Pontifical University Antonianum
|Latin: Pontificia Universitas Antonianum|
(Officially established in 1933)
|Rector||Mary Melone, S.F.A.|
The Pontifical University Antonianum (Latin: Pontificia Universitas Antonianum, Italian: Pontificia Università Antonianum), also the Pontifical University of St. Anthony or simply The Antonianum, is a Franciscan university founded in honour of Anthony of Padua in Rome. It is located in the Rione Esquiline, a block north of the Basilica of St John Lateran, at Via Merulana 124, near the intersection of Via Labicana/Viale Manzoni and Via Merulana.
Così avverrà che, a tempo debito, l’Ordine sarà illuminato da uomini veramente dotti e perfettamente versati nelle singole discipline scolastiche e ciascuna provincia potrà andare gloriosa e giovarsi di tali professori e maestri.
So that the [Franciscan] Order will, in due course, be lit by very learned men and well versed in individual academic subjects and each province will be glorious and benefit from these professors and teachers.
Construction of the university began in 1884 and the institution was opened 6 years later in 1890 by Luigi Canali (1889–1897).
To obtain legal recognition from the Italian state, the university was founded as a Missionary College attached to the Roman Curia and the Propaganda Fide. Though this allowed the university to open and operate, missionary work was not the original aim of the university and its academic leaders were keen to secure recognition for the institution in its own right. The process was delayed first by World War I and then by the publication, by Pope Pius XI, of the Deus Scientiarum Dominus, which dictated new rules for academic study. Finally, on 17 May 1933, the Congregation of Seminaries and Universities issued a decree granting the university the right to issue academic qualifications.
On 14 June 1938, the institution was granted the right to use the title Pontifical by Pope Pius XI. On 11 January 2005, Pope John Paul II granted the University the right to use the Pontifical University title.
The University has four faculties and a number of associated institutes, which run approximately 180 courses per year:
- "Woman appointed rector of a Pontifical University for the first time ever". Vatican Insider. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
- History of the Antonianum (.pdf)
- Pontifical University Antonianum – information
- Franciscan Institute of Spirituality Archived January 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.