Pompano

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For other uses, see Pompano (disambiguation).
Pompano
Pompano common.jpg
Florida pompano, (T. carolinus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Carangidae
Genus: Trachinotus
Lacépède, 1801
Type species
Scomber falcatus
Forsskål, 1775
Species

See text.

Pompanos /ˈpɑːmpən/ are marine fishes in the genus Trachinotus in the family Carangidae (better known as "jacks"). Pompano may also refer to various other, similarly shaped members of Carangidae, or the order Perciformes. Their appearance is deep-bodied and mackerel-like, typically silver and toothless with a forked tail and narrow base. Of the 20 described species, most are valued as food. Some species are considered prize delicacies and game fish. A similar species is known as the permit, T. falcatus: two United States Navy submarines are named after it.

The Florida pompano, T. carolinus, reaches about 45 cm (18 in) and 1.5 kg (3.3 lb), while the permit reaches about 90 cm (35 in) and more than 14 kg (31 lb).

Species[edit]

The 20 currently recognized species in this genus are:[1]

  • Trachinotus africanus J. L. B. Smith, 1967 (southern pompano)
  • Trachinotus anak J. D. Ogilby, 1909 (oyster pompano)
  • Trachinotus baillonii (Lacépède, 1801) (smallspotted dart)
  • Trachinotus blochii (Lacépède, 1801) (snubnose pompano)
  • Trachinotus botla (G. Shaw, 1803) (largespotted dart)
  • Trachinotus carolinus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Florida pompano)
  • Trachinotus cayennensis G. Cuvier, 1832 (Cayenne pompano)
  • Trachinotus coppingeri Günther, 1884 (swallowtail dart)
  • Trachinotus falcatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (permit)
  • Trachinotus goodei D. S. Jordan & Evermann, 1896 (palometa)
  • Trachinotus goreensis G. Cuvier, 1832 (longfin pompano)
  • Trachinotus kennedyi Steindachner, 1876 (blackblotch pompano)
  • Trachinotus marginatus G. Cuvier, 1832 (plata pompano)
  • Trachinotus maxillosus G. Cuvier, 1832 (Guinean pompano)
  • Trachinotus mookalee G. Cuvier, 1832 (Indian pompano)
  • Trachinotus ovatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (pompano)
  • Trachinotus paitensis G. Cuvier, 1832 (Paloma pompano)
  • Trachinotus rhodopus T. N. Gill, 1863 (gafftopsail pompano)
  • Trachinotus stilbe (D. S. Jordan & E. A. McGregor, 1899) (steel pompano)
  • Trachinotus teraia G. Cuvier, 1832 (shortfin pompano)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Trachinotus in FishBase. February 2013 version.