Pontiac 2+2

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Pontiac 2+2
1965 Pontiac 2+2 coupe.jpg
1965 Pontiac 2+2
Overview
Manufacturer General Motors
Also called Parisienne 2+2 (Canada)
Production 1964-1967 in the U.S.
Body and chassis
Class Full-size car
Body style 2-door coupe, convertible
Related Pontiac Catalina
Powertrain
Engine Pontiac V-8, OHV
Transmission 3 or 4-speed manual, automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 121 in (3,073 mm)
Length 214.6 in (5,451 mm)
Height 48.001 in (1,219 mm)

The Pontiac 2+2 is a full size automobile that was manufactured by Pontiac, built on the B-body chassis. It debuted for the 1964 model year as a trim-only option for the Pontiac Catalina, with special door panels, buckets seats, and center console and exterior badging. Pontiac marketed the 2+2 as the "big brother" to the popular Pontiac GTO.[1]

Beginning in 1965 the name Catalina was no longer found on the car, although it was still an option on the Catalina. The 2+2 was equipped with a 421 cu in (6.9 L) engine, dual exhaust, heavy duty front springs as well as its own outer body trim appointments. It officially became its own series in 1966,[2] on the same platform, but reverted again to an option on the Catalina in 1967[3] and was discontinued in the United States the same year due to poor sales.

It continued as a series in Canada until 1970. All Canadian-built 2+2's were equipped with a Pontiac body on a Chevrolet chassis, with the full range of Chevrolet engines available from inline 6-cylinder to big block V-8.

The name 2+2 reappeared briefly in 1986 on the Pontiac Grand Prix 2+2 G-body "aerobody" coupe, of which only 1,225 were built.

Design[edit]

The designation 2+2 was borrowed from European sports car terminology, for a seating arrangement of two in front plus two in the rear. It was designated officially at Pontiac as a "regular performance" model,[4] a thoroughly confusing designation for a vehicle that was clearly intended to be to the Catalina platform what the GTO was to the A-body Lemans: the standard drivetrain was a 2-barrel carburetor version of Pontiac's large 389 cu. in. V8 coupled to a floor-mounted 3-speed manual transmission; 3-speed automatic and 4-speed manual were options, as were a 4-barrel and Pontiac's signature 3x2 Tri-Power configuration. The suspension was stiffened with heavy duty springs and sway bar for improved handling. Starting in 1965 the 389 was replaced by a high-compression 421 cu in (6.9 L) V8, with displacement bumped to the 428 CID in 1967.

Although the 2+2 was discontinued by 1968, all options (except the Tri-Power, which Pontiac discontinued after 1966 under a mandate from GM) were still available, and units could be ordered with what amounted to a 2+2 without the badges.

Exterior[edit]

The 2+2 was only available as a hardtop coupe or convertible. Distinguishing a 2+2 visually from a Catalina were faux louvers on the fenders or quarter panels. Annual changes meant the look and placement of the louvers were on different locations on the fenders from one year to the next. 1964 was the only year that the 2+2 came without them. Along with the badges that appeared on the fenders, hood, and interior to identify the 2+2, other details that appeared included a metal trim that ran the full length of the car, along the lower body line and skirt on the 1965 and 1966, and at mid-door height on the 1967. Another distinguishing feature was the pin-stripe trim package offered on 1965-67 models.

Interior[edit]

The sport interior was equipped with individual bucket seats. Automatic transmission cars had a column shift as standard equipment, console and floor shift were optional. Manual transmission cars had a floor shift as standard equipment. The console was an option. The elegant Catalina dashboard was carried over as well, and fitted with fully functional gauges. Other optional features included a console-mounted vacuum gauge, to monitor efficient engine use while driving, and a tachometer mounted at the top left corner of the dash fascia and later the hood, as an option in 1967.

Engine[edit]

The Catalina and 2+2 were built on the shorter platform, but came with the same engine options as the larger Pontiac Bonneville model. The smaller 389 cu in (6.4 L) engine was standard in the Catalina, but not available in the 1965-1967 model 2+2s. All Canadian-built 2+2s were equipped with Chevrolet engines.[citation needed] The 1986 GP 2+2's were all equipped with a 165HP 305 CID GM V-8 and automatic transmission.

1964[edit]

Pontiac offered the 2+2 as a trim option only in 1964. Most of the trim specifics were found in the passenger compartment. Without the 2+2 badges on the outside, it looked like the base Catalina. Standard was the 389 cu in (6.4 L), OHV Trophy V8, rated at 283 hp (211 kW) with a Rochester 2-bbl carburetor, and a 3-speed transmission controlled by a floor shifter mounted through the center console. A 4-speed was available at extra cost, as was an automatic.

Model year Engine name Displacement Carburetor series (bbl) Output @ rpm Torque @ rpm
1964 Trophy V8 389 cu in (6.4 L) Rochester 2-G (2)[5] 283 hp (211 kW; 287 PS) @ 4400 418 lb·ft (567 N·m) @ 2800
1964 Trophy V8 389 cu in (6.4 L) Rochester 2-G (2) x3 330 hp (246 kW; 335 PS) @ 4600 430 lb·ft (583 N·m) @ 3200
1964 Trophy V8 421 cu in (6.9 L) Rochester 2-G (4) 320 hp (239 kW; 324 PS) @ 4400 455 lb·ft (617 N·m) @ 2800

1965-67[edit]

1965 Pontiac 2+2 coupe 421 CID tri-power
1967 Pontiac 2+2
Detail of the 2+2 emblem on a 1965 Pontiac 2+2 coupe 421 CID tri-power

Pontiac dropped the "Trophy" name for the 1965 model year, but it was also the year that the 2+2 was assigned its own power plant, the 421 cu in (6.9 L) "2+2 V8". Identifying the 2+2 was by the louvers that were incorporated into the bodywork. Standard features included heavy-duty springs and shock absorbers, a 3-speed synchromesh manual transmission (a 4-speed with a Hurst shifter was optional), dual exhausts, and a performance axle ratio of 3.42:1. A new Turbo-Hydramatic automatic transmission replaced the Hydramatic. Car and Driver (March 1965) tested a Catalina 428 and recorded a top speed of 130 mph (210 km/h) and a 0-60 time of just 3.9 seconds.[6]

Model year Engine name Displacement Carburetor series (bbl) Output @ rpm Torque @ rpm
1965-66 2+2 V8 421 cu in (6.9 L) Rochester 2-G (4) 338 hp (252 kW; 343 PS) @ 4600 459 lb·ft (622 N·m) @ 2800
1965-66 2+2 V8 421 cu in (6.9 L) Rochester 2-G (2) x3 356 hp (265 kW; 361 PS) @ 4800 459 lb·ft (622 N·m) @ 3200
1965-66 2+2 HO V8 421 cu in (6.9 L) Rochester 2-G (2) x3 376 hp (280 kW; 381 PS) @ 5000 461 lb·ft (625 N·m) @ 3600
1967 2+2 V8 428 cu in (7.0 L) Rochester Q-Jet (4) 360 hp (268 kW; 365 PS) @ 4600 472 lb·ft (640 N·m) @ 2800
1967 2+2 HO V8 428 cu in (7.0 L) Rochester Q-Jet (4) 376 hp (280 kW; 381 PS) @ 5100 465 lb·ft (630 N·m)

Canadian 2+2[edit]

In 1967, GM of Canada debuted the Parisienne 2+2, based on the Parisienne series that replaced the Parisienne Custom Sport from a year earlier. All Pontiacs manufactured and sold in Canada were unique from their U.S. counterparts as GM of Canada fitted re-proportioned US Pontiac bodies to the Chevrolet Impala chassis and drive trains. Canadian purchasers of the 2+2 could therefore order any Chevrolet V8 engine option like the 283 and 327 in³ small-block engines, or the 396 and 427 in³ "Mark IV" big-block. The trim options were slightly different as well, with Chevrolet's 15-inch Rally rims were used instead of a standard 14" steel rim or the optional Pontiac Motor Division's Kelsey-Hayes "8-lug" integral wheel/brake-drum sets. A 250 cu in (4.1 L) 155 hp (116 kW; 157 PS) straight-6 engine was standard in 1967, which meant that the Canadian 2+2 was a Parisienne with louvers, exterior and interior badges, as well as bucket seats and center console (which were options on the Parisienne) as standard equipment.

1967-70[edit]

Model year Engine name Displacement Carburetor series (bbl) Output @ rpm Torque @ rpm
1967 Astro-6 I-6 250 cu in (4.1 L) Rochester 2-G (1) 155 hp (116 kW; 157 PS) @ 4200 235 lb·ft (319 N·m) @ 1600
1967 Astro-Flash 283 cu in (4.6 L) Rochester 2-G (2) 195 hp (145 kW; 198 PS)@ 4800 NA
1967-68 Astro-Jet 396 cu in (6.5 L) Rochester Q-Jet (4) 325 hp (242 kW; 330 PS) @ 4800 400 lb·ft (542 N·m) @ 2800
1967-69 Astro-Flash 427 cu in (7.0 L) Rochester Q-Jet (4) 335 hp (250 kW; 340 PS) @ 4800 470 lb·ft (637 N·m) @ 3200
1968-70 Astro-Flash 350 cu in (5.7 L) Rochester Q-Jet (4) 300 hp (224 kW; 304 PS) @ 4800 380 lb·ft (515 N·m) @ 2800
1969 Astro-Jet 396 cu in (6.5 L) Rochester Q-Jet (4) 265 hp (198 kW; 269 PS) @ 4800 400 lb·ft (542 N·m) @ 2800
1969 Astro-Jet 427 cu in (7.0 L) Rochester Q-Jet (4) 390 hp (291 kW; 395 PS) @ 5400 NA
1970 Astro-Jet 400 cu in (6.6 L) Rochester Q-Jet (4) 240 hp (179 kW; 243 PS) @ 4800 NA
1970 Astro-Jet 454 cu in (7.4 L) Rochester Q-Jet (4) 345 hp (257 kW; 350 PS) @ 4800 500 lb·ft (678 N·m) @ 2800

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wangers, Jim (1998). Glory Days: When Horsepower and Passion Ruled Detroit. Bentley. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-8376-0208-0. 
  2. ^ Bonsall, Thomas E., ed. (1984). Big Pontiac's - A Source Book. Bookman Publishing. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-934780-26-1. 
  3. ^ Bonsall, pg. 127.
  4. ^ Bonsall, pg. 99.
  5. ^ "Pontiac carburetors - applications and repair kits". Thecarburetorshop.com. Retrieved 2012-10-06. 
  6. ^ Muscle Car Club On-line car registry