Pont-Saint-Esprit

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Pont-Saint-Esprit
Saint Saturnin church and the medieval bridge over the Rhône River
Saint Saturnin church and the medieval bridge over the Rhône River
Coat of arms of Pont-Saint-Esprit
Coat of arms
Location of Pont-Saint-Esprit
Pont-Saint-Esprit is located in France
Pont-Saint-Esprit
Pont-Saint-Esprit
Pont-Saint-Esprit is located in Occitanie
Pont-Saint-Esprit
Pont-Saint-Esprit
Coordinates: 44°15′27″N 4°38′57″E / 44.2575°N 4.6492°E / 44.2575; 4.6492Coordinates: 44°15′27″N 4°38′57″E / 44.2575°N 4.6492°E / 44.2575; 4.6492
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentGard
ArrondissementNîmes
CantonPont-Saint-Esprit
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Gilbert Baumet
Area
1
18.49 km2 (7.14 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
10,611
 • Density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
30202 /30130
Elevation36–187 m (118–614 ft)
(avg. 59 m or 194 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Pont-Saint-Esprit (Occitan: Lo Pònt Sant Esperit, "Holy Spirit Bridge") is a commune in the Gard département in southern France. It is situated on the Rhône River and is the site of a historical crossing, hence its name. The Ardèche River flows into the Rhône, just to the north of the bridge. The residents are called Spiripontains.

History[edit]

The bridge was observed by the Irish pilgrim Symon Semeonis in 1323 on his way to the Holy Land: "Pont-Saint-Esprit where there is a famous stone bridge over the Rhône, half a mile in length, the height of which and the breadth of its arches are greatly admired by all those who cross over it."[2]

Bouvier family origins[edit]

Pont-Saint-Esprit is famous as the town of origin of Michel Bouvier, a cabinetmaker, who was the ancestor of John Vernou Bouvier III, father of Jacqueline Kennedy.

1951 mass poisoning incident[edit]

On 15 August 1951, an outbreak of poisoning, marked by acute psychotic episodes and various physical symptoms, occurred in Pont-Saint-Esprit. More than 250 people were involved, including 50 persons interned in asylums and four deaths.[3] Most academic sources accept ergot poisoning as the cause of the epidemic, while a few theorize other causes such as poisoning by mercury, LSD-25, mycotoxins, or nitrogen trichloride.[4][5][6][7][8]

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17935,766—    
18004,055−29.7%
18064,331+6.8%
18214,545+4.9%
18314,953+9.0%
18415,239+5.8%
18515,538+5.7%
18615,123−7.5%
18724,350−15.1%
18814,726+8.6%
18915,262+11.3%
19014,798−8.8%
19114,685−2.4%
19215,801+23.8%
19314,652−19.8%
19464,149−10.8%
19544,925+18.7%
19625,778+17.3%
19686,951+20.3%
19756,709−3.5%
19828,067+20.2%
19909,277+15.0%
19999,265−0.1%
20069,661+4.3%
201110,640+10.1%
201210,651+0.1%

International relations[edit]

Pont-Saint-Esprit is twinned with:

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ https://celt.ucc.ie//published/T300002-001/index.html
  3. ^ Gabbai, Lisbonne and Pourquier (1951-09-15). "Ergot Poisoning at Pont St. Esprit". British Medical Journal. 2 (4732): 650–651. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.930.650-a. PMC 2069953. PMID 14869677.
  4. ^ Lisbonne, Gabbai (15 September 1951). "Ergot Poisoning at Pont St. Esprit". British Medical Journal. 2 (4732): 650–651. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.930.650-a. PMC 2069953. PMID 14869677.
  5. ^ Finger, Stanley (2001). Origins of Neuroscience: A History of Explorations Into Brain Function. Oxford University Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-19-514694-3. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  6. ^ Pommerville, Jeffrey C.; Alcamo, I. Edward (2013). Alcamo's Fundamentals of Microbiology: Body systems edition. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. p. 734. ISBN 978-1-4496-0594-0. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  7. ^ Cavaciocchi, Simonetta, ed. (2010). Economic and biological interactions in pre-industrial Europe, from the 13th to the 18th century. Istituto internazionale di storia economica F. Datini. Settimana di studio. Firenze University Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-88-8453-585-6. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  8. ^ Frederick Burwick (1 November 2010). Poetic Madness and the Romantic Imagination. Penn State Press. pp. 180–. ISBN 978-0-271-04296-1. Retrieved 24 February 2013.

Further reading[edit]

  • John G. Fuller, The Day Of St. Anthony's Fire (New York: The MacMillan Company, 1968).

External links[edit]