Polzeath

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Polzeath
Polzeathbayjuly2006.jpg
The Beach at Polzeath
Polzeath is located in Cornwall
Polzeath
Polzeath
Location within Cornwall
Population1,449 (2001 Census, includes Trebetherick)
OS grid referenceSW937788
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPOLZEATH
Postcode districtPL27
Dialling code01208
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireCornwall
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
50°34′25″N 4°54′55″W / 50.57356°N 4.91514°W / 50.57356; -4.91514Coordinates: 50°34′25″N 4°54′55″W / 50.57356°N 4.91514°W / 50.57356; -4.91514
Sketch map showing Polzeath and the surrounding area

Polzeath (/pəlˈzɛθ/;Cornish: Polsegh, meaning dry creek) is a small seaside resort village in the civil parish of St Minver[1] in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) north west of Wadebridge on the Atlantic coast.[2]

Polzeath has a sandy beach and is popular with holiday-makers and surfers. The beach is 1,500 feet (460 m) wide and extends 1,200 feet (370 m) from the seafront at low water; however, most of the sand is submerged at high water.[2] At exceptionally high spring tides the sea floods the car park at the top of the beach.

Polzeath beach is patrolled by lifeguards during the summer and is described on the RNLI website as : ... a wide, flat beach with some shelter from winds, it sees good quality surf and is quite often extremely crowded.[3]

Dolphins may sometimes be spotted in the bay and the coastline north of Polzeath is a good area for seeing many types of birds including corn buntings and puffins.[4]

The main street runs along the seafront and has a parade of shops catering for holidaymakers and residents. There are pubs, cafés, restaurants, a caravan site and several camping sites in the immediate area. The road rises up steep hills at both ends of the seafront; towards the village of Trebetherick to the southwest and New Polzeath to the northeast.[2]

Looking back towards Polzeath from the South West Coast Path near Pentire Head.

The South West Coast Path runs from Daymer Bay in the South through Polzeath and up to Pentire Head in the North.[5]

Geography[edit]

The catchment surrounding Polzeath is approximately 40,900 hectares [6] and is drained by several streams. The Polzeath Brook stream rises near St Minver 2 miles (3.2 km) to the east, and with several tributaries[7] drains farmland before flowing through the middle of the Valley Caravan Park campsite and into the sea across Polzeath beach. The Trenant Stream is 900m long[6] and also crosses the beach, this time entering from the north east corner. There is also a small stream one and a half kilometres long[6], which flows onto Pentireglaze beach (also known as Baby Bay) which is at the northern end of Polzeath beach but is separated from it at high tide by Slipper Point.

Shilla Mill at the edge of Polzeath, stands at the confluence of the streams.[2] Built around 1590 it ceased working as a mill in 1885 and was converted into a house.

History[edit]

In 1911 a Methodist chapel was built on the road towards Trebetherick at Chapel Corner. The original building was demolished in 1932 when the village street was widened and a new chapel was opened on 15 April 1933. Since 2006 the chapel has been called the Tubestation and is an active church with services every Sunday. The rest of the week it is a surfers cafe. [8] [9]

Until 1934 the main street through the village crossed the stream by means of a ford and a footbridge was provided for pedestrians although this was sometimes washed away by winter storms. For vehicles the road surface stopped short of the ford and cars splashed through the water on a sandy area occasionally causing vehicles to become stuck in the sand. In 1934 the current road bridge was built with a low wall separating the road from the sandy beach[9].

The winter storms of 2014 changed the topography of the beach creating a sand bar up to 1m high located at approximately the high tide mark, a feature that was not previously recorded.[10][11] This was gradually washed away so that by 2019 the beach had returned to the even slope visible in pictures up to 2014.

Economy[edit]

Tourism developed in the 19th and 20th centuries to be the most significant part of the local economy.[12] UK Prime minister David Cameron and his wife holidayed there from 2010 to 2015.[13]

Bathing water quality is measured at Polzeath by the Environment Agency with measurements being taken between May and September each year. The quality is rated as Excellent in 2020 based on measurement taken between 2016 and 2019.[6].

Literary associations[edit]

For The Fallen plaque at Rumps Point

Polzeath was a favourite haunt of the poet laureate, Sir John Betjeman, and is celebrated in some of his verse.[14] Another poet, Laurence Binyon, wrote the Remembrance Day ode For the Fallen in 1914 while sitting on The Rumps, Polzeath or "Polseath" as it was called, during World War I.

In the first of Enid Blyton's Famous Five novels, the eponymous children express disappointment that their holiday will not, as usual, be spent at Polzeath.[15]

The cartoonist Posy Simmonds created a fictitious place in Cornwall called "Tresoddit". When the BBC made the short film Tresoddit for Easter in 1991, it was filmed in and around Polzeath.

The BBC adaptation of Winston Grahams's Poldark series of books filmed some scenes at Pentireglaze. In his book Poldark's Cornwall Graham described this as "an area which could hardly have changed in a century".[16]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Cornwall Council online mapping. Retrieved June 2010
  2. ^ a b c d Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay & Bodmin ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5
  3. ^ "RNLI - Royal National Lifeboat Institution - Saving Lives at Sea". Archived from the original on 28 November 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2010. RNLI Lifeguards, Polzeath. Retrieved June 2010
  4. ^ [1] RSPB website; Pentire and Rumps Point. Retrieved June 2010
  5. ^ "Pentirely Superb - Print walk - South West Coast Path". www.southwestcoastpath.org.uk. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d "2020 Bathing Water Profile for Polzeath". Environment Agency. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Search Data". National River Flow Archive. UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  8. ^ https://tubestation.org/
  9. ^ a b Drew, Alan (1993). The Charm of North Cornwall. Ticehurst: Triskele Publications. pp. 36–37. ISBN 978-0-9520627-0-7.
  10. ^ "RNLI lifeguards at Polzeath beach rescue 32 in one hour – BBC News". bbc.co.uk. 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  11. ^ "Lifeguards rescue 32 people from rip current at Cornwall beach | UK news | The Guardian". theguardian.com. 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  12. ^ Bennett, W. J. (1 January 1952). "A CENTURY OF CHANGE ON THE COAST OF CORNWALL: Seaborne Trade, Fishing and the Tourist Industry in the Mid-19th and 20th Centuries". Geography. 37 (4): 214–224. JSTOR 40564889.
  13. ^ Elgot, Jessica (2015). "Without a paddle: Camerons go surfing in water polluted with diluted sewage | Politics | The Guardian". theguardian.com. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  14. ^ "Polzeath Cornwall". ourcornwall.co.uk. 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  15. ^ Blyton, Enid (1942). Five on a Treasure Island. ISBN 9781844569595.
  16. ^ Graham, Winston (1983). Poldark's Cornwall. London: The Bodley Head Limited. p. 95. ISBN 0 370 30678 3.

External links[edit]