|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Hope Methodist Church
|Pontnewydd shown within Torfaen|
|Area||2.36 km2 (0.91 sq mi) |
|• Density||2,672/km2 (6,920/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Beginning in the late 19th/early 20th century, as a small village in the locality of Llanfrechfa Upper, Pontnewydd has grown rapidly since the start of the Cwmbran New Town development in 1949. Locally, it is known as 'The Village'. Pontnewydd has its main commercial centre along Commercial Street, Richmond Road, New Street & Chapel Street.
Pontnewydd is split unofficially into a number of sub-districts: North Pontnewydd Estates, Five Locks Estate, Lowlands, Tŷ Newydd Estate, South Pontnewydd Estates and The Village.
The village as part of the new town
Cwmbran was designated as a new town under the New Towns Act 1946. It is the largest new town in Wales. The town was intended primarily to provide homes near work for those employed in the area and also to provide social and commercial facilities as well as to preserve open spaces, aiming for a balanced and self-contained community. Cwmbran’s original population was 12,000 of whom most who lived in Pontnewydd and Old Cwmbran.
Links with other Cwmbran Districts
Northville is a large and enclosed housing estate that lies between Pontnewydd and Croesyceiliog. Being the first set of housing developments after the start of Cwmbran New Town in 1949, its residents in the early 1950s worked in the booming post-war industry around the New Town. Like Thornhill several decades later, it reincorporated its surroundings[clarification needed] and is now seen as an economically improved area of Torfaen County.
This is a residential area in the north-west of Cwmbran. Built in the late 1950s and early 1960s, it hosts a pub, congregation centre, a row of commercial units and Birches Park.
The most well-known and noticeable feature of the area is the Monmouthshire & Brecon Canal. It splits the district roughly in half: it enters the district at the Five Locks Estate, divides the Lowlands and South Pontnewydd areas into two and continues down through Forge Hammer, towards Old Cwmbran.
The Monmouthshire & Brecon Canal runs through the village. Although not navigatable, it provides a route for cyclists and walkers. There are also many parks and recreation grounds surrounding Pontnewydd and the Lowlands area: Pontnewydd Park, Brookland Park, The Rec, Glen Park, Clarksfield and Pontnewydd Rugby Club. Pontnewydd United FC play their home games at Ponthydrun, they currently play in the Gwent County League.
Historically the area was dominated by heavy industry, revolving around the local coal and iron industries. Today the industrial landscape has completely changed, and consists entirely of light industry, represented around the village in neighbouring industrial estates: Avondale Park, Forge Hammer and Springvale.
The Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Company railway line from Newport to Blaenafon ran through the village until it was removed in the early 1980s. Upper Pontnewydd railway station (closed to passengers in 1962) was situated on this line. Cwmbran Drive was then built in the late 1980s, along the bed of the disused railway that bisects the village.
At the 2001 Census, the following information was collected for the ward:
- Population 6132 (Torfaen 90,949). The community population was 4725.
- 47.9% Male, 52.1% Female
- Age Structure
- 21.9% aged between 0-15
- 37.2% aged between 16-44
- 19.0% aged 45–59/64
- 21.9% of pensionable age
- "2011 Census:Quick Statistics:Population Density for Pontnewydd (Ward)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 Nov 2013.
- "2011 Census:Key Statistics:Key Figures for Pontnewydd (Ward)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 Nov 2013.
- "2011 Census:Key Statistics:Key Figures for Pontnewydd (Parish)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 Nov 2013.
- "2001 Census:Key Statistics:Key Figures for Pontnewydd (Ward)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 Nov 2013.
- "2001 Census:Key Statistics:Key Figures for Pontnewydd (Parish)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 Nov 2013.