Pooideae

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Pooideae
Briza media - keskmine värihein.jpg
Quaking grass (Briza media)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Subdivisions

See text.

The Pooideae are the largest subfamily of the grass family Poaceae, with over 4200 species in 14 tribes and roughly 200 genera. They include some major cereals such as wheat, barley, oat, rye and many lawn and pasture grasses. They are often referred to as cool-season grasses, because they are distributed in temperate climate.[1] All of them use the C3 photosynthetic pathway.

The Pooideae are the sister group of the bamboos within the BOP clade, and are themselves subdivided into 14 tribes.[1]

Phylogeny[edit]

Relationships of tribes in the Pooideae according to a 2015 phylogenetic classification, also showing the bamboos as sister group:[1]


bamboos (Bambusoideae)


Pooideae

Brachyelytreae





Lygeeae



Nardeae





Phaenospermateae





Brylkinieae



Meliceae






Ampelodesmeae



Stipeae





Diarrheneae


"core Pooideae"

Brachypodieae




Poeae


Triticodae

Littledaleae




Bromeae



Triticeae












References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Zuloaga, Fernando O.; Judziewicz, Emmet J.; Filgueiras, Tarciso S.; Davis, Jerrold I.; Morrone, Osvaldo (2015). "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae)". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 53 (2): 117–137. doi:10.1111/jse.12150. ISSN 1674-4918.  open access publication - free to read

External links[edit]