Pope County, Illinois

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Pope County, Illinois
Pope County Courthouse, Golconda.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Pope County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1816
Named for Nathaniel Pope
Seat Golconda
Largest city Golconda
Area
 • Total 374 sq mi (969 km2)
 • Land 369 sq mi (956 km2)
 • Water 5.5 sq mi (14 km2), 1.5%
Population
 • (2010) 4,470
 • Density 12/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.popeco.net

Pope County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 4,470,[1] making it the second-least populous county in Illinois. Its county seat is Golconda.[2] The county was organized in 1816 from portions of Gallatin and Johnson counties and named after Nathaniel Pope, a Secretary of the Illinois Territory.

History[edit]

The first permanent settlement was established in 1798 at the modern-day site of Golconda, operating as a ferry point across the Ohio River. Pope County was formed in 1816 from portions of Gallatin and Johnson counties.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 374 square miles (970 km2), of which 369 square miles (960 km2) is land and 5.5 square miles (14 km2) (1.5%) is water.[3]

The entire county is hilly and during rainy weather rivulets cascade down the hills in the park forming waterfalls of varying sizes and heights. The county contains Dixon Springs State Park, one of many state parks in the Illinois Shawnee Hills, and is part of the Shawnee National Forest. It is bordered to the south and east by the Ohio River, which marks the state's border with Kentucky.

Climate and weather[edit]

Golconda, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.5
 
 
41
21
 
 
3.7
 
 
47
24
 
 
4.7
 
 
57
33
 
 
4.8
 
 
68
42
 
 
5
 
 
76
52
 
 
4.2
 
 
84
60
 
 
4.2
 
 
87
65
 
 
3.5
 
 
87
63
 
 
3.2
 
 
80
55
 
 
3.2
 
 
70
43
 
 
4.4
 
 
57
34
 
 
4.3
 
 
46
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Golconda have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 2007. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.22 inches (82 mm) in October to 5.02 inches (128 mm) in May.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,610
1830 3,316 27.0%
1840 4,094 23.5%
1850 3,975 −2.9%
1860 6,742 69.6%
1870 11,437 69.6%
1880 13,256 15.9%
1890 14,016 5.7%
1900 13,585 −3.1%
1910 11,215 −17.4%
1920 9,625 −14.2%
1930 7,996 −16.9%
1940 7,999 0.0%
1950 5,779 −27.8%
1960 4,061 −29.7%
1970 3,857 −5.0%
1980 4,404 14.2%
1990 4,373 −0.7%
2000 4,413 0.9%
2010 4,470 1.3%
Est. 2016 4,157 [5] −7.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,470 people, 1,829 households, and 1,209 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 12.1 inhabitants per square mile (4.7/km2). There were 2,491 housing units at an average density of 6.8 per square mile (2.6/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 91.7% white, 6.0% black or African American, 0.6% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 31.8% were German, 19.1% were Irish, 11.4% were English, and 5.4% were American.[11]

Of the 1,829 households, 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.9% were non-families, and 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.72. The median age was 46.6 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,672 and the median income for a family was $51,500. Males had a median income of $45,865 versus $28,519 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,134. About 6.6% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Village[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • James L. Alcorn (1816-1894), born near Golconda, American Civil War general in the Union Army
  • John R. Hodge (1893-1963), born in Golconda; Military Governor of South Korea preceding the Korean War and Commanding General of the U.S. Third Army
  • C. L. McCormick (1919-1987), born in McCormick, Illinois state representative and businessman
  • Green B. Raum (1820-1909), born in Golconda, American Civil War general in the Union Army
  • James A. Rose (1850-1912), born in Golconda, Illinois Secretary of State

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 78.3% 1,678 17.5% 375 4.2% 89
2012 68.1% 1,512 29.3% 650 2.7% 60
2008 60.2% 1,343 37.9% 845 1.9% 43
2004 61.6% 1,500 37.7% 918 0.7% 18
2000 57.8% 1,346 39.8% 927 2.5% 57
1996 41.4% 850 44.6% 915 14.1% 289
1992 39.4% 951 44.1% 1,063 16.5% 397
1988 54.4% 1,202 45.1% 996 0.5% 10
1984 62.0% 1,545 37.7% 940 0.3% 7
1980 61.1% 1,501 35.9% 880 3.0% 74
1976 52.2% 1,187 47.0% 1,070 0.8% 18
1972 64.9% 1,440 34.9% 773 0.2% 5
1968 57.6% 1,307 32.3% 732 10.1% 229
1964 54.3% 1,329 45.7% 1,117
1960 63.4% 1,689 36.4% 971 0.2% 5
1956 66.6% 1,842 33.4% 922 0.0% 1
1952 67.5% 1,947 32.4% 933 0.1% 3
1948 65.4% 1,764 34.0% 916 0.6% 16
1944 73.0% 2,305 25.7% 813 1.3% 40
1940 65.8% 2,914 33.8% 1,499 0.4% 17
1936 61.3% 2,787 38.0% 1,728 0.7% 33
1932 53.9% 2,011 45.5% 1,697 0.6% 24
1928 74.1% 2,004 25.1% 679 0.9% 23
1924 66.5% 2,161 30.1% 978 3.4% 110
1920 77.4% 2,486 21.4% 687 1.2% 38
1916 70.1% 2,924 27.8% 1,158 2.1% 87
1912 45.8% 1,099 27.7% 664 26.6% 636
1908 67.8% 1,706 29.7% 748 2.5% 64
1904 68.6% 1,744 26.6% 676 4.8% 123
1900 66.0% 1,817 33.0% 908 1.0% 27
1896 63.0% 1,852 36.5% 1,074 0.5% 16
1892 58.5% 1,629 29.3% 816 12.2% 340

In its early days Pope County, being strongly Southern in its culture and opposed to Yankee Northern Illinois, was powerfully Democratic, giving a majority to that party in every pre-war Presidential election.

However, during the Civil War, under the influence of Congressman John A. Logan, this region of dubious initial loyalty was to provide a number of Union soldiers rivalled on a per capita basis only by a few fiercely Unionist counties in Appalachia.[14][15]

This level of Union service has meant that despite its historic hostility towards Yankee culture, Pope County has been powerfully Republican ever since the Civil War. Stephen A. Douglas in 1860 remains the last Democrat to win a majority of the county’s vote, although Bill Clinton won pluralities in both 1992 and 1996 due to Ross Perot siphoning votes from Republican opponents George Bush senior and Bob Dole. In contrast to her husband – but as typical of the Upland South where Pope County is located – Hilary Clinton in 2016 fared extremely poorly, carrying fewer than eighteen percent of Pope County’s votes. Hilary’s poor showing was very typical of her performance in the region due to opposition to the Democratic Party’s liberal views on social issues like homosexuality.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Golconda, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  14. ^ Wells, Damon; Stephen Douglas: The Last Years, 1857–1861, p. 285 ISBN 0292776357
  15. ^ Copeland, James E.; ‘Where Were the Kentucky Unionists and Secessionists’; The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, volume 71, no. 4 (October, 1973), pp. 344-363
  16. ^ Cohn, Nate; ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. Nearing That of Blacks to Democrats’, New York Times, April 24, 2014

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°25′N 88°34′W / 37.41°N 88.57°W / 37.41; -88.57