Pontifical Biblical Institute

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Pontifical Biblical Institute
PIBiblicum.jpg
Latin: Pontificio Istituto Biblico
Founder(s) Pope Pius X
Established 1909; 107 years ago (1909)
Mission Higher studies in Sacred Scripture
Focus Catholic, Jesuit
Rector Michael Kolarcik, SJ
Location Piazza della Pilotta
Rome, Italy
Website Biblicum
Biblical Institute, Rome
Biblical Institute, Jerusalem

The Pontifical Biblical Institute (it: Pontificio Istituto Biblico) or "Biblicum" in Rome, Italy,[1] is an institution of the Holy See run by the Jesuits that offers instruction at the university level. It was founded by Pope Pius X in the Apostolic Letter Vinea Electa in 1909 as a center of advanced studies in Holy Scripture, to effectively promote Catholic doctrine and its related studies.[2]

History[edit]

At first the Institute prepared students for exams at the Pontifical Biblical Commission. In 1916 it was licensed by Pope Benedict XV to grant academic degrees in the name of the Commission, and in 1928 by Pope Pius XI to grant doctorates in affiliation with the Pontifical Gregorian University, independent of the Commission.[3] In 1927 a branch was opened in Jerusalem.[4] The Pontifical Oriental Institute established in 1917 by Pope Benedict XV was entrusted to the Jesuits in 1922 by Pope Pius XI. Since 1928 the Greg with its affiliates the Biblicum and Orientale are together known as the Gregorian Consortium, owned by the Holy See and entrusted to the Society of Jesus.[3] The Biblicum publishes books and nine periodicals through the Gregorian & Biblical Press.[5]

Rectors (all Jesuit priests)[edit]

Cardinal Augustin Bea is particularly noteworthy for having defended the Biblicum against charges of Modernism in the years prior to the Second Vatican Council.

  • Leopold Fonck – 1909 to 1930
  • Augustin Bea – 1930 to 1949
  • Ernest Vogt – 1949 to 1963
  • Roderick A. MacKenzie – 1963 to 1969
  • Carlo Maria Martini – 1969 to 1978
  • Maurice Gilbert – 1978 to 1984
  • Albert Vanhoye – 1984 to 1990
  • Klemens Stock – 1990 to 1996
  • Robert F. O'Toole – 1996 to 2002
  • Stephen Pisano – 2002 to 2008
  • José-Maria Abrego de Lac – 2008 to 2014
  • Michael Kolarcik – 2014 to ...[1]

Alumni[edit]

Among the prominent alumni of the Biblicum, the following were elevated to the Episcopate and/or Cardinalate.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°53′56″N 12°29′01″E / 41.898785°N 12.483665°E / 41.898785; 12.483665