Pooideae

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Pooideae
Briza media - keskmine värihein.jpg
Quaking grass (Briza media)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Clade: BOP clade
Subfamily: Pooideae
Subdivisions

See text.

The Pooideae are the largest subfamily of the grass family Poaceae, with about 4,000 species in 15 tribes and roughly 200 genera. They include some major cereals such as wheat, barley, oat, rye and many lawn and pasture grasses. They are often referred to as cool-season grasses, because they are distributed in temperate climates.[1] All of them use the C3 photosynthetic pathway.

The Pooideae are the sister group of the bamboos within the BOP clade, and are themselves subdivided into 15 tribes.[1]

Phylogeny[edit]

Relationships of tribes in the Pooideae according to a 2017 phylogenetic classification, also showing the bamboos as sister group:[1]

bamboos (Bambusoideae)

Pooideae

Brachyelytreae

Nardodae

Lygeeae

Nardeae

Duthieeae

Phaenospermateae

Melicodae

Brylkinieae

Meliceae

Stipodae

Stipeae

Ampelodesmeae

Diarrheneae

"core Pooideae"

Brachypodieae

Triticodae

Littledaleae

Bromeae

Triticeae

Poodae
Poeae
chloroplast group 1

Torreyochloinae

Phalaridinae

Anthoxanthinae

Aveninae

Agrostidodinae

Brizinae

Echinopogoninae

Agrostideae

Calothecinae

(Aveninae type)
chloroplast group 2

Coleanthinae

Poodinae

Miliinae

Poinae

Phleinae

Beckmanniinae

Cinninae

Alopecurinae

Ventenatinae

Sesleriinae

Holcinae

Scolochloinae

Airinae

Aristaveninae

Loliodinae

Loliinae

Dactylidinae

Cynosurinae

Parapholiinae

Ammochloinae

(Poinae type)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romaschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Teisher, Jordan K.; Clark, Lynn G.; Barberá, Patricia; Gillespie, Lynn J.; Zuloaga, Fernando O. (2017). "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae) II: An update and a comparison of two 2015 classifications". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 55 (4): 259–290. doi:10.1111/jse.12262. ISSN 1674-4918. open access

External links[edit]