Pomona, Queensland

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Pomona
Sunshine CoastQueensland
Pomona Hotel.JPG
Pomona Hotel
Pomona is located in Queensland
Pomona
Pomona
Coordinates 26°21′45″S 152°51′23″E / 26.36250°S 152.85639°E / -26.36250; 152.85639Coordinates: 26°21′45″S 152°51′23″E / 26.36250°S 152.85639°E / -26.36250; 152.85639
Population 2,587 (2011 census)[1]
Established 1890
Postcode(s) 4568
Location 30 km (19 mi) W of Noosa Heads
LGA(s) Shire of Noosa
State electorate(s) Gympie
Federal Division(s) Wide Bay
Suburbs around Pomona:
Cooran Pinbarren Cootharaba Ringtail Creek
Cooran Pomona Lake MacDonald
Federal Black Mountain Cooroy

Pomona is a town and locality in the Shire of Noosa, Queensland, Australia.[2][3] In the 2011 census, Pomona had a population of 2,587 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

Pomona is 140 kilometres north of Brisbane, and approximately 30 minutes driving time from Noosa Heads. It is located at the base of Mount Cooroora at the northern end of the Sunshine Coast. It is within the local government area of Shire of Noosa (between 2008 and 2013 it was within Sunshine Coast Region).

Pomona is bounded to the south by the Bruce Highway and along most of its northern boundary by Six Mile Creek. The North Coast railway line passes through the locality from the south-east to the north-west with the town of Pomona served by the Pomona railway station. The centre of the locality is the urban area of the town of Pomona, while the northern area is mostly small farms. The rest of the locality remains heavily treed.[4]

Pomona is the historic heart of the Noosa Biosphere recognised by the United Nations Economic, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2007 as a World Biosphere Reserve. These reserves are learning communities that cultivate harmony between people and nature in support of conservation and sustainable development.[5][6]

History[edit]

Mill Street, Pomona, during the February 2013 Eastern Australia floods.

The town was originally called Pinbarren Siding and was renamed Pomona in 1900, after the Roman goddess of fruit and orchards.[2][3][7]

Pomona was first settled by Europeans in the late 1880s, but had been home to the Kabi Kabi/Gubbi Gubbi indigenous peoples for thousands of years before that.[8]

Early settlers collected timber from the area.[9] The railway to Pomona was operating in 1891, opening the land to farming.[9]

Pomona State School was established on 31 August 1897, originally located in Stan Topper Park until 1976. The school is now located on Station Street. (Town streets were named after the functions of buildings located along them - thus the street names include Ambulance St, Church St, School St, Factory St, and so on.)

The early colonial dairy industry at Pomona was replaced by a patchwork of small cropping farms.

The town became the administrative centre of the Noosa Shire Council in 1909 until 1 December 1985 when the Council moved to its Tewantin premises. The original headquarters for the Shire were constructed in Pomona in 1911 on a site now used (since 1985) by the Cooroora Historical Society and Noosa Museum. The main street of the town was devastated by fires in 1939 and 1942.[9] Many buildings were re-constructed with brick or in the "Art Deco" architectural style of the era. Colonial buildings are also a feature of the town and can be viewed along a signed historic walk.

Events[edit]

The Noosa Trail Network of walking tracks through the surrounding forests, farmlands and villages is popular with visitors, but especially every second October when the Great Noosa Trail Walk is held. Visitors may also walk to the top of Mount Cooroora, the solidified lava plug of an ancient volcano worn away over time. Every July, thousands of people cheer 100 runners who race to the top of the mountain and back in under 30 minutes in the annual King of the Mountain event. Those not fit enough to race up the mountain can participate in the world thong throwing championships (thongs of the footwear variety) with the rules stating that a size 10 thong, or larger, must be used. The record throw is 42.8 meters.

The district's rural roots are celebrated every September with the staging of the annual "show" (county fair). The Noosa Country Show has been a local institution since 1909.

Local food and craft markets are held every second week.

Economy[edit]

Pomona is a service center for a town and regional population of 8000 people. The largest employer in Pomona is Pages Furniture Factory. Noosa Landcare is the second largest employer. Some farms produce edible goods for South-East Asia markets. To promote rural-based tourism, Noosa Council and Tourism Noosa have devised a 'Noosa Country Drive' through the picturesque rolling countryside and small hinterland towns, including Pomona.

Heritage listings[edit]

Pomona has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Tourist attractions[edit]

Pomona is notable for three things: a relaxed streetscape of distinctive timber and art deco buildings, the heritage-listed Majestic Theatre and the annual King of the Mountain race up the nearby Mount Cooroora.[14] The Majestic, built in 1921, is claimed to be the world's oldest continuously operating silent movie theatre built for that purpose. However, it is not the first theatre in the world in which silent films were screened. The Majestic has been a community-owned enterprise since October 2006.

Australian musician Darren Hanlon's album "Fingertips and Mountaintops" was entirely recorded in the Majestic Theatre.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Pomona". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Pomona (town) (entry 27282)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Pomona (locality) (entry 49434)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Noosa Biosphere". Noosa Shire Council. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  6. ^ "Biosphere Reserve Information: Australia: Noosa". UNESCO. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  7. ^ "Fruit Growing on Gympie.". Gympie Times and Mary River Mining Gazette (Qld. : 1868 - 1919). Qld.: National Library of Australia. 16 October 1900. p. 3. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  8. ^ "Lands". www.gubbigubbi.com. Retrieved 2015-09-03. 
  9. ^ a b c Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland) (2000). Heritage Trails of the Great South East. State of Queensland. p. 144. ISBN 0-7345-1008-X. 
  10. ^ "Majestic Theatre (entry 602696)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  11. ^ Cooroora Historical Society. "Cooroora Historical Society - Noosa Museum". Spiderweb. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "Pomona Police residence (& former station), lock-up and courthouse (entry 602515)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "Cooroora Masonic Temple (former) (entry 602423)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "Pomona King of the Mountain Festival". The Cooroy & Pomona Lion's Club. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Pomona, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons