|Papacy began||July or August 913|
|Papacy ended||February or March 914|
Sabina, Papal States
|Died||February or March 914
Rome, Papal States
Lando (also known as Landus) was Pope from either July or November 913 to his death in 914. His short pontificate fell during an obscure period in papal and Roman history, the so-called Saeculum obscurum (904–64). He was the last pope to use a papal name (in his case, his birth name) that had not been used previously until the election of Pope Francis in 2013.[a]
According to the Liber pontificalis, Lando was born in the Sabina, and his father was a wealthy man named Taino from Fornovo. The Liber also claims that his pontificate lasted only four months and twenty-two days. A different list of popes, appended to a continuation of the Liber pontificalis at the Abbey of Farfa, was quoted by Gregory of Catino in his Chronicon Farfense in the twelfth century. It gives Lando a pontificate of six months and twenty-six days. This is closer to the duration recorded by Flodoard of Reims of six months and ten days. The end of his pontificate can be dated to between 5 February 914, when he is mentioned in a document of Ravenna, and late March or early April, when his successor, John X, was elected.
Lando is thought to have been a candidate of Theophylact I, Count of Tusculum, who was the powerful man in Rome at the time. His family controlled papal finances through their monopoly of the office of vestararius, and also controlled the Roman militia and Senate. During his reign, Arab raiders, operating from their stronghold on the Garigliano river, destroyed the cathedral of Vescovio in Sabina. No document of Lando's chancery has survived. The only act of his reign that is recorded is a donation to his native diocese mentioned in a judicial act of 1431. Lando made a large personal gift to the diocese to restore the cathedral of San Salvatore at Vescovio so that the clergy who were then living at Toffia could return.
- Platina, Bartolomeo (1479), The Lives of the Popes from the Time of our Saviour Jesus Christ to the Accession of Gregory VII I, London: Griffith Farran & Co., p. 245, retrieved 2013-04-25
- Pietro Fedele, "Ricerche per la storia di Rome e del papato al. sec. X", Archivo della Reale Società Romana di Storia Patria, 33 (1910): 177–247.
- "Pope Lando". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- The Conclave: August 25–26, 1978. Accessed 2013-03-18.
- Umberto Longo, "Landone, papa", Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani 63 (2004).
- Harald Zimmerman, "Lando", in Philippe Levillain, ed., The Papacy: An Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, Gaius–Proxies (New York: Routledge, 2002), p. 896.
- "Lando", The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, ed. J. N. D. Kelly, (Oxford University Press, 1988), 121.
- Roger Collins, Keepers of the Keys of Heaven: A History of the Papacy, (Basic Books, 2009), 175.
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