Pontypool Park

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Pontypool Park
Pontymoile Gates - geograph.org.uk - 835658.jpg
TypeSchool
LocationPontypool, Torfaen
Coordinates51°42′12″N 3°02′19″W / 51.7034°N 3.0386°W / 51.7034; -3.0386Coordinates: 51°42′12″N 3°02′19″W / 51.7034°N 3.0386°W / 51.7034; -3.0386
BuiltEarly 18th century
Listed Building – Grade II
Official nameSt. Alban's R.C. School
Designated2 July 1962
Reference no.3119
Listed Building – Grade II*
Official nameThe Valley Inheritance Museum
Designated2 July 1962
Reference no.3120
Listed Building – Grade II
Official nameDouble icehouse in Pontypool Park
Designated28 August 1997
Reference no.18811
Listed Building – Grade II*
Official nameShell Grotto
Designated2 July 1962
Reference no.3122
Listed Building – Grade II*
Official nameEntrance Gates to Pontypool Park.
Designated29 May 1997
Reference no.18466
Pontypool Park is located in Torfaen
Pontypool Park
Location of Pontypool Park in Torfaen

Pontypool Park (Welsh: Parc Pont-y-pŵl) is a 150-acre (0.61 km2) park in Pontypool, Torfaen, Wales. The park was formerly the grounds of Pontypool House and was laid out in the closing years of the 17th century for John Hanbury, an ironmaster, who is closely associated with Japanware. The grounds were purchased by the local authority in 1920, while the estate house was leased, and later sold, to the Sisters of the Holy Ghost to become St. Alban's RC High School. The former stables now house the Torfaen Museum. The grounds contain a number of structures including a double ice house, the Folly Tower and the Shell Grotto. The park is entered through the Pontymoile Gates. The gates, the grotto and the stables are all Grade II* listed structures, while the former hall and the ice house are listed Grade II.

History[edit]

John Hanbury (1664–1734) had developed the family ironworks at Pontypool into a successful commercial enterprise,[1] and began the creation of the Pontypool Park estate, although nothing of his 17th century house remains.[2] His second wife, Bridget Ayscough, was a close friend of Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, and this connection led to Hanbury's appointment as one of the executors of John Churchill's will.[3] The Pontymoile Gates, which now stand at the entrance to the park, were a gift from Sarah, and originally stood between Hanbury's house and the stables, before being moved to their present position in around 1835. They have a Grade II* listing.[4]

The present house at Pontypool Park was developed by John Hanbury (1744–1784) in the late 17th or very early 18th century.[5] Hanbury continued his grandfather's development both of the business and the estate and in around 1762, he built the folly tower as an eyecatcher.[6] His third son, Capel Hanbury, who subsequently appended Leigh to his surname, also worked to enhance the estate. Archdeacon Coxe stayed during his Welsh tours in 1799-1800, and described a visit to the tower in the company of Hanbury-Leigh and his wife: "From this eminence, the wild and fertile parts of Monmouthshire are beautifully combined. No traveller should quit Monmouthshire without enjoying the singular and almost boundless prospect".[7] In the 1830s, Hanbury Leigh undertook a large expansion of the house, doubling its size,[2] the construction of new stables to the northwest of the house, and the Shell Grotto in the park.[5] The stables, which now house the Torfaen Museum, are listed Grade II* on Cadw's historic buildings record.[8]

In the 1920s, the Hanbury Leigh's ended their connection with the Pontypool Park estate, giving the house to the Roman Catholic Church, and selling the gardens and park to Pontypool Urban District Council.[2] The house continues as a school,[9] and the park is maintained by Torfaen County Borough Council.[10]

Landscape[edit]

Location[edit]

The park occupies a large area to the east of Pontypool town centre. The main park starts at the Pontymoile Gates near New Inn and Pontymoile Basin, and finishes to the north close to St Alban's RC High School and Pontypool Museum. To the east the land rises to the tower and the grotto. Its western border follows the Afon Lwyd river and Pontypool Leisure Centre, and Italian Gardens are located close to the western periphery. There are landscaped areas such as the Italian Gardens (refurbished in 2006) and the Nant-y-Gollen Ponds (originally one large millpond used to power a forge downstream). Three main avenues divide the park; they all merge at the leisure centre near the park's centre.

Features[edit]

The park is set mostly to open grassland and mixed woodland with many old sweet chestnuts. One of the oldest, a 400-year-old hollow tree, was voted Welsh Tree of the Year for 2019.[11] In 1923, the Gorsedd stone circle was created in time for the park to host the 1924 National Eisteddfod of Wales.[12] There is also a double ice house near the old Pontypool House and Pontypool Museum. It has a Grade II listing.[13]

Pontypool's main leisure centre is located within the park. A dry ski slope was constructed in the park in 1975 and remains in use. The park also has outside tennis and netball courts and a bowling green. Pontypool RFC also is based in the park, at its 8,800-capacity stadium. There is also a bandstand that forms part of the venue (along with nearby Pontypool Museum) for the annual Jazz in the Park festival.

The Folly Tower is a three-storey tower near the eastern edge of the park. Originally constructed by John Hanbury in 1762, it was demolished during the Second World War, after fears that it would act as a marker for German aircraft.[14] The present tower is a replica, constructed in 1994.[15] A short distance from this folly is the Shell Grotto. Designed by S. Gunston Tit, the structure was commissioned by Capel Hanbury Leigh and built in the 1830s.[15] The garden historian Elisabeth Whittle describes the grotto as a "magnificant survivor".[16] The interior is decorated with shells and bones, reputedly the work of Hanbury Leigh's first wife, Molly Mackworth.[16] Both sites are open to the public at weekends from May to September. Restored in the 1990s, the grotto is a Grade II* listed building.[17]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schubert 1957, pp. 423-430.
  2. ^ a b c Cadw. "St. Alban's R.C. School  (Grade II) (3119)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  3. ^ "The Hanbury family of Pontypool industrialists". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  4. ^ Cadw. "Entrance gates to Pontypool Park  (Grade II*) (18466)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  5. ^ a b Newman 2000, pp. 480-482.
  6. ^ Newman 2000, p. 583.
  7. ^ Coxe 1995, p. 241.
  8. ^ Cadw. "The Valley Inheritance Museum  (Grade II*) (3120)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  9. ^ "St Albans RC High School". St Albans RC High School.
  10. ^ "Pontypool Park History". Torfaen County Borough. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  11. ^ "Wales's Tree of The Year 2019". Woodland Trust. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Gorsedd Stone Circle - Pontypool Park". Torfaen County Borough. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  13. ^ Cadw. "Double icehouse in Pontypool Park  (Grade II) (18811)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  14. ^ Newman 2000, p. 582.
  15. ^ a b Headley & Meulenkamp 1999, p. 105.
  16. ^ a b Whittle 1992, p. 71.
  17. ^ Cadw. "Shell Grotto  (Grade II*) (3112)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 6 September 2020.

Sources[edit]