Pond Inlet in 2006
|• Type||Hamlet Council|
|• Mayor||Charlie Inuarak|
|• MLA||Joe Enook|
|• Total||173.36 km2 (66.93 sq mi)|
|Elevation||55 m (180 ft)|
|• Density||9.3/km2 (24/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (EDT)|
|Canadian Postal code|
Pond Inlet (Inuktitut: Mittimatalik, in English the place where the landing place is) is a small, predominantly Inuit community in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada, and is located in northern Baffin Island. At the 2016 census the population was 1,617, an increase of 4.4% from the 2011 census Pond Inlet was named in 1818 by explorer John Ross for John Pond, an English astronomer. The mayor is Charlie Inuarak. Tununiq Sauniq Cooperative Limited, most often referred to simply as the Co-op, also operates a local hotel and other endeavours.
Its economy is largely service based with government as the largest employer. Small businesses that serve the community, tourism, and art work though are also found.
The local co-operative, Tununiq Sauniq Co-op, a member of Arctic Co-operatives Limited, is one of the largest co-ops in Nunavut. It serves the community by managing contracts and delivering goods and services to the citizens of Pond Inlet. Some of the services T.S. Co-op provides are: school bus services, First Air services, Qilaut heavy equipment rentals and services, Sauniq Hotel (largest in community), construction contracts, T.V. Cable Services, a grocery and department store, Yamaha snowmobile and ATV repair shop, and others.
The economy is expected[by whom?] to boom[further explanation needed] once the Mary River Iron Ore Mine is in full operation. The mine site is approximately 160 km (99 mi) west south-west of the community and still in its developmental stage.
As a tourist destination, Pond Inlet is considered one of Canada's "Jewels of the North". It is one of the most picturesque communities with mountain ranges viewable from all directions. Icebergs are most often accessible from the community within walking distance or a short snowmobile ride in winter. Pond Inlet boasts a nearby floe edge, several dozen glaciers, explorable ice caves, and many grand and picturesque inlets. Barren-ground caribou, ringed seal, narwhals and polar bears are just some of the wildlife that can be encountered while travelling out on the land. Nunavut also boasts one of Canada's newest national parks named after the glaciers that can be viewed north of the community on Bylot Island; Sirmilik National Park.
Pond Inlet is most readily accessible by aircraft through a connection in Iqaluit, Nunavut's capital to Pond Inlet Airport. The ocean is ice free for as long as three and a half months when tourist cruise ships visit and goods can be transported to the community by sealift cargo carrying ships. Fresh foods such as fruits, vegetables and milk are flown from Montreal to Pond Inlet several times a week, a distance of about 3,000 km (1,900 mi).
Because of such great distances the cost of food and other materials such as construction supplies can be much higher than that of southern Canada. Milk is approximately $3.75/L, and carbonated drinks can be as much as $4.50/can.
Although the community is not more than 2.5 km (1.6 mi) long, snowmobiles and ATV four-wheelers are the main modes of transportation. With the decentralization of the Nunavut government and increased economic opportunities in the community, the number of vehicles has been increasing tenfold.
Pond Inlet provides a full range of educational opportunities. Piruvik preschool offers award-winning early childhood learning with a strong focus on Inuit culture. Ulaajuk Elementary School and Nasivvik High School together teach kindergarten through grade 12 to approximately 450 students. Nunavut Arctic College hosts a variety of programs for adult learners. Pond Inlet is also the headquarters of the Qikiqtani School Operations which runs schools throughout the Qikiqtaaluk Region.
The community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone. The Qiniq network is designed and operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, and 2G-GSM for mobile voice.
Pond Inlet has a polar arctic climate with long cold winters and short cool summers. Pond Inlet's average high for the year is −11.1 °C (12.0 °F) while the average low for the year is −18.0 °C (−0.4 °F). The daily mean for the coldest month, February, is −34.7 °C (−30.5 °F). The daily mean for the warmest month, July, is 6.6 °C (43.9 °F). The record high for Pond Inlet is 22.0 °C (71.6 °F) on 11 July 1991. The record low for Pond Inlet is −53.9 °C (−65.0 °F) on 12 February 1979.
|Climate data for Pond Inlet Airport|
|Record high humidex||3.6||−4.0||−0.8||3.9||9.4||15.0||22.0||18.9||11.8||6.0||1.2||−0.5||22.0|
|Record high °C (°F)||3.7
|Average high °C (°F)||−30.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−33.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−36.7
|Record low °C (°F)||−49.8
|Record low wind chill||−64.8||−68.5||−60.3||−51.4||−36.2||−20.7||−6.7||−17.8||−25.0||−42.0||−51.6||−58.6||−68.5|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||4.8
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||0.0
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||5.8
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||4.6||4.1||6.5||6.2||6.2||5.9||8.0||9.9||7.9||11.7||8.2||7.4||86.7|
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||4.4||7.9||9.2||2.8||0.2||0.0||0.0||24.5|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||4.6||4.2||6.6||6.1||6.2||2.1||0.2||1.0||5.3||11.5||8.2||7.4||63.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||65.3||65.3||65.0||70.4||78.1||75.8||71.6||75.1||77.0||80.3||72.5||67.6||72.0|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||0.0||0.0||177.0||301.7||353.7||330.4||359.6||192.1||90.2||39.3||0.0||0.0||1,844|
|Percent possible sunshine||—||—||49.5||59.0||48.4||45.9||48.3||30.7||21.9||15.0||—||—||39.8|
|Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010|
- Nunavummiut elect new municipal leaders
- Results for the constituency of Tunnuniq at Elections Nunavut
- Hamlet of Pond Inlet Archived 30 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 25 April 2019 to 0901Z 20 June 2019.
- Hamlet of Pond Inlet
- Tununiq Sauniq Co-operative Limited
- "Nunavut preschool wins $1M Arctic Inspiration Prize". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- "Nunavut preschool program picks up top Arctic Inspiration Prize". Nunatsiaq News. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- "Ulaajuk School". Nunavut Teacher Induction Program. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- "Nasivvik School". Nunavut Teacher Induction Program. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- "Pond Inlet A" (CSV (4222 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2403201. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
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- Gourdeau, Eric. Notes on the Social Impact of Panarctic's Employment Policy in Arctic Bay and Pond Inlet. [Montreal]: Arctic Institute of North America, 1973.
- Grant, Shelagh D. Arctic Justice On Trial for Murder, Pond Inlet, 1923. McGill-Queen's native and northern series, 33. Montréal, QC: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-7735-2337-5
- Grigsby, Michael. Eskimos of Pond Inlet. [Great Britain]: Granada TV, 1975.
- Jackson, G. D., A. Davidson, and W. C. Morgan. Geology of the Pond Inlet Map-Area, Baffin Island, District of Franklin. Paper (Geological Survey of Canada), 74-25. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada, Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources, 1975.
- MacFarlane, I. C. The Effects of Deformation on the Structure of Sea Ice, Pond Inlet, N.W.T. A Contract Report. St. John's, Nfld: Centre for Cold Ocean Resources Engineering, Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1983.
- Nashook, Elijah. Pond Inlet Airstrip Extension Correspondence between Elijah Nashook, Mayor of the Hamlet of Pond Inlet and the Government of the Northwest Territories. Yellowknife?, N.W.T.: Government of the Northwest Territories?, 1987.
- Northwest Territories. Pond Inlet (Mittimatalik). Northwest Territories data sheets. 1986.
- Pond Inlet Education Council, and Baffin Divisional Board of Education. Nanuit Miksaanut. [Iqaluit, N.W.T.]: Pond Inlet Education Council, 1980. ISBN 0-920245-66-8
- Remote Community Demonstration Program (Canada), and Peter J. Poole. A Study to Determine Off-Oil Options for Pond Inlet, N.W.T., with Special Emphasis on the Prospects for Developing Coal Reserves. Ottawa: The Program, 1983.
- Romer, Mark. Pond Inlet Gardens A Report on the Design and Operation of a Solar Greenhouse on North Baffin Island, NWT, with Particular Reference to Economic Viability of Vegetable Production for Arctic Regions. Outremont, Qué: Romer, 1987.
- Soberman, D. A. Report to the Canadian Human Rights Commission on the Complaints of the Inuit People Relocated from Inukjuak and Pond Inlet, to Grise Fiord and Resolute Bay in 1953 and 1955. S.l: s.n.], 1991.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pond Inlet.|
- Official site
- Pond Inlet at the Canadian Arctic Collections
- Sirmilik National Park
- Pond Inlet at the Qikiqtani Inuit Association