Location of Ponemah, Minnesota
|• Total||11.0 sq mi (28.4 km2)|
|• Land||11.0 sq mi (28.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,198 ft (365 m)|
|• Density||66/sq mi (25/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0649628|
Ponemah (Ojibwe language Obaashiing) is a census-designated place (CDP) within the Lower Red Lake unorganized territory in Beltrami County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 724 at the 2010 census.
Though its name in the Ojibwe language is "Obaashiing" meaning "At the narrows", "Ponemah" is derived from another Ojibwe word baanimaa, meaning "later (on), after(wards)", as used in The Song of Hiawatha. Ponemah contained a government school for Ojibwe children. A post office called Ponemah has been in operation since 1901.
According to the U.S. Census, the CDP has a total area of 11.0 square miles (28 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 874 people, 209 households, and 174 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 44.6 people per square mile (17.2/km²). There were 215 housing units at an average density of 11.0/sq mi (4.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 0.34% White, 99.20% Native American, 0.23% from other races, and 0.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.83% of the population. It is the most Native American census designated location in the United States by Percent.
There were 209 households out of which 51.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 21.1% were married couples living together, 44.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.7% were non-families. 13.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.18 and the average family size was 4.37.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 49.5% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 11.6% from 45 to 64, and 2.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 18 years. For every 100 females there were 105.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.0 males.
The median income for a household is $13,571, and the median income for a family was $13,527. Males had a median income of $21,250 versus $16,719 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $4,000. About 57.3% of families and 52.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 52.7% of those under age 18 and 58.3% of those age 65 or over.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Upham, Warren (1920; repr. 2001). "PONEMAH" in Minnesota Place Names: A Geographical Encyclopedia (St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press) ISBN 0873513967
- Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 39.
- "Beltrami County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.