Pont-du-Château

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Pont-du-Château
Commune
The church of Pont-du-Château
The church of Pont-du-Château
Pont-du-Château is located in France
Pont-du-Château
Pont-du-Château
Location within Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
Pont-du-Château is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Pont-du-Château
Pont-du-Château
Coordinates: 45°47′57″N 3°14′57″E / 45.7992°N 3.2492°E / 45.7992; 3.2492Coordinates: 45°47′57″N 3°14′57″E / 45.7992°N 3.2492°E / 45.7992; 3.2492
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Puy-de-Dôme
Arrondissement Clermont-Ferrand
Canton Pont-du-Château
Intercommunality Clermont Auvergne Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) René Vinzio
Area1 21.61 km2 (8.34 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 10,102
 • Density 470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code 63284 /63430
Elevation 291–380 m (955–1,247 ft)
(avg. 328 m or 1,076 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Pont-du-Château is a commune in the Puy-de-Dôme department in Auvergne in central France.

A house in the centre of Pont-du-Château.
Allier river near Pont-du-Chateau

Geography[edit]

Located 15 km from Clermont-Ferrand (15 minutes by car), Pont-du-Château lies at a strategic crossroad of motorways connecting Paris to Barcelona and Lyon to Bordeaux. Pont-du-Château joined the Clermont commune on 1 January 2004. Since then, Pont-du-Château has had a large territory of more than 30,000 square meters and 283,000 inhabitants.

Sights[edit]

  • The castle: Burned in 1580 following an epidemic of plague, the castle was rebuilt in the middle of the 17th century, on the initiative of Guillaume de Montboissier Beaufort-Canillac, with financial assistance of his friend Cardinal Mazarin.
  • Museum: place de l'Aire. The museum recalls the life of boatmen and other Castelpontins, through many objects, models and documents. The museum is open every day in July and August.

History[edit]

Origins of the city[edit]

Three boroughs born at the time Carolingian, without one being able to give too precise dates. In the Paulhat west: already during Roman peace existed in the large marsh known under the name of Limagne, of large Gallo-Roman farms, Redon, Picou, Tourette Chazal, but at the time Carolingian the village of Paulhat grows, with the foot of the hillocks of Littes and from Ruchon… If the village of Machal, born with paleolithic under Puy de Mur disappeared, during the invasions Normans appeared on the strengthened hillock, the church co. Martine surrounded by a village which lived activities related to the river Allier.

The medieval city[edit]

Guy de Dampierre seized the town in 1212 on behalf of Philip II of France, which made the city a Crown possession. Become in the 13th century a true citadel with its "old castle" and its single enclosure, Philippe Auguste made it a garrison city, it equipping soon with two new enclosures with towers, doors, Maigne, Bise, Barrière and carries vault of it, ramparts which one guesses in the plan of the old city. Two churches enriched this inheritance: Co. Martine, a beautiful building of Romanesque art whose construction was spread out over several centuries since the 13th century, and recently restored with its rich person paintings of origin; Paulhat, disappeared from the marsh about 1356, rebuilt west of the fortifications in 1384, and again destroyed, it will cover in the 16th century, with the Renaissance, an astonishing architecture, a resurgence of the Romanesque art Auvergnat.

The traditional city[edit]

Guillaume de Montboissier Beaufort-Canilhac, lieutenant general of the Army of Italy in 1654, of return in Auvergne, filled honors by Louis XIV, helped by his friend Mazarin, built the current castle, vis-a-vis the valley Allier; a civil architecture end Louis XIII beginning Louis XIV, with his crowned northern frontage of a terrace, its perron with double revolution, its broad southern terrace which overhangs gardens with the Frenchwoman. “It is of an approval which one does not see anywhere else” wrote the Audigier canon.

At the century of the lights[edit]

Philippe-Claude de Montboissier Beaufort-Canilhac, after 1750, undertook important installations in his castle: vast stables in the west, sculptures and facings ashlar of Volvic for the northern frontage of the principal masonry, installations interior facts of woodworks and paintings of the ceilings to the Frenchwoman, “the small castle”, beautiful residence at the entry of the court to receive its guests, the house of the guards, a theatre, superb cellars, without forgetting in the north of the city the park of the marquis, inspired by the famous landscape designer Ours, basins, alleys of more than 300 meters, aqueducts, thickets, etc. At the same time, between 1765 and 1773, Mr. de Régemorte designed a new stone bridge, which built Raimbaux father and wire, a bridge at our days indestructible in spite of the spectacular floods Allier, and which made it possible the royal road 89 to continue its route between Lyon and Bordeaux. Since nearly 150 years one crossed the river on a vat.

The 19th century[edit]

Pont-du-Château then had five ports: Vortille, them Palisses, Port of Bouères, Borders it St Aventin and the port of Upstream, which was the only port built on Combining it from Brioude to Moulins. The opening of the channel of Briare in 1642, the disappearance of the pélières in 1790, the coal mining of ground of Brewed protected by Colbert, the keen demand of fir trees by the masts of the fleet of Louis XIV, a wine extremely appreciated in the capital, of the hemp of good quality for gréement of the sailing ships, the reputation of papers of Auvergne and even passion of the architects for the stone of Volvic, and it was more than 3.000 fir plantations which each year descended To combine it, an incredible rise of the river navigation, a noisy harbour city of life, populated high marines colors. That the train will force a long time with silence since [1865], before it does not wake up in the modern world after 1960.

Transportation[edit]

  • Plane: at 10 minutes from the Clermont-Auvergne airport. Twenty French cities are served daily including six flights daily for Paris, four to Orly and two to Charles de Gaulle. There are also flights to four European cities: Amsterdam, Geneva, Milan and Turin.[1]
  • Train: at Clermont-Ferrand eight trains go to Paris daily (and one nightly). Daily connections go to Lyon and Marseille The SNCF makes it possible to travel from Pont-du-Château to Clermont-Ferrand in eight minutes.[2]
  • Bus: Member of Clermont the Community, the commune integrates the Perimeter of the Urban transport, the service road drunk is thus accessible with a transport document T2C. The various tariffs and schedules are accessible on[3]

Pont-du-Château is at the crossroads of the regional parks of Auvergne. A few minutes away by car lies the regional natural reserves of the Volcanos of Auvergne and of Livradois-Drill.[4]

Partner cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]