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Vainakhish Phandar.jpg
String instrument
Classification Plucked
Related instruments

The Phandar (Chechen: Пхıандар; /phɑːnˈdʌr/;) is a traditional vainakhish three-string plucked instrument from Chechnya and Ingushetia in the Northern Caucasus.
The sound produced by the Phandar is similar to the Panduri, but it is easy to hear the difference between these two similar instruments.

Vainakhish Phandar[edit]

Phandar is the most popular and commonly used string folk instrument in Chechnya and Ingushetia.


Reconstruction of six-string Phandar from Bazajev V. I.

It has a wooden elongated body, carved from one piece of wood, with a flat top and a curved lower deck, and is traditionally made of walnut wood.
The Phandar's frets were traditionally made up of rope, but today they can be made of plastic and steel just like the Guitar.[1]
The Phandar's dimensions are 750-900mm but can variate if it is made properly or not. The Phandar originally had 3 strings but now some modern ones have 6 strings, but there are still made Phandars with 3 strings.


  • Three-stringed Phondar: c-d–g'
  • Six-stringed Phondar: cc-dd-gg'

Related instruments[edit]

Related or similar instruments in other Caucasian countries:
Georgia - Panduri
Ossetia - Dala-Fandyr
Dagestan - Tamur-Pandur
Adygea - Apa-Pshina

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "P". The Stringed Instrument Database. Retrieved March 4, 2012.