Pontotoc, Mississippi

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Pontotoc, Mississippi
City
Pontotoc County courthouse
Pontotoc County courthouse
Location of Pontotoc, Mississippi
Location of Pontotoc, Mississippi
Pontotoc, Mississippi is located in Mississippi
Pontotoc, Mississippi
Pontotoc, Mississippi
Location of Pontotoc, Mississippi
Pontotoc, Mississippi is located in the US
Pontotoc, Mississippi
Pontotoc, Mississippi
Pontotoc, Mississippi (the US)
Coordinates: 34°14′55″N 89°0′24″W / 34.24861°N 89.00667°W / 34.24861; -89.00667Coordinates: 34°14′55″N 89°0′24″W / 34.24861°N 89.00667°W / 34.24861; -89.00667
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Pontotoc
Area
 • Total 9.6 sq mi (24.9 km2)
 • Land 9.4 sq mi (24.5 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation 495 ft (151 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,625
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 6,109
 • Density 590/sq mi (230/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 38863
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-59160
GNIS feature ID 0691601

Pontotoc is a city in, and the county seat of, Pontotoc County, Mississippi, located to the west of the much larger city of Tupelo. The population was 5,625 at the 2010 census.[2]

History[edit]

Pontotoc is a Chickasaw word meaning "Land of Hanging Grapes". They occupied this area before Europeans colonized the Southeast. In the early 1830s they were forced to Indian Territory through Indian Removal.

In the late 19th century, the outlaws Jesse and Frank James and their gang once hid at an old house that had been used as a Union Army hospital during the Battle of Harrisburg or Battle of Tupelo in the Civil War. The house was located at a crossroad in east Pontotoc County, near the Lee County line.

The Town Square Museum is located in the historic US post office near the county courthouse. This space is used to house and display Pontotoc memorabilia. There is also a full-service post office operating in the building.

A mural in the museum's lobby, titled The Wedding of Ortez and SaOwana - Christmas 1540, depicts a legendary feast given by Hernando de Soto to celebrate what was said to be the first recorded Christian marriage on the North American continent. The account appears to be local myth. The groom was said to be Juan Ortez (his name was spelled Ortiz), an interpreter for the expedition. He was a Spanish national who had been captured in Florida years before and held by Chief Uceta. He was finally released as a slave and lived for years with the Mocoso people. His bride was said to be Princess Saowana, daughter of Chief Uceta. But Uceta's daughter was documented as Uleleh and she married a cacique. The wedding is said to have taken place in Pontotoc County during a visit by de Soto's party, but there is little documentation of such an event. The mural was painted in 1939 by Joseph Pollet, who had immigrated as a child with his family from Germany. He was commissioned under the arts program of the federal Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression.[3]

The city holds a festival in the Town Square annually during the last week of the month of September called the Bodock Festival. It celebrates the Maclura pomifera (Osage orange) tree next to the historical mansion, Lochinvar, that survived a massive tornado hit in 2001. The festival is held over the last weekend, including Friday, of September.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.6 sq mi (25 km2), of which 9.4 sq mi (24 km2) is land and 0.2 sq mi (0.52 km2) (1.66%) is covered by water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870384
188044716.4%
189053519.7%
19001,01088.8%
19101,27726.4%
19201,274−0.2%
19302,01858.4%
19401,832−9.2%
19501,596−12.9%
19602,10832.1%
19703,45363.8%
19804,72336.8%
19904,570−3.2%
20005,25314.9%
20105,6257.1%
Est. 20166,109[1]8.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
The Town Square Museum/Post Office located in downtown Pontotoc
Pontotoc (lower left) is west of Tupelo (via Highway 278) and south of New Albany

As of the census[5] of 2010, 5,625 people, 2,325 households, and 2,129 families resided in the city. The population density was 555.9 people per square mile (214.6/km²). The 2,250 housing units averaged 238.1/sq mi (91.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.08% White, 20.42% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 7.39% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanics of any race were 2.76% of the population.

Of the 2,325 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were not families. About 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41, and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was distributed as 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,491, and for a family was $39,306. Males had a median income of $31,403 versus $23,491 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,324. About 12.0% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 23.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The city of Pontotoc is served by the Pontotoc City School District and the county is served by the Pontotoc County School District. North Pontotoc High School and South Pontotoc High School are two of the top academic schools in the state of Mississippi. North received the Blue Ribbon Award and South received Level 5, the highest rating for a school in Mississippi. The city's band was the Grand Champion in the state in 2017.[6]

Notable people[edit]

  • Terry "Harmonica" Bean, bluesman, is a lifelong resident of Pontotoc. Bean grew up around "downhome blues".[7]
  • Delaney Bramlett, singer, songwriter and musician, was born in Pontotoc.
  • Roger Wicker, U.S. Senator from Mississippi.
  • Thad Cochran, former U.S. Senator from Mississippi.
  • Alfred Oscar Coffin, the first African-American man to earn a Ph.D. in biological sciences, was born in Pontotoc on May 14, 1861. He graduated from Fisk University and earned his Ph.D. in Ohio Wesleyan University, writing a dissertation on the Mississippian culture, noted for their earthwork mounds. He later served as a professor of Romance languages at Langston University. He was known as an author, teacher, agent, and traveler. He died in Kansas City, Kansas, in 1933, and is buried there.[8]
  • Borden Deal, novelist and short-story writer, is from Pontotoc.
  • Ruby Elzy, a pioneer black opera singer, played the soprano role of Serena in George Gershwin's Porgy and Bess and became a star on Broadway, as well as a prominent radio, concert and film personality. Elzy is buried in Pontotoc's City Cemetery.
  • Lee Gates (born December 20, 1937), blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter, was born in Pontotoc.[9]
  • Cyrus Harris (Chickasaw, 1817 - 1888), born on a farm outside the town, lived here until 1827, and returned 1830-37. He was among the Chickasaw removed to Indian Territory. He served five terms as Governor of the Chickasaw Nation.
  • Kent Hull, former NFL Buffalo Bills center, is from Pontotoc.
  • Cowan F. "Bubba" Hyde, Negro League baseball player who played for the Birmingham Black Barons, was born in Pontotoc on April 10, 1908.[10]
  • Cordell Jackson, guitarist, was born in Pontotoc, and is thought to be the first woman to produce, engineer, arrange, and promote music on her own rock and roll music label.
  • Max Palmer, professional wrestler, is from Pontotoc.
  • Romie J. Palmer, Illinois jurist and legislator, was born in Pontotoc.
  • Jim Weatherly, singer, songwriter and musician, writer of song "Midnight Train to Georgia", and star Ole Miss quarterback, is from Pontotoc.
  • Elizabeth H. West, librarian and archivist, born in Pontotoc 1873.[11]
  • Steve Pegues, former major league professional baseball player, is also from Pontotoc.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Meghan Navarro, "The Wedding of Ortez and SaOwana - Christmas, 1540", Indians at the Post Office: Native Themes in New Deal-Era Murals, Postal Museum, Smithsonian Institution
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "MBA/MHSAA Class 1A/2A State Marching Championships" (PDF). Msbandmasters.com. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  7. ^ "Terry "Harmonica" Bean: Blues Musician, Pontotoc". Arts.state.ms.us. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "Alfred O. Coffin : Zoologist, Biologist". Webfiles.uci.edu. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  9. ^ Bob L. Eagle; Eric S. LeBlanc (May 2013). Blues: A Regional Experience. ABC-CLIO. p. 121. ISBN 978-0-313-34424-4. 
  10. ^ "Cowan F. "Bubba" Hyde Biography". Biography.jrank.org. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  11. ^ "Elizabeth Howard West: An Inventory of Her Papers, 1835-1939 and undated, at the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library". www.lib.utexas.edu. Texas Tech University. Retrieved January 13, 2016.