Ponsonby, Cumbria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ponsonby
Ponsonby Church. - geograph.org.uk - 132001.jpg
Ponsonby Church
Ponsonby is located in Cumbria
Ponsonby
Ponsonby
Ponsonby shown within Cumbria
Population 205 [1]
OS grid reference NY050048
Civil parish
  • Ponsonby
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SEASCALE
Postcode district CA20
Dialling code 01946
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°25′48″N 3°27′50″W / 54.430°N 3.464°W / 54.430; -3.464Coordinates: 54°25′48″N 3°27′50″W / 54.430°N 3.464°W / 54.430; -3.464
Historical Map of Ponsonby, Cumbria
Storm Clouds over Sellafield - geograph.org.uk - 330062.jpg

Ponsonby is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Copeland of the county of Cumbria, England. Ponsonby has a church which was constructed in 1840 and had further additions in 1874.[2] Ponsonby is located along and just off the A595. It has a population of 205 according to the 2011 Census Data.[3]

Location[edit]

Ponsonby is located along the A595 in the heart of the Copeland district in Cumbria and is on the edge of the Lake District National Park.[4] Ponsonby is 2.5 miles away from the next large village of Gosforth[5] and 10.9 miles away from Whitehaven[6] which is Ponsonby's nearest town.

History[edit]

In the 1870s Ponsonby was described as

"PONSONBY, a parish in Whitehaven district, Cumberland; on the river Calder, at Calder-Bridge. The manor was held, at the Norman Conquest, by the Ponsonbys, ancestors of the Earl of Bessborough, and, with P. Hall, belongs now to W. Stanley, Esq. The hall was built about 1786; containsmany old curiosities, brought from Dalegarth; and stands in a finely wooded park, with picturesque features, and commanding extensive views. A Roman camp is at P. Fell. The living is a p. curacy in the diocese of Carlisle. Value, £113.* Patron, W. Stanley, Esq. The church is ancient; and has some old stained glass, and a tower and spire; and contains monuments of the Stanleys."[7]

Just outside the village of Ponsonby is Calder Bridge, within which lies the Grade II listed Pelham House (named after Herbert Pelham, 3rd bishop of Barrow-in-Furness) but formerly known as Ponsonby Hall. It was built in 1774 and was designed by James Paine for Edward Stanley. This is currently used as offices for the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), and before this was used as a School for Boys.[8]

Ponsonby Church[edit]

The church is located between the Village of Ponsonby and Calder Bridge[9] and is a Grade 2 listed building.[10] The church has many links to the Stanley Family who were part of the village of Ponsonby and lived in the Calderbridge during the 14th Century and the church has a number of different memorials to the family. The church can be accessed by passing the dry moat, the moat is there due to the time the Church was built. From the Church you can see Sellafield (West) and the Lakeland Fells (North-East)[11]

Population[edit]

Population time Series for Ponsonby, Cumbria between 1801 and 2011

The village's population has increased since 1801 to a figure of 205 in 2011, in 106 households, all identifying as White.[12][13] 165 people living in Ponsonby state that they are Christian, with 1 person Buddhist, and the remainder stating no religion or did not answer the section in the Census.[14] The village is made up of 106 households, 7 do not have central heating.

Employment[edit]

Employment in 1881

As you can see from the Employment in 1881 graph there are a lot more Men employed in the Village than Women, this is expected at this time because the Men still held the majority of the power and Women were seen as 'Home Workers' meaning that they would do domestic duties around the home. The sector that employs the most Women is the Domestic Indoor Servant, essentially meaning that they are doing domestic duties in important, Wealthy household within the community. The Male population of Ponsonby are largely employed by the agricultural sector, either being a Farmer, a Farmers Son or Male Relative or an Agricultural Worker. You can also see from the graph that there is very few people employed in high paying Jobs, this could be due to the lack of education with in the area.

Employment in 2001

As you can see from the employment in 2001 graph there has been an increase in the number of Women employed in Ponsonby and an increase in the different sectors that people are employed in. There is a lot more people employed in 'office' jobs now compared to 1881, however agriculture is still the biggest employer. You can also see an increase in women working in Agriculture and Manufacturing, but Males still dominant this area of work. From the graph it is apparent that there is more people travelling away from the village to work in cities where the 'office' jobs are located. There has also been an increase in the variety of Jobs that people from Ponsonby are work in, during 1881 many of the jobs were practical jobs and manual jobs, however there has now been a switch and the majority of people are working in 'office' jobs or terrestrial jobs. A change in the quality of education and better infrastructure has allowed this changes as it has allowed people to move away from the area for work.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ponsonby, Cumbria: Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office For National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  2. ^ The Cumbria Directory. "Ponsonby". Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Ponsonby, Cumbria: Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office For National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey. "Ponsonby Data". Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Google Maps. "Ponsonby". Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  6. ^ Google Maps. "Ponsonby". Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  7. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. A. Fullerton & Co. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  8. ^ Visit Cumbria. "Calder Bridge". Visit Cumbria. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  9. ^ The Cumbria Directory. "Ponsonby". Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  10. ^ British Listed Buildings. "Ponsonby Church". Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  11. ^ Visit Cumbria. "Ponsonby Church". Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  12. ^ Office for National Statistics. "Ethnic Group 2011". Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  13. ^ Office for National Statistics. "Central Heating 2011". Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  14. ^ Office for National Statistics. "Religion 2011". Retrieved 4 April 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Ponsonby, Cumbria at Wikimedia Commons