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Ponnani Nagaram Post Office
|• Type||kerala sarkar|
|• Body||Ponnani municipality|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Nearest city||Thrissur, Malappuram|
|Sex ratio||1000:1067 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Ponnani|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Ponnani|
|Civic agency||Ponnani municipality|
Ponnani (formerly Ponani and Paniyani) is municipality in Ponnani Taluk, Malappuram District, in the state of Kerala. It serves the administrative center of the Taluk and Block Panchayath of the same name. It is situated at the mouth of Bharathappuzha (Nila River) and is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the west.
Hyder Ali of Mysore conquered Malabar in 1766 and established an outpost in Ponnani. During his son Tipu Sultan’s regime Ponnani became an important centre for Islamic studies. Tipu developed the port at Ponnani for trade and security reasons. Ponnani was the southern most town of Tipu's regime. After Tipu’s defeat in 1799, the British took the territory of Malabar under their control.
Ponnani and nationalist movements
Shri. KV Raman Menon (1900–1974), known as Ponnani Gandhi, was a great Congress leader of the time who had actively participated in the freedom movement of Malabar. He was a social reformer and was a leading lawyer of the Court of Ponani.
As of 2001[update] India census, Ponnani had a population of 87,356. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Ponnani has an average literacy rate of 85.20%, higher than the Indian national average of 65.38%: male literacy is 90.08%, and female literacy is 80.87%. In Ponnani, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Ponnani provides a natural ground for establishing a port. Ponnani is a sea shore town along the south banks of Barathappuzha. It is located at  at the earth global. It has an average elevation of 5 metres (16 feet).
Peoples and their contribution to Kerala
People from Ponnani had contributed much for Kerala's rich cultural treasure and plays a significant role in the cultural history of Kerala. Few people on the list:
- Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan, who is considered as the Father of the Modern Malayalam language
- Writers and novelists like Kuttikrishna Marar, Uroob (pseudonym of P. C. Kuttikrishnan), M. T. Vasudevan Nair, Madhavikutty (pseudonym of Kamala Surayya) and C. Radhakrishnan, poets like Vallathol Narayana Menon (1878–1958), Edasseri Govindan Nair, Kadavanad Kuttikrishnan etc.
- Painters K. C. S. Paniker, Artist Namboothiri
Politics and governance
Ponnani Assembly constituency
Ponnani Parliament constituency
Ponnani is one among the 20 parliament constituencies of Kerala. The Ponnani constituency comprises the assembly segments of
Between 1957 and 1977, when Ponnani was a reserved constituency, it was held by the Marxists. Once it was re-labeled a general constituency in 1977, the balance of power shifted to the IUML. General Statistics (Municipality as per 1991 Census):
Ponnani Lok Sabha constituency is composed of the following assembly segments:
Ponnani town is a predominantly Muslim populated area. Hindus exist in comparatively smaller numbers. So the culture of the locality is based upon Muslim traditions. Duff Muttu, Kolkali and Aravanamuttu are common folk arts of this locality. There are many libraries attached to mosques giving a rich source of Islamic studies. Most of the books are written in Arabi-Malayalam which is a version of the Malayalam language written in Arabic script. People gather in mosques for the evening prayer and continue to sit there after the prayers discussing social and cultural issues. Business and family issues are also sorted out during these evening meetings. The Hindu minority of this area keeps their rich traditions by celebrating various festivals in their temples. Hindu rituals are done here with a regular devotion like other parts of Kerala.
Ponnani connects to other parts of India through Kuttippuram town. National highway No.66 passes through Edappal and the northern stretch connects to Goa and Mumbai. The southern stretch connects to Cochin and Trivandrum. National Highway No.966 connects to Palakkad and Coimbatore. The nearest airport is at Kozhikode. The nearest major railway station is at Kuttippuram.
- "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Govt.Info.on landmarks and History of Ponnani". Dgllnoida.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- "Article from 'The Hindu' newspaper". Hindu.com. 2008-12-15. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- Edassery Govindan Nair By M. Leelavathy. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Ponnani". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- "Current Politics Ponnani". Hindu.com. 2006-04-23. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
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