Pope County, Arkansas

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Pope County
Pope County Courthouse
Pope County Courthouse
Map of Arkansas highlighting Pope County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°25′35″N 93°01′55″W / 35.426388888889°N 93.031944444444°W / 35.426388888889; -93.031944444444
Country United States
State Arkansas
FoundedNovember 2, 1829
Named forJohn Pope
SeatRussellville
Largest cityRussellville
Area
 • Total831 sq mi (2,150 km2)
 • Land813 sq mi (2,110 km2)
 • Water18 sq mi (50 km2)  2.2%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total61,754
 • Estimate 
(2021)
65,028 [1]
 • Density74/sq mi (29/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.popecountyar.com

Pope County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,754.[1] The county seat is Russellville.[2] The county was formed on November 2, 1829, from a portion of Crawford County and named for John Pope, the third governor of the Arkansas Territory. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Pope County is part of the Russellville, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Civil War and Reconstruction[edit]

A large Democratic majority was ardently split into a "town or country" dichotomy at the local level. Further, the county was split between Union and Confederate sympathizers, with deep grudges held by both sides for grievances committed during the opposite's rule during the war. After the war, Republicans controlled local government and the Democrats controlled the county economy. The political situation and cultural differences kept tensions high between the groups, occasionally resulting in violence. The most violent episode came to be known as the Pope County Militia War, a six-month drama involving robbery, plundering and murder. The state-controlled militia eventually arrived to enforce martial law in the county, making the local Democrats who were providing armed resistance to Governor Powell Clayton's Republican army heroes to Confederate sympathizers around the state.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 831 square miles (2,150 km2), of which 813 square miles (2,110 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (2.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18301,483
18402,85092.2%
18504,71065.3%
18607,88367.4%
18708,3866.4%
188014,32270.8%
189019,45835.9%
190021,71511.6%
191024,52712.9%
192027,15310.7%
193026,547−2.2%
194025,682−3.3%
195023,291−9.3%
196021,177−9.1%
197028,60735.1%
198039,02136.4%
199045,88317.6%
200054,46918.7%
201061,75413.4%
2019 (est.)64,072[5]3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2017[10]
Age pyramid Pope County[11]

2020 census[edit]

Pope County racial composition[12]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 50,037 78.95%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,060 3.25%
Native American 456 0.72%
Asian 664 1.05%
Pacific Islander 23 0.04%
Other/Mixed 3,726 5.88%
Hispanic or Latino 6,415 10.12%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 63,381 people, 22,579 households, and 14,881 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[13] there were 54,469 people, 20,701 households, and 15,008 families residing in the county. The population density was 67 inhabitants per square mile (26/km2). There were 22,851 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.73% White, 2.61% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. 2.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,701 households, out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.50% under the age of 18, 11.60% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,069, and the median income for a family was $39,055. Males had a median income of $29,914 versus $19,307 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,918. About 11.60% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.80% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Over the past few election cycles, Pope County has trended heavily towards the GOP. The last Democrat (as of 2020) to carry this county was Bill Clinton in 1996.

United States presidential election results for Pope County, Arkansas[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 18,081 74.01% 5,772 23.62% 579 2.37%
2016 16,256 72.03% 5,000 22.15% 1,313 5.82%
2012 14,763 72.23% 5,126 25.08% 550 2.69%
2008 15,568 70.51% 6,002 27.18% 509 2.31%
2004 13,614 65.13% 7,100 33.97% 188 0.90%
2000 11,244 61.04% 6,669 36.20% 509 2.76%
1996 8,243 43.75% 8,433 44.76% 2,164 11.49%
1992 8,056 45.10% 7,704 43.13% 2,102 11.77%
1988 10,084 66.68% 4,941 32.67% 98 0.65%
1984 10,667 67.28% 5,082 32.05% 106 0.67%
1980 7,217 50.72% 6,364 44.72% 649 4.56%
1976 4,348 34.15% 8,355 65.62% 29 0.23%
1972 6,917 67.52% 3,302 32.23% 25 0.24%
1968 3,319 38.30% 2,578 29.75% 2,769 31.95%
1964 2,651 34.07% 4,972 63.91% 157 2.02%
1960 2,573 46.04% 2,760 49.38% 256 4.58%
1956 2,267 44.94% 2,753 54.57% 25 0.50%
1952 2,226 42.27% 3,036 57.65% 4 0.08%
1948 764 20.56% 2,525 67.95% 427 11.49%
1944 805 28.14% 2,048 71.58% 8 0.28%
1940 770 16.88% 3,765 82.55% 26 0.57%
1936 348 11.49% 2,678 88.38% 4 0.13%
1932 280 10.36% 2,391 88.49% 31 1.15%
1928 1,559 36.11% 2,735 63.35% 23 0.53%
1924 479 21.23% 1,581 70.08% 196 8.69%
1920 1,120 34.24% 2,082 63.65% 69 2.11%
1916 783 26.71% 2,148 73.29% 0 0.00%
1912 334 13.14% 1,517 59.70% 690 27.15%
1908 811 31.56% 1,664 64.75% 95 3.70%
1904 850 36.64% 1,424 61.38% 46 1.98%
1900 835 30.68% 1,871 68.74% 16 0.59%
1896 762 24.60% 2,315 74.75% 20 0.65%


Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Pope County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Pope County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [15][16]

Pope County formerly included 10 more townships. Allen Township was moved into Hogan Township around 1910, and Hill Township, Galla Creek Township, Independence Township, Lee Township, North Fork Township, Sand Spring Township, and Sulphur Township were also formerly active townships in Pope County. Holla Bend Township, containing the Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge, has also been disbanded.

Township FIPS code ANSI code
(GNIS ID)
Population
center(s)
Pop.
(2010)
Pop.
density
(/mi2)
Pop.
density
(/km2)
Land area
(mi2)
Land area
(km2)
Water area
(mi2)
Water area
(km2)
Geographic coordinates
Bayliss 05-90159 69697 708 24.6 9.5 28.81 74.62 0.0979 0.2536 35°24′10″N 93°14′06″W / 35.40278°N 93.23500°W / 35.40278; -93.23500
Burnett 05-90558 69698 452 20.9 8.1 21.65 56.07 0.1051 0.2722 35°19′10″N 92°52′33″W / 35.31944°N 92.87583°W / 35.31944; -92.87583
Center 05-90735 69699 515 36.8 14.2 13.99 36.23 0.0339 0.0878 35°24′20″N 92°57′16″W / 35.40556°N 92.95444°W / 35.40556; -92.95444
Clark 05-90813 69700 London 2969 115.3 44.6 25.73 66.64 6.0444 15.6549 35°19′45″N 93°14′46″W / 35.32917°N 93.24611°W / 35.32917; -93.24611
Convenience 05-90921 69701 933 50.4 19.4 18.53 47.99 0.0942 0.2440 35°20′00″N 92°56′41″W / 35.33333°N 92.94472°W / 35.33333; -92.94472
Dover 05-91134 69702 Dover 5277 119.1 46.0 44.29 114.7 0.3637 0.9420 35°23′30″N 93°07′01″W / 35.39167°N 93.11694°W / 35.39167; -93.11694
Freeman 05-91377 69703 98 0.8 0.3 119.78 310.2 0.0000 0.0000 35°39′10″N 93°04′06″W / 35.65278°N 93.06833°W / 35.65278; -93.06833
Galla 05-91407 69704 Pottsville 3523 88.7 34.3 39.71 102.8 1.8410 4.7682 35°13′15″N 93°02′46″W / 35.22083°N 93.04611°W / 35.22083; -93.04611
Griffin 05-91536 69705 901 26.5 10.2 33.96 87.96 0.1106 0.2865 35°25′30″N 92°52′36″W / 35.42500°N 92.87667°W / 35.42500; -92.87667
Gum Log 05-91560 69706 1420 71.6 27.6 19.84 51.39 0.0142 0.0368 35°16′30″N 92°59′51″W / 35.27500°N 92.99750°W / 35.27500; -92.99750
Illinois 05-91812 69707 Russellville 25841 540.9 208.9 47.77 123.7 6.6022 17.0996 35°17′00″N 93°07′46″W / 35.28333°N 93.12944°W / 35.28333; -93.12944
Jackson 05-91875 69708 Hector 1191 11.5 4.4 103.72 268.6 0.0505 0.1308 35°29′20″N 92°57′01″W / 35.48889°N 92.95028°W / 35.48889; -92.95028
Liberty 05-92181 69709 805 14.2 5.5 56.64 146.7 0.0028 0.0073 35°29′40″N 93°03′16″W / 35.49444°N 93.05444°W / 35.49444; -93.05444
Martin 05-92415 69710 1482 23.7 9.2 62.46 161.8 0.3931 1.0181 35°28′25″N 93°10′06″W / 35.47361°N 93.16833°W / 35.47361; -93.16833
Moreland 05-92553 69711 700 52.2 20.2 13.40 34.71 0.0683 0.1769 35°21′30″N 92°59′46″W / 35.35833°N 92.99611°W / 35.35833; -92.99611
Phoenix 05-92871 69712 334 26.7 10.3 12.51 32.40 0.0000 0.0000 35°24′30″N 93°00′31″W / 35.40833°N 93.00861°W / 35.40833; -93.00861
Smyrna 05-93420 69713 173 2.4 0.9 70.69 183.1 0.0218 0.0565 35°38′10″N 92°53′46″W / 35.63611°N 92.89611°W / 35.63611; -92.89611
Valley 05-93765 69714 2776 125.7 48.5 22.09 57.21 0.0144 0.0373 35°20′05″N 93°02′46″W / 35.33472°N 93.04611°W / 35.33472; -93.04611
Wilson 05-94089 69715 Atkins 4371 77.6 30.0 56.32 145.9 3.0305 7.8490 35°13′30″N 92°55′01″W / 35.22500°N 92.91694°W / 35.22500; -92.91694
Source: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Arsenault 1988, p. 29.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  5. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  11. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 1, 2022.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  15. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Pope County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
  16. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°25′35″N 93°01′55″W / 35.42639°N 93.03194°W / 35.42639; -93.03194