time. I'd tie it in knots and then eat it. Sometimes I even used to burn it and then eat it when it got cold."
Placement on Abbey Road
On the album Abbey Road, the song is linked with the previous song "Mean Mr. Mustard" musically, as the two run together without pause. The two songs are also linked narratively, since "Mean Mr. Mustard" mentions that the title character Mustard has a sister named Pam. Originally, the line "his sister Pam ..." in the song was "his sister Shirley ...", but Lennon would change the line to contribute to the continuity of the Abbey Road side two medley. The song "Her Majesty" was originally set between "Mean Mr. Mustard" and "Polythene Pam". "Polythene Pam" then segues into the following song, "She Came In Through the Bathroom Window".
The basic track for "Polythene Pam" and "She Came in Through the Bathroom Window" was recorded at EMI Studios in London on 25 July. The line-up was Lennon on acoustic 12-string guitar, Harrison on lead guitar, Paul McCartney on bass, and Ringo Starr on drums. Lennon sang an off-mike guide vocal on his song, while McCartney did the same on "She Came in Through the Bathroom Window". During the guitar solo on "Polythene Pam", Lennon shouted out words of encouragement ("Fab! That's great! Real good, that. Real good ..."), some of which appears on the finished recording. In his description of the song, author Ian MacDonald likens Lennon's "massive" opening acoustic guitar chords to the Who's "Pinball Wizard", which was a single at the time.
The Beatles carried out overdubs on the track on 28 July, although many of these contributions, such as piano and electric piano, were subsequently cut. Recording was completed on 30 July, when the final vocal, guitar and percussion overdubs were taped. These included a second lead guitar part by Harrison, playing the descending notes (accompanying Lennon's spoken "Oh, look out!") into the start of "She Came in Through the Bathroom Window".
- John Lennon – lead vocal, twelve-string acoustic guitar
- Paul McCartney – backing vocal, bass guitar
- George Harrison – backing vocal, lead guitars
- Ringo Starr – drums
- uncredited – tambourine, maracas, cowbell, "whipcrack" percussion
- Booker T. & the MGs covered the track on their 1970 album McLemore Avenue.
- In 1976, Roy Wood of Electric Light Orchestra recorded the song for the musical documentary All This and World War II.
- In 1999, Atom and His Package covered the song on the album Making Love (with altered lyrics) as "P.P. (Doo-Doo)".
- The Punkles released this song as well as the whole Abbey Road medley on their 2006 album For Sale!
- When Mojo released Abbey Road Now! in 2009, as part of the magazine's series of CDs of Beatles albums covered track-by-track by modern artists, "Polythene Pam" was covered by Cornershop alongside "Mean Mr. Mustard".
- Sheff, David (2000). All We Are Saying. St. Martin's Griffin, ISBN 0-312-25464-4, p. 203
- Miles, Barry (2001). The Beatles diary. Volume 1: The Beatles years. Omnibus press London.ISBN 0-7119-8308-9 p. 356
- The Illustrated Beatles Lyrics ISBN 978-0-316-64131-9 p. 197
- Turner, Steve (2003). "Abbey Road". A Hard Day's Write (9 ed.). HarperResource. p. 196. ISBN 0-06-273698-1.
- The Complete Beatles Chronicle ISBN 978-1-851-52975-9 p. 327
- Lewisohn, Mark (2005) . The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions: The Official Story of the Abbey Road Years 1962–1970. London: Bounty Books. p. 182. ISBN 978-0-7537-2545-0.
- Lewisohn 2005, p. 182.
- Winn 2009, pp. 310–11.
- MacDonald, Ian (2005). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties (Second Revised ed.). London: Pimlico (Rand). ISBN 1-84413-828-3. 1997, p. 319.
- Winn 2009, p. 310.
- Lewisohn 2005, p. 183.
- Everett 1999, p. 267.
- Everett, Walter (1999). The Beatles as Musicians: Revolver Through the Anthology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pp. 266–67. ISBN 0-19-512941-5.
- Winn, John C. (2009). That Magic Feeling: The Beatles' Recorded Legacy, Volume Two, 1966–1970. New York, NY: Three Rivers Press. p. 310. ISBN 978-0-307-45239-9.
- "Abbey Road Now - Track Listing - Mojo Cover CDs - The Definitive List". Archived from the original on 23 August 2014.