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In theology, ponerology (from Greek poneros, "evil") is a study of evil. Major subdivisions of the study are the nature of evil, the origin of evil, and evil in relation to the Divine Government.[1]

Karl Immanuel Nitzsch outlined his System der christlichen Lehre (System of Christian Doctrine) into three major rubrics: Agathology, or the Doctrine of the Good; Ponerology, or Doctrine of the Bad; and Soteriology, or the Doctrine of Salvation. He further subdivided ponerology into the topics of Sin and of Death[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Presbyterian Review. 1881. p. 423. Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  2. ^ The Methodist Review. 77. 1895. p. 203. Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  3. ^ Nitzsch, C.I. (1849). System of Christian doctrine. T. & T. Clark. p. 130. Retrieved 2014-10-18.