|City of Pomona|
The Los Angeles County Fair at Pomona in September 2008.
|Nickname(s): P-Town|
|Motto: "Vibrant - Safe - Beautiful"|
Location in Los Angeles County and the U.S. state of California
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||January 6, 1888|
|• Total||22.964 sq mi (59.474 km2)|
|• Land||22.952 sq mi (59.444 km2)|
|• Water||0.012 sq mi (0.030 km2) 0.05%|
|Elevation||850 ft (259 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2013)||151,348|
|• Rank||7th in Los Angeles County
35th in California
162nd in the United States
|• Density||6,500/sq mi (2,500/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1661247, 2411454|
Pomona is the fifth largest city in Los Angeles County, California. Pomona is located in the Pomona Valley, between the Inland Empire and the San Gabriel Valley. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 149,058.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Arts and culture
- 6 Government
- 7 Education
- 8 Media
- 9 Infrastructure
- 10 Notable people
- 11 In popular culture
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The city is named for Pomona, the ancient Roman goddess of fruit. For Horticulturist Solomon Gates, "Pomona" was the winning entry in a contest to name the city in 1875, before anyone had ever planted a fruit tree The city was first settled by Ricardo Vejar and Ygnacio Palomares in the 1830s, when California and much of the now-American Southwest were part of Mexico. The first Anglo-Americans arrived in prior to 1848 when the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo resulted in California becoming part of the United States. By the 1880s, the arrival of railroads and Coachella Valley water had made it the western anchor of the citrus-growing region. Pomona was officially incorporated on January 6, 1888.
In the 1920s Pomona was know as the "Queen of the Citrus Belt", with one of the highest per-capita levels of income in the United States. In the 1940s it was used as a movie-previewing location for major motion picture studios to see how their films would play to modally middle class audiences around the country (for which Pomona was at that time viewed as an idealized example). As of 2014, its downtown is characterized by derelict buildings and vacant residential lots. Its density of gang membership is among the highest in the country, one-third of its public high school students fail to graduate, and since 1970 nearly 1% of its population has been murdered.
Religious institutions are deeply embedded in the history of Pomona. There are now more than 120 churches, representing most religions in today's society. The historical architecture of these churches provide glimpses of the European church design and architecture from other eras.
In 2005, Pomona citizens elected Norma Torres, the first woman of Guatemalan heritage to be elected to a mayoral post outside of Guatemala.
Pomona is an urban area of Los Angeles County in the Pomona Valley, located at (34.060760, -117.755886). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.964 square miles (59.48 km2), over 99% of it land.
Pomona is bordered by the cities of San Dimas on the northwest, La Verne and Claremont on the north, Montclair and Chino on the east, Chino Hills and Diamond Bar on the south, and Walnut, South San Jose Hills, and Industry on the southwest. The Los Angeles/San Bernardino county line forms most of the city's southern and eastern boundaries.
Pomona has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) with hot, dry summers and mild, damp winters and a large amount of sunshine year-round. August is the warmest month with an average daytime high temperature of 92 °F (33 °C). Summers are characterized by sunny days and very little rainfall during the months of June through September. Fall brings cooler temperatures and occasional showers, as well as seasonal Santa Ana winds originating from the northeast. December is the coolest month with an average high temperature of 68 °F (20 °C). Winter also brings the majority of annual precipitation. Snowfall is virtually unheard of, but frost can occur once or twice a year. Annual precipitation averages 17.32 inches (439.9 mm).
|Climate data for Pomona, California|
|Record high °F (°C)||91
|Average high °F (°C)||68
|Average low °F (°C)||43
|Record low °F (°C)||21
|Precipitation inches (mm)||3.11
The 2010 United States Census reported that Pomona had a population of 149,058, a slight decline from the 2000 census population. The population density was 6,491.2 people per square mile (2,506.3/km²). The racial makeup of Pomona was 71,564 (48.0%) White (12.5% Non-Hispanic White), 10,924 (7.3%) African American, 1,763 (1.2%) Native American, 12,688 (8.5%) Asian, 282 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 45,171 (30.3%) from other races, and 6,666 (4.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 105,135 persons (70.5%).
The Census reported that 144,920 people (97.2% of the population) lived in households, 2,782 (1.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,356 (0.9%) were institutionalized.
There were 38,477 households, out of which 19,690 (51.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 19,986 (51.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,960 (18.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,313 (8.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,823 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 299 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,810 households (15.1%) were made up of individuals and 2,010 (5.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.77. There were 30,259 families (78.6% of all households); the average family size was 4.15.
The population was spread out with 43,853 people (29.4%) under the age of 18, 20,155 people (13.5%) aged 18 to 24, 42,311 people (28.4%) aged 25 to 44, 31,369 people (21.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,370 people (7.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.5 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.
There were 39,620 housing units  at an average density of 1,771.8 per square mile (684.1/km²), of which 21,197 (55.1%) were owner-occupied, and 17,280 (44.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 80,968 people (54.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 63,952 people (42.9%) lived in rental housing units
During 2009–2013, Pomona had a median household income of $49,474, with 21.6% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
Since the 1980s, Pomona's newest neighborhood Phillips Ranch, experienced rapid growth with homes still being built in the hilly area between Downtown and Diamond Bar. Today, Phillips Ranch is nearly all residential. Northern Pomona has seen some gentrification with additional housing units added and revamped streetscapes. Pomona Electronics was originally based in the city.
According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city and number of employees are Pomona Unified School District (3,424), Pomona Valley Hospital Medical Center (3,230), California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (2,316), Lanterman Developmental Center (1,283), City of Pomona (810), Casa Colina Rehabilitation Center (688), Verizon (596), County of Los Angeles Department of Social Services (383), First Transit (320) and Cal Spas (315).
Arts and culture
Annual cultural events
The city is the site of the Fairplex, which hosts the L.A. County Fair and the NHRA Auto Club Raceway at Pomona, (formerly known as Pomona Raceway) Powerade Winternationals Drag Racing competition.
The city also hosts the Pomona Swap Meet and the Classic Car Show. The Classic Car Show is considered by many[who?] to be a Southern California classic. It is one of seven major events hosted at the Fairplex each year.
Museums and other points of interest
- Fairplex, annual Los Angeles County Fair
- Auto Club Raceway at Pomona, formerly known as "Pomona Raceway"
- Ygnacio Palomares Adobe, List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles County, California
- La Casa Primera de Rancho San Jose, List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles County, California - Pomona
- Pomona Envisions the Future mural in the Art's District of Pomona
- The Glass House
- Pomona Fox Theater
- Phillips Mansion
- Cal Poly Pomona
- American Museum of Ceramic Arts
Pomona was incorporated on January 6, 1888 and adopted a charter in 1911, making it a charter city.
The city is governed by a seven-member city council. Regular municipal elections occur in even-numbered years. Councilmembers serve four-year terms, and the mayor is the presiding councilmember, elected at-large. The other six members are elected by districts. Every eight months, the council appoints a new vice mayor from among its members.
- John Nolte
- Adriana Robledo
- Cristina Carrizosa
- Paula Lantz
- Ginna Escobar
- Debra Martin
City manager: Linda Lowry
According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $220.3 million in Revenues, $225.5 million in expenditures, $818.3 million in total assets, $520.0 million in total liabilities, and $80.6 million in cash and investments.
The Los Angeles County Fire Department provides fire department services for Pomona on a contract basis.
State and federal representation
Public and private schools
Most of Pomona and some of the surrounding area are served by the Pomona Unified School District. The Claremont Unified School District is zoned for the students in the northern section of the city. The Pomona School District has been criticized by some Pomona residents for its construction of the acclaimed expressionist modern Diamond Ranch High School in the city's more affluent area of Phillips Ranch.
There are three parochial schools located in Pomona: St. Madeleine's School (K-5th), St. Joseph Catholic Elementary School (K–8), and Pomona Catholic Middle School and High School. The School of Arts and Enterprise is a charter high school located on Monterey Ave. and Garey Ave. Village Academy High School is also located on E. Holt Blvd and East End Ave. It is a high school that focuses on technology.
Colleges and universities
- California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona) is located southwest of the junction of the 10 and 57 freeways. The university was established on the site of breakfast cereal magnate W.K. Kellogg's ranch located on the city's western corner. The university has over 21,000 students and covers an area of over 1,437 acres (5.82 km2), which makes it the second largest land-holding university in the California State University system. The university is known for its agricultural, engineering and architectural programs which are very selective and nationally ranked.
- Western University of Health Sciences, (formerly known as College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific) is located south of Highway 10 off Towne Avenue. It is one of the largest health sciences universities in California, offering degrees in Osteopathic Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, Physical Therapy, Physician Assistant, Pharmacy, Nurse Practitioning, and as of 2010, Dentistry, Optometry, and Podiatry. WesternU's new Patient Care Center opened in May 2010, and serves more than 10,000 patients per year.
- Pomona College was founded in Pomona in 1887, but moved to neighboring Claremont, California in 1889.
- Mt. San Antonio College, though administratively located in Walnut, California, is positioned directly adjacent to Cal Poly Pomona just west of Pomona and the 57 Freeway.
The major daily newspaper in the area is The Los Angeles Times. La Opinión is the city's major Spanish-language paper. There are also a wide variety of smaller regional newspapers, alternative weeklies and magazines, including:
- Claremont Courier
- Inland Valley Daily Bulletin
- San Gabriel Valley Tribune, printed at the office in West Covina
Pomona is connected to downtown Los Angeles, and to downtown Riverside via Metrolink. In addition, with the Gold Line foothill extension, Pomona will be connected to Los Angeles and eastern Los Angeles county via light rail when the project is completed in 2018.
- San Bernardino Freeway
- Orange Freeway
- Pomona Freeway
- Foothill Boulevard
- Corona Expressway
- Interstate 210 and State Route 210 (California)
Pomona is serviced by:
- Ontario Airport, located 12 miles (19 km) away,
- John Wayne Airport located 30 miles (48 km),
- Long Beach Airport located 35 miles (56 km) away,
- Bob Hope Airport located 40 miles (64 km)away
- Los Angeles International Airport (LAX)located 45 miles (72 km) away
- San Bernardino International Airport, located 37 miles (60 km) away
The service runs much more frequently than other area mass transit, and operates around the clock. 60-foot NABI articulated buses are used on this route, like the ones used on the Metro Orange Line, Metro Local, and Metro Rapid.
- Hamza Abdullah, football player, attended Pomona High School
- Husain Abdullah, football player, attended Pomona High School
- Above the Law, rap group, formed in Pomona
- Jessica Alba, actress, born in Pomona
- Richard Armour, author, grew up in Pomona and attended Pomona College
- Melissa Barrera, television personality, born in Pomona
- Guy Vernon Bennett, politician, was superintendent of schools in Pomona in 1914
- Jeanne Black, country singer, born in Pomona
- Jim Chandler, author, spent time in Pomona during his youth
- Cold 187um, rapper 
- Dan Cortes, baseball player
- Alberto Davila, boxer
- Gabriel P. Disosway, United States Air Force General
- Nate Dogg, rapper and G-funk singer
- Michael Efevberha, basketball player for the Nigeria national basketball team
- Ron English, football coach
- Al Ferguson, actor 
- Todd Field, actor
- Mike Frank, baseball player
- Suga Free, rapper 
- Britney Gallivan, best known for debunking a myth about paper folding
- Donnie Hill, professional baseball player
- Bruce Hines, baseball coach
- Jim Keith, author 
- Will Keith Kellogg, industrialist 
- Jill Kelly, adult film performer, born in Pomona
- Kokane, rapper, actor
- Dan McGwire, football player
- Mark McGwire, baseball player
- Daniel Keys Moran, science fiction author 
- Cameron Morrah, football player
- "Sugar" Shane Mosley, boxer
- Ed Nelson, actor
- Kem Nunn, author, surfer
- Orlando Perez, Major League Soccer player
- Kenneth Pitzer, chemist, university president
- Russell K. Pitzer, philanthropist, founder of Pitzer College
- Scott Reeder, bass player
- Richie Sandoval, boxer
- Bob Seagren, actor and Olympic pole vaulter, started vaulting as a teenager in Pomona
- Millard Sheets, painter
- Bill Singer, baseball pitcher
- Jerry E. Smith, author 
- Randy Stein, baseball player
- Brian Stokes, baseball pitcher
- James Tarjan, chess Grandmaster
- Robert Tarjan, computer scientist, born in Pomona
- Norma Torres, politician
- Jimmy Verdon, football player and coach
- Tom Waits, singer-songwriter, composer, and actor
- Delanie Walker, professional football player
- Frank Wilcox, actor, lived in Pomona in the 1930s and worked in lemon groves
- Rozz Williams, gothic rock musician, born in Pomona
- Larry Wilmore, comedian and comedy writer, host of The Nightly Show
- Trevor Wright, actor 
- Rich Yett, professional baseball player, born in Pomona
In popular culture
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2014)|
- It was rumored that Walt Disney originally planned on having Disneyland built in Pomona, but the city council declined his offer, fearing that the park would not succeed and would cause the city to go into debt. According to Matthew Tresaugue, former reporter for the Inland Valley Daily Bulletin, it was one of 71 considered cities, but was ruled out due to temperature extremes, i.e. too hot in summer and too cold at night. It is interesting to note, however, that author James Ellroy used Pomona as the setting for the fictional amusement park Dream-a-Dreamland in his novel L.A. Confidential. Dream-a-Dreamland and its fictional owner, the cartoon magnate Ray Dieterling, were based very closely on Disneyland and Walt Disney.
- In a Walt Disney 1940 Cartoon short, Mr. Mouse Takes a Trip Mickey and Pluto board a train from Burbank while evading a "no dogs allowed" policy enforced by conductor Pete (Disney) until coincidentally getting kicked out at their destination, Pomona.
- In an I Love Lucy episode, the main characters of the show "go out to the country" on a day trip to Pomona. This is now seen as odd due to Pomona since becoming quite urban. In 1940, Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz spent their honeymoon in downtown Pomona.
- In the 1979 Steven Spielberg film 1941, is partly set in Pomona.
- In the 1988 film Die Hard, John McClane (Bruce Willis) tells his wife, Holly Genaro McClane (Bonnie Bedelia) that he will be staying with his former captain, who has moved to "Ramona". She laughs at him, saying it's pronounced "Pomona".
- In the "Treehouse of Horror XVI" episode of The Simpsons, during the introductory scene, during the Springfield Isoptopes's game Pomona was used in a parody of 'The OC'. A poster background depicting the word Pomona in a 'The OC' template. The announcer prompts Fox's newest endeavor 'Pomona' "it's even hotter away from the beach." The episode was written and produced by Pomona native Marc Wilmore.
- In 2003 the film The Cat in the Hat, starring Mike Myers, transformed Pomona's Antique Row into a scene straight from the imagination of Dr. Seuss.
- In 2005 the film Herbie: Fully Loaded, starring Lindsey Lohan, filmed a car race on Pomona's White Avenue.
- The 2006 film Alpha Dog, directed by Nick Cassavetes, is based on the true story of the 2000 kidnapping and murder of 15-year-old Nicholas Markowitz and related events, some in Pomona.
- "About Pomona". City of Pomona. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- "City of Pomona California Website". City of Pomona California Website. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
- William D. Halsey, ed. (1976). "Pomona". Collier's Encyclopedia 19. Macmillan Educational Corporation. p. 232.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
- "Pomona". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- "Pomona (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- "Most Populous Cities in Los Angeles County Populations of 100,000+ (1990 - 2010 Census)". Los Angeles Almanac. Retrieved 2011-05-27.
- "Profile for Pomona, California, CA". ePodunk. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
- A Brief History of Pomona
- Mike Davis (14 January 2014). Ecology of Fear: Los Angeles And The Imagination Of Disaster. Henry Holt and Company. pp. 406–410. ISBN 978-1-4668-6284-5.
- "Norma Torres - Mayor of Pomona, California". City Mayors. 2008-03-10. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
- "U.S. Census Bureau". http://www2.census.gov/geo/maps/dc10map/UAUC_RefMap/ua/ua51445_los_angeles--long_beach--anaheim_ca/DC10UA51445.pdf. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Averages for Pomona, CA". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2012-05-28.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Pomona city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "Pomona, California, Housing Statistics". Infoplease.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
- Los Angeles Times, November 15, 1964, “Historic Ranch to Be Big Community”
- City of Pomona CAFR
- "Pomona Swap Meet". George Cross & Sons, Inc. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
- "City Council 909-620-2051". City of Pomona. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
- "Pomona Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "California's 35th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- Diamond Ranch High School - Thom Mayne - Morphosis - Great Buildings Online
- Pomona, California | TripAtlas.com
- The School of Arts and Enterprise
- "The Top U.S. Architecture Schools". Architect Magazine - online version. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
- "Cal Poly Pomona Rankings". Visitor & Information Centers at Cal Poly Pomona. Retrieved 2008-08-27.
- "Pomona Healthcare - Western University of Health Sciences." Village Profile. Community Profile Network. Web. 27 Dec. 2011. <http://www.villageprofile.com/california/pomona/09/topic.html>.
- DeVry Pomona Community Home Page
- Hamza Abdullah, DB for the Arizona Cardinals at NFL.com
- Husain Abdullah, SS for the Minnesota Vikings at NFL.com
- Above The Law on Yahoo! Music
- The Jessica Alba Picture Pages
- Flint, Peter B. (March 2, 1989). "Richard Armour, 82, an Author Of Whimsical Free Verse, Is Dead". The New York Times.
- "Melissa Barrera - IMDb". Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- Poet's Musings: SMOKE AND THUNDER by Jim Chandler
- Above the Law - Download Above the Law Music on iTunes
- Dan Cortes Minor League Statistics & History - Baseball-Reference.com
- People From Pomona, California
- Eastern Michigan University Athletics - 2009 Football Coaching Staff
- Al Ferguson athletic career, photos, articles, and videos | Fanbase
- "Mike Frank Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
- Pomona Pimpin - Suga Free
- Muse: Champion Paper-Folder
- Donnie Hill Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac
- "Bruce Hines Profile - Photos, Wallpapers, Videos, News, Movies, Bruce Hines Songs, Pics". Connect.in.com. 1957-11-07. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
- W. K. Kellogg Arabian Horse Library
- "Jill Kelly - Biography". IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
- Kokane - True Knowledge
- Daniel Keys Moran Web Page
- Shane Mosley is Stripped, Senchenko Full WBA Champ - Boxing News
- Ed Nelson News, Ed Nelson Bio and Photos | TVGuide.com
- Kem Nunn | Official Publisher Page
- Orlando Perez | Major League Soccer
- Scott Reeder
- "SportsScope : Bantam Champ Richard Sandoval to Fight for Charity at Cal Poly Pomona". Los Angeles Times. February 6, 1986. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
- Ballard, Chris (April 23, 2001). "Bob Seagren, Pole Vaulter". SI Vault (SI.com). Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- "Bill Singer Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
- "Randy Stein Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
- "Brian Stokes Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
- Shasha, Dennis Elliott; Lazere, Cathy A. (1998). "Robert E. Tarjan: In Search of Good Structure". Out of Their Minds: The Lives and Discoveries of 15 Great Computer Scientists. Copernicus/Springer. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-387-97992-2. OCLC 32240355.
- Eastern Michigan University Athletics - Jimmy Verdon Jr. Named Graduate Assistant Football Coach
- "Biography of Frank Wilcox". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- "Rozz Williams (1963 - 1998)". Find A Grave. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- V52 Spring 2008
- "Rich Yett Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pomona, California.|
- Official website
- Pomona Unified School District
- Pomona Local News
- Pomona Chamber of Commerce
- City-Data.com Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about Pomona
|Diamond Bar||Chino Hills||Chino