Ponce Municipal Library

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Coordinates: 18°00′44″N 66°36′12″W / 18.01223°N 66.60339°W / 18.01223; -66.60339

Mariana Suárez de Longo Municipal Library
Biblioteca Municipal Mariana Suárez de Longo
Ponce Municipal Library in Barrio San Anton, Ponce, Puerto Rico (6218397557).jpg
Headquarters of the Ponce Public Library in Barrio San Antón, Ponce, Puerto Rico
CountryPuerto Rico
TypePublic library
Established1870[1]
LocationBoulevard Miguel Pou, Barrio San Antón, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Branches7

Within the city:

  • Clausells (Guillermo Jackson) at Victoria & Villa Madrid
  • Jaime L. Drew (Jose Rodriguez Ayala) at Urb. Jaime L. Drew
  • Playa (Rafaela Prieto Library) at Avenida Hostos Final

Outside the city:

Collection
Size3,000 books[2] + 60,000+ periodicals
Access and use
Population served166,327
Other information
Budget$500,000
DirectorMs. Jo Arleen Torres Hernández
Staff39
Websitebibliotecaponce.wordpress.com
References: Las Fiestas Populares de Ponce. Ramon Marin.

The Ponce Municipal Library, formally, Biblioteca Municipal Mariana Suárez de Longo (English: Mariana Suárez de Longo Municipal Library), and also known as Biblioteca Publica de Ponce (English: Ponce Public Library), is the library system of the municipality of Ponce, Puerto Rico. Founded in 1870, it is the oldest public library in Puerto Rico.[3] The system has its main library on Miguel Pou Boulevard, in barrio San Antón, in the city of Ponce, and seven satellite library branches, three in the city's urban area and four spread out in the municipality's rural areas. The main library inaugurated a new building on Bulevar Miguel Pou in August 2007,[4][5] where the former Puerto Rico District Court building was located.[6]

History[edit]

Gabinete de Lectura[edit]

The origins of the Ponce Municipal Library date to the establishment in Ponce of the "Gabinete de Lectura" in 1869-1870, founded by Alejandro Tapia y Rivera.[7][8][9][10] The books from the Gabinete de Lectura, the personal collection of Don Miguel Rosich and miscellaneous purchases were used to stock the Public Library.[11] The Gabinete de Lectura was the first educational, cultural, and scientific center in Ponce.[12] The Gabinete was established in 1870 by Federico Perez, Antonio Molina, Jr., Diego Vicente Texeira, Rafael Rodriguez, Luis R. Velazquez, Angel Aguerrevera, and Eduardo Neumann Gandía, and was located on Calle Sol.[13] The central government in San Juan closed it down in 1874 out of fear that the common people would become educated and rebel against the government. However, it was reopened in 1876 by a group of people that included some of its original founders plus Dr. Rafael Pujals, Oscar Schuck, Alfredo Casals, Antonio Molina, Ramon Rivera, Jacobo Tur, Sergio Cuevas Zequeira, Juan Cuevas Aboy, Oriol Pasarell, Fancisco Oliver, Manuel Mayoral Barnes, and Manuel Yordan.[14]

The first library[edit]

The Ponce Municipal Library was formally founded in 1890[15][16] and re-organized in 1894.[17] This first library was located on the first floor of Casa Alcaldia building,[18] on what is now Calle Plaza Degetau, but at the time was considered part of Calle Villa. It contained 1,500 volumes that came from the "Gabinete de Lectura", the private collection of Manuel Rosich, a prominent local educator, and donations from citizens at large.[19] The first librarian was Joaquin Figueroa.[20] The library started with 809 books and 669 pamphlets.[21] By 1913, the total number of volumes was over 4,754,[22] including 2,818 books and 1,936 periodicals.[23] In 1937, the library was restarted under the leadership of Luis A. Ferre.[24] The library later relocated to Isabel street in what is now the Ponce Historic Zone. In 1940, mayor Jose Tormos Diego reconditioned the northern annex of Teatro La Perla to be used as the headquarters of the Ponce municipal library.[25]

Former location of the Ponce Municipal Library next to Teatro La Perla in Barrio Tercero, Ponce, Puerto Rico, now (2011) serves as headquarters of the Ponce Municipal Band and other musical arts organizations

Originally a non-circulating library, in 1945 the Ponce Public Library instituted a home loan system guaranteed by deposits. The majority of its readers were school children.[26] By 1946 the Ponce Public Library collection had increased to 9,648 volumes, mostly of general character, but completely catalogued according to the Dewey system.[27] In 1946 the library was mostly supported by the Ponce Lions Club and the Asociación Bibliotecaria de Puerto Rico, a sort of "friends of the library" organization.[28] At least by 1947, the library was located on the second level of the Teatro La Perla.[29]

In 1971, construction on the north side of Teatro La Perla was completed[30][31] and, during the administration of mayor Juan H. Cintron (1968-1972), the library moved to new facilities next to Teatro La Perla,[32] where it remained until 2007.[33][34]

Current facility[edit]

Construction of the new facility at Bulevar Miguel Pou started in December 2004, completed in January 2007, and the library opened in April 2007.[35] The building cost was $8.5M USD, with another $2M used to furnish it, for a total cost of $10.5M.[36]

The city moved its central library to the new facility in August 2007.[37][38] The modern facility opened over three years after the untimely death of its proud mastermind and instigator, "the beloved Ponce Mayor Rafael Churumba Cordero".[39]

Main library building[edit]

The main library is located in a new building on Miguel Pou Boulevard, barrio San Anton, Ponce, at 18° 0' 44" N, 66° 36' 12" W. The new structure opened in August 2007 under the administration of Mayor Francisco Zayas Seijo[40] and cost $14 million to build.[41] The new building is located at the site of the old Tribunal de Ponce (English: Ponce Judicial Center),[42] which was demolished to give way for the library.

Facilities also include an exhibition hall for art expositions and other similar public events of cultural and civic nature. The library’s courtyard provides unrestricted wireless Internet access per the library’s hotspot policy and provides an environment suitable for book presentations, storytelling activities, lectures and cocktails.[43]

Mariana Suárez de Longo[edit]

The Main Library was named after Mariana Suárez de Longo, a much admired “Teacher of Teachers”. Suarez de Longo was born on 3 January 1906 in Aibonito, Puerto Rico, graduated from Ponce High School in 1923, and obtained a bachelor's degree in Education from the University of Puerto Rico at Rio Piedras in 1935.[44] Suarez de Longo then committed almost 40 years of her life to the education of the island’s youth. In 1946, she became the first Puerto Rican woman to be designated School Superintendent, commanding the Ponce area from 1950 to 1962. In 1954 she obtained a master's degree in Management and Supervision from New York University.[45] From 1963 to 1966 she directed the Department of Education’s southern region, comprising fourteen municipalities. In 1966 she served as director of the Division of Curriculum of Puerto Rico's Department of Education. In 1969, Suarez de Longo directed the Staff Training Center of the Ponce Municipal Head Start program.[46] The devoted educator retired in 1972.[47] She died in Ponce on 13 January 1995.[48]

Satellite libraries[edit]

No. Branch Name Target Population Barrio Locality[49] Opened Focus References
1 Guillermo Jackson Urban Segundo Clausells 1960[50][51] Traditional [52]
2 Jose Rodríguez Ayala Urban Sexto Jaime L. Drew/Escuela José Gautier Benítez ??? Traditional [53][54]
3 Rafaela Prieto de Gonzalez[55] Urban Playa Escuela Segundo Ruiz Belvis and Santiago González Oct 1962[56] Traditional [57][58]
4 Coto Laurel Urban Coto Laurel Llanos del Sur/Escuela Superior Juan Serralles 1960[59][60] Traditional [61][62]
5 Guaraguao Rural Guaraguao Edificio Head Start ??? Traditional [63]
6 Rosario Latorre Rural Magueyes Corral Viejo ??? Traditional [64]
7 Quebrada Limón Rural Quebrada Limón La Joya de Francia ??? Digital [65][66]

In 2018, another digital center was located at the Ponce Servicios building.[67]

Research branch[edit]

Originally envisioned to be co-located with the public library was the Archivo Histórico de Ponce (Ponce Historical Archive). The Archivo Histórico de Ponce is a library research tool about the municipality, and is currently (2011) located on Calle Marina and Plaza Degetau in the Ponce Historic Zone.[68] In 2016, it moved to the renovated Ponce Servicios Building.

The Ponce Historical Archive boasts collections of newspapers published in the city from the 18th through the 21st century, including La Gaceta de Puerto Rico, El Aguila de Puerto Rico, El Universal, El Diario de Puerto Rico among others.[69] Also archived there is La Perla del Sur.

Services[edit]

The Ponce Municipal Library offers among its services a nearly half-million dollars virtual education center with access to over 30 digital services covering subjects from Auto Repair to Health and Medicine to Literature to encyclopedias and dictionaries with a fleet of some 150 computers. There is a Mi Rincón de Lectura (English: Children’s Reading Corner) providing a setting for parents who want to read to their kids. The two-story main library structure also has a youth library, sponsored by the international children’s literature introductory program known as PIALI, Programa Internacional de Acercamiento a la Literatura Infantil (English: International Children’s Literature Introductory Program).[70] The library is also a center for the temporary exposition of visual arts.[71]

Head librarians[edit]

  • Georgina Lazaro (ca.1980 - ca.1990)[72]
  • Adelina Coppin Alvarado (ca.1990 - ca.2002)[73]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lawrence S. Thompson and Jorge Rivera Ruiz. The Libraries of Puerto Rico. The Library Quarterly. Volume 16, Issue 3. Page 227. July–September, 1946.
  2. ^ Informe de Logros (2009-2010): Page 37. Hon. María “Mayita” Meléndez Altieri, Mayor. Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 2010. El Sur a la Vista. Ponce, Puerto Rico. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  3. ^ Lawrence S. Thompson and Jorge Rivera Ruiz. The Libraries of Puerto Rico. The Library Quarterly. Volume 16, Issue 3. Page 227. July–September, 1946.
  4. ^ Junto con la Biblioteca Municipal: Proxima la Conclusion del Nuevo Archivo Historico. Jason Rodriguez Grafal. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 20–26 September 2006. Year 24. Issue 1190. pages 6-7. Accessed 18 April 2018.
  5. ^ Junto con la Biblioteca Municipal: Proxima la Conclusion del Nuevo Archivo Historico.Archived 2008-01-28 at the Wayback Machine. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico.
  6. ^ Carmelo Rosario Natal. Ponce En Su Historia Moderna: 1945-2002. Published by Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo of the Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 2003. p. 300, 341.
  7. ^ De bibliotecas y gabinetes de lectura. Marta Aponte Alsina. "Angelica Furiosa". 21 May 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  8. ^ Lawrence S. Thompson and Jorge Rivera Ruiz. The Libraries of Puerto Rico. The Library Quarterly. Volume 16, Issue 3. Page 227. July–September, 1946.
  9. ^ Emilio del Toro Cuevas. Influencia de la biblioteca publica moderna en la familia y en la cultura social. Conferencias Dominicales dadas en la Biblioteca Insular de Puerto Rico. Volume I (1913) page 52.
  10. ^ Luis O'Neill de Milan. Bibliotecas Publicas de Puerto Rico. In, Eugenio Fernandez Garcia and Eugenio Astol (editors), El Libro de puerto Rico. San Juan, Puerto Rico: El Libro Azul Publishing Co., 1923. Page 451.
  11. ^ Socorro Giron. Ponce, el Teatro La Perla, y La Campana de la Almudaina. Ponce, Puerto Rico: Gobierno Municipal de Ponce. 3rd edition. 1992. page 279.
  12. ^ "Education" Hall, Museo de la Historia de Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 9 March 2001.
  13. ^ Ramón Marín y su Tiempo. Socorro Girón. In, "Las Fiestas Populares de Ponce." Page 20. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
  14. ^ "Education" Hall, Museo de la Historia de Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 9 March 2001.
  15. ^ Las Fiestas Populares de Ponce. Ramon Marin. Page 40. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  16. ^ Bibliotecas que Transcienden Bibliotecas: Integraccion, Innovacion, e Informacion para Todos. Archived 2012-03-31 at the Wayback Machine. Congreso Mundial de Bibliotecas e Informacion. 77ma. Conferencia General y Asamblea de la IFLA. 13–18 August 2011. San Juan, Puerto Rico. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  17. ^ The History of Puerto Rico From the Spanish Discovery to the American Occupation Archived 2008-01-22 at the Wayback Machine. R.A. Van Middeldyk. 1903. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  18. ^ Socorro Giron. Ponce, el teatro La Perla y La Campana de la Almudaina. Ponce Municipal Government. 3rd edition, 1992. p.360
  19. ^ "Education" Hall, Museo de la Historia de Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 9 March 2001.
  20. ^ "Education" Hall, Museo de la Historia de Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 9 March 2001.
  21. ^ Lawrence S. Thompson and Jorge Rivera Ruiz. The Libraries of Puerto Rico. The Library Quarterly. Volume 16, Issue 3. Page 227. July–September, 1946.
  22. ^ "Education" Hall, Museo de la Historia de Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 9 March 2001.
  23. ^ Lawrence S. Thompson and Jorge Rivera Ruiz. The Libraries of Puerto Rico. The Library Quarterly. Volume 16, Issue 3. Page 227. July–September, 1946.
  24. ^ Puerto Rico Grieves Over The Loss Of Its Premier Statesman Four Months Short Of His 100th Birthday: Luis A. Ferre Aguayo (1904-2003). Marialba Martinez. Caribbean Business. Puerto Rico Herald. 30 October 2003. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  25. ^ Information retrieved from the commemorative plaque in the lobby of Teatro La Perla in Ponce, Puerto Rico. Its complete name in 1940 was "Auditorio y Libreria Publica La Perla".
  26. ^ Lawrence S. Thompson and Jorge Rivera Ruiz. The Libraries of Puerto Rico. The Library Quarterly. Volume 16, Issue 3. Page 229. July–September, 1946.
  27. ^ Lawrence S. Thompson and Jorge Rivera Ruiz. The Libraries of Puerto Rico. The Library Quarterly. Volume 16, Issue 3. Page 229. July–September, 1946.
  28. ^ Lawrence S. Thompson and Jorge Rivera Ruiz. The Libraries of Puerto Rico. The Library Quarterly. Volume 16, Issue 3. Page 227. July–September, 1946.
  29. ^ Carmelo Rosario Natal. Ponce En Su Historia Moderna: 1945-2002. Published by Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo of the Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 2003. p. 77.
  30. ^ Carmelo Rosario Natal. Ponce En Su Historia Moderna: 1945-2002. Published by Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo of the Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 2003. p. 114.
  31. ^ Informe Anual, 1972. Jose Casanova Perez (Corporacion de Renovacion Urbana y Vivienda, "CRUV") a Juan H. Cintron, Alcalde. 18 de Junio de 1970. Correspondencia Recibida. Caja de 1969-1970. Archivo Historico de Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. (Yearly Report, 1972. Jose Casanova Perez (Corporacion de Renovacion Urbana y Vivienda, "CRUV") to Juan H. Cintron, Mayor. 18 June 1970. Received Mail. Box for years 1969-1970. Ponce Historical Archives. Ponce, Puerto Rico.)
  32. ^ Law Number 101 of Year 2011. Ley Núm. 101 del año 2011. (P. del S. 1855); 2011, ley 101. Para designar con el nombre de “Centro de Convenciones Juan H. Cintrón García”, al nuevo edificio del Centro de Convenciones de Ponce. Ley Núm. 101 de 23 de junio de 2011.
  33. ^ Junto con la Biblioteca Municipal: Proxima la Conclusion del Nuevo Archivo Historico. Jason Rodriguez Grafal. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 20–26 September 2006. Year 24. Issue 1190. pages 6-7. Accessed 18 April 2018.
  34. ^ New Central Library Archived 2008-01-28 at the Wayback Machine. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico.
  35. ^ Junto con la Biblioteca Municipal: Proxima la Conclusion del Nuevo Archivo Historico. Jason Rodriguez Grafal. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 20–26 September 2006. Year 24. Issue 1190. pages 6-7. Accessed 18 April 2018.
  36. ^ Junto con la Biblioteca Municipal: Proxima la Conclusion del Nuevo Archivo Historico. Jason Rodriguez Grafal. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 20–26 September 2006. Year 24. Issue 1190. pages 6-7. Accessed 18 April 2018.
  37. ^ Junto con la Biblioteca Municipal: Proxima la Conclusion del Nuevo Archivo Historico. Jason Rodriguez Grafal. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 20–26 September 2006. Year 24. Issue 1190. pages 6-7. Accessed 18 April 2018.
  38. ^ New Central Library Archived 2008-01-28 at the Wayback Machine. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. (20 September 2006?)
  39. ^ Municipal Library Mariana Suarez de Longo. TravelPonce.com. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  40. ^ Biblioteca de Ponce. Notas Breves: Info Puerto Rico. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  41. ^ Municipal Library Mariana Suarez de Longo. TravelPonce.com. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  42. ^ Informe Parcial (2), Camara de Representatntes. ESTADO LIBRE ASOCIADO DE PUERTO RICO. 16ta. Asamblea, 2da. Sesión Legislativa Ordinaria. CÁMARA DE REPRESENTANTES. INFORME PARCIAL (2). R. de la C. 116. 27 August 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  43. ^ Municipal Library Mariana Suarez de Longo. TravelPonce.com. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  44. ^ "Biblioteca Municipal e Infantil Mariana Suarez de Longo", brochure. Ponce Municipal Library. March 2010.
  45. ^ "Biblioteca Municipal e Infantil Mariana Suarez de Longo", brochure. Ponce Municipal Library. March 2010.
  46. ^ "Biblioteca Municipal e Infantil Mariana Suarez de Longo", brochure. Ponce Municipal Library. March 2010.
  47. ^ Municipal Library Mariana Suarez de Longo. TravelPonce.com. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  48. ^ "Biblioteca Municipal e Infantil Mariana Suarez de Longo", brochure. Ponce Municipal Library. March 2010.
  49. ^ Bibliotecas Satelites. Wordpress.com. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  50. ^ Carmelo Rosario Natal, Ponce En Su Historia Moderna: 1945-2002, Published by Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo of the Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce (Ponce, Puerto Rico), 2003, p. 77.
  51. ^ Luis Fortuño Janeiro. Album Historico de Puerto Rico (1692-1963). Page 487. Ponce, Puerto Rico: Imprenta Fortuño. 1963.
  52. ^ Modernizada y al día la Biblioteca Jackson. La Perla del Sur. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 25 Mayo 2010. Accessed 1 Feb 2018.
  53. ^ Inaugura Biblioteca Digital Escuela Elemental Jaime L. Drew. Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine. Government of the Municipality of Ponce. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  54. ^ Educational Services Network, Corp.. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  55. ^ Carmelo Rosario Natal. Ponce En Su Historia Moderna: 1945-2002. Published by Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo of the Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 2003. p. 78.
  56. ^ Carmelo Rosario Natal. Ponce En Su Historia Moderna: 1945-2002. Published by Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo of the Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 2003. p. 11.
  57. ^ Luis Fortuño Janeiro. Album Historico de Puerto Rico (1692-1963). Page 487. Ponce, Puerto Rico: Imprenta Fortuño. 1963.
  58. ^ Educational Services Network, Corp.. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  59. ^ Luis Fortuño Janeiro. Album Historico de Puerto Rico (1692-1963). Page 487. Ponce, Puerto Rico: Imprenta Fortuño. 1963.
  60. ^ Carmelo Rosario Natal, Ponce En Su Historia Moderna: 1945-2002, Published by Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo of the Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce (Ponce, Puerto Rico), 2003, p. 77.
  61. ^ Inauguran Biblioteca Municipal. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  62. ^ Educational Services Network, Corp.
  63. ^ Mensaje de Presupuesto: Año Fiscal 2011-2012. Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine. Hon. María “Mayita” Meléndez Altieri, Mayor. Municipio Autónomo de Ponce. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  64. ^ Bibliotecas Satelites. Wordpress.com. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  65. ^ Educational Services Network, Corp..
  66. ^ Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Official Website. Library Branches
  67. ^ Bibliotecas Satelites. Biblioteca Municipal de Ponce.
  68. ^ El Archivo Histórico Municipal del Municipio Autónomo de Ponce, Puerto Rico. Inter-American University of Puerto Rico at Ponce. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  69. ^ Municipal Library Mariana Suarez de Longo. TravelPonce.com. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  70. ^ Municipal Library Mariana Suarez de Longo. TravelPonce.com. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  71. ^ Llegan “Iluminados” a la Biblioteca Municipal de Ponce. La Perla del Sur. 25 January 2017. Accessed 16 February 2018.
  72. ^ Carmelo Rosario Natal. Ponce En Su Historia Moderna: 1945-2002. Published by Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo of the Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 2003. p. 351.
  73. ^ Carmelo Rosario Natal. Ponce En Su Historia Moderna: 1945-2002. Published by Secretaría de Cultura y Turismo of the Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. 2003. p. 350.