Pope Cyril II of Alexandria
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Cyril II of Alexandria
|Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark|
|Papacy began||18 March 1078|
|Papacy ended||6 June 1092|
|Died||6 June 1092
|Buried||Monastery of Saint Macarius the Great|
|Denomination||Coptic Orthodox Christian|
|Residence||The Hanging Church|
|Feast day||6 June (12 Paoni in the Coptic Calendar)|
Pope Cyril II of Alexandria, 67th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.
Patriarch Cyril attempted to ordain a properly consecrated bishop to be the new Abuna of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, but Badr al-Jamali, the Vizir of Caliph Al-Mustansir, forced him to ordain instead Abba Sawiros. Although at first warmly welcomed when he reached Ethiopia, the Caliph's candidate began to openly favor Islam in that Christian country by building seven mosques, ostensibly for the use of Muslim traders. This led to a general uproar in Ethiopia. Abuna Sawiros justified his acts by saying a refusal to build these mosques would result in a persecution in Egypt; nevertheless, the Abuna was imprisoned, the seven mosques destroyed, and restrictions placed on the Muslim traders. Reciprocal acts followed in Egypt, and a rupture in the relations between the two countries.
- J. Spencer Trimingham, Islam in Ethiopia (Oxford: Geoffrey Cumberlege for the University Press, 1952), pp. 65f.
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