Pooideae

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Pooideae
Briza media - keskmine värihein.jpg
Quaking grass (Briza media)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Clade: BOP clade
Subfamily: Pooideae
Subdivisions

See text.

The Pooideae are the largest subfamily of the grass family Poaceae, with over 4,200 species in 14 tribes and roughly 200 genera. They include some major cereals such as wheat, barley, oat, rye and many lawn and pasture grasses. They are often referred to as cool-season grasses, because they are distributed in temperate climates.[1] All of them use the C3 photosynthetic pathway.

The Pooideae are the sister group of the bamboos within the BOP clade, and are themselves subdivided into 14 tribes.[1]

Phylogeny[edit]

Relationships of tribes in the Pooideae according to a 2015 phylogenetic classification, also showing the bamboos as sister group:[1]

bamboos (Bambusoideae)

Pooideae

Brachyelytreae

Lygeeae

Nardeae

Phaenospermateae

Brylkinieae

Meliceae

Ampelodesmeae

Stipeae

Diarrheneae

"core Pooideae"

Brachypodieae

Poeae

Triticodae

Littledaleae

Bromeae

Triticeae

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Zuloaga, Fernando O.; Judziewicz, Emmet J.; Filgueiras, Tarciso S.; Davis, Jerrold I.; Morrone, Osvaldo (2015). "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae)". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 53 (2): 117–137. doi:10.1111/jse.12150. ISSN 1674-4918. open access

External links[edit]