|5th Minister of the Interior|
1 December 1855 – 7 December 1855
|Preceded by||Francisco de P. Cendejas|
|Succeeded by||Francisco de P. Cendejas|
José Ponciano Arriaga Mejía
19 November 1811
San Luis Potosí, New Spain
|Died||12 July 1865 (aged 53)|
Mexico City, Mexico
Arriaga rose to prominence in the late 1840s and is particularly known for pushing for the equality of people through property rights. Arriaga proposed a law in which the government would confiscate lands from the local hacienda owners and redistribute it to the local Indian population. Later in his career, Arriaga proposed landowners who possessed more than 15 square leagues, had to begin cultivating their land or forfeit it. Arriaga further proposed that anyone who did not own at least 50 pesos worth of land would be exempt from most taxes. The focus for Arriaga on equality through property rights stems from his argument that "despite the fundamental laws of the land, a privileged caste would be able to establish an aristocracy of wealth and monopolize land and political power."
Arriaga is also known for proposing a law that would establish a public attorney to represent the poor.
- Minister of justice
- Constitutional Congressman representing eight constituencies: Guerrero, Mexico State, Michoacán, Jalisco, Puebla, Zacatecas as well as San Luis Potosí and the Federal District.
- Secretary of the Interior
- Defensor de los Fondos de Beneficencia
- President of the Chamber of Deputies in 1856 and 1862-1863.
Arriaga, in his position as First Minister of the Interior, participated in writing the first draft of the 1857 Mexican constitution, later earning him the title of "Father of the 1857 constitution."
- Stevens, Donald F. Origins of Instability in Early Republican Mexico. Duke University Press. p. 40. ISBN 0-8223-1136-4.
- Guardino, Peter (December 2000). Peasants, Politics, and the Formation of Mexico's National State: Guerrero, 1800-1857. Stanford University Press. pp. 189–195. ISBN 0-8047-4190-5.
- Nesvig, Martin (February 2007). Religious Culture in Modern Mexico. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 304. ISBN 0-7425-3747-1.
- Enciclopedia Política de México 9 Tomo V. (PDF). Senado de la República - Instituto Belisario Domínguez. 2010.