Pomeroy and Newark Railroad

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The Pomeroy and Newark Railroad was a predecessor of the Pennsylvania Railroad in the U.S. states of Delaware and Pennsylvania. It connected Pomeroy, Pennsylvania to Newark, Delaware, and has mostly been abandoned.

History[edit]

The Pomeroy and Newark Railroad was the final step in a series of consolidations and a foreclosure. The earliest predecessors were the Delaware and Pennsylvania Railroad, incorporated February 1857 in Delaware, and the Pennsylvania and Delaware Railroad, incorporated August 1868 in Pennsylvania as the Doe Run and White Clay Creek Railroad, and renamed August 1870. The two companies completed a line from Pomeroy, on the Pennsylvania Railroad's Main Line, south to Newark and southeast to Delaware City on the Delaware Bay, in about 1873, and merged in May of that year to form the Pennsylvania and Delaware Railway. This company's property was sold at foreclosure in August 1879 to two new companies, the Pomeroy and State Line Railroad (incorporated February 1880 in Pennsylvania) and the Newark and Delaware City Railroad (incorporated April 1880 in Delaware). After the former sold the line southeast of Newark to the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad (PW&B), which it crossed at Newark, in 1881, those two companies merged in December as the Pomeroy and Newark Railroad. It became part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system, and in December 1917 the line was sold to the Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington Railroad, Pennsylvania subsidiary and successor to the PW&B.[1]

The last passenger trains ran over the line in September 1928, and abandonment for freight began in 1936. By the mid-1940s, it existed only at Newark and north of Chatham.[2] These segments would remain to the end of Penn Central Transportation in 1976, except for a 1960s truncation from Chatham to Doe Run,[citation needed] but Conrail only acquired the short stub at Newark. It did operate subsidized contract service on 3.7 miles (6.0 km) between Pomeroy and Buck Run,[3][4] but this was discontinued in about 1980.[citation needed] Operation of the short piece at Newark, by then owned by Amtrak, went to the Norfolk Southern Railway in the 1999 breakup of Conrail, as did ownership of the line between Newark and Delaware City, sold in 1881.[5] The former has been abandoned and is now a rail trail.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Interstate Commerce Commission, 22 Val. Rep. 1: Valuation Docket No. 928, The Pennsylvania Railroad Company et al. (1929)
  2. ^ Christopher T. Baer, PRR Chronology (Pennsylvania Railroad Technical and Historical Society), accessed December 2008
  3. ^ Conrail, System Map, as of August 31, 1978
  4. ^ William Richard Black, Railroads for Rent: The Local Rail Service Assistance Program, Indiana University Press, 1986, p. 224
  5. ^ Consolidated Rail Corporation, System Map Showing the Proposed Acquisition of Conrail Lines & Rights (reformatted by Norfolk Southern Engineering Systems), July 9, 1997