Pope Benedict II

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Pope Saint
Benedict II
BenedictII.jpg
Papacy began June 26, 684
Papacy ended May 8, 685[1]
Predecessor Leo II
Successor John V
Orders
Created Cardinal 5 December 680
by Agatho
Personal details
Born Rome, Byzantine Empire
Died May 8, 685 (aged 50)
Rome, Byzantine Empire. Location of tomb has since been lost.
Previous post Cardinal-Deacon (680-84)
Other popes named Benedict
Papal styles of
Pope Benedict II
Emblem of the Papacy SE.svg
Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Holy Father
Posthumous style Saint

Pope Benedict II (Latin: Benedictus II) was Pope from 26 June 684 to his death in 685. Pope Saint Benedict II's feast day is May 7.

Biography[edit]

Benedict was born in Rome.[2] It is possible that he was a member of the Savelli family, though this is not certain. Sent when young to the schola cantorum, he distinguished himself by his knowledge of the Scriptures and by his singing.[1]

The bishops of Rome were anciently chosen by the clergy and people of Rome, according to the discipline of those times; the Christian emperors were the head of the people, on which account their consent was required. But whilst they resided in the East, this condition produced often long delays and considerable inconveniences. Although chosen in 683, he was not ordained until 684 awaiting the permission of Emperor Constantine IV. According to the Liber Diurnus Romanorum Pontificum, he obtained from the Emperor a decree which either abolished imperial confirmations altogether or made them obtainable from the Exarch of Ravenna. This gave the power of confirmations of papal nominations directly to the Church and the people of Rome. Benedict symbolically adopted Constantine's two sons Justinian and Heraclius.[1]

To help to suppress Monothelitism, he endeavoured to secure the subscriptions of the bishops of Hispania to the decrees of the Third Council of Constantinople of 680/1, and to bring about the submission to the decrees of Macarius, the deposed bishop of Antioch.[1]

Restorations of numerous churches in Rome are ascribed to the less than a year's pontificate of Benedict II. After a pontificate of about eleven months, Pope Benedict II died on May 8, 685 and was buried in St. Peter's.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainMann, Horace (1907). "Pope St. Benedict II". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. 2. New York: Robert Appleton. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  2. ^ Butler, Alban. The Lives of the Saints. 1866
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Leo II
Pope
684–685
Succeeded by
John V