Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria
Pope Tawadros II
|Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of All Africa on the Holy Apostolic See of Saint Mark the Evangelist of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria|
Pope Tawadros II
Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲑⲉⲟ́ⲇⲱⲣⲟⲥ ⲡⲓⲙⲁϩ ⲃ̅
البابا تواضروس الثانى
|Church||Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria|
|Archdiocese||Alexandria and all of Africa and Asia|
|Papacy began||18 November 2012|
(9 Hathor 1729)
|Consecration||15 June 1997|
(8 Paoni 1713)
by Shenouda III
|Birth name||Wagih Subhi Baqi Sulayman|
وجيه صبحى باقى سليمان
|Born||4 November 1952|
Mansoura, Kingdom of Egypt
|Denomination||Coptic Orthodox Christian|
|Residence||Coptic Orthodox Patriarchal Residence|
|Alma mater||University of Alexandria|
Pope Tawadros II (Coptic: Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲑⲉⲟ́ⲇⲱⲣⲟⲥ ⲡⲓⲙⲁϩ ⲃ̅', romanized: Papa Abba Theódōrōs II ; Arabic: البابا تواضروس الثاني, romanized: al-Bābā Tawāḍurūs al-ṯhānī, lit. 'Pope Theodore II') (born 4 November 1952; 25 Paopi 1668) is the 118th and current pope of Alexandria and patriarch of the See of St. Mark, succeeding the late Pope Shenouda III as leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. He took office on 18 November 2012 (9 Hathor 1729), two weeks after being selected.
Pope Tawadros II was born Waǧīh Ṣubḥī Bāqī Sulaymān (Coptic: Ⲟⲩⲁⲅⲓϩ Ⲥ̣ⲟⲩⲃ̣ϩ̣ⲓ Ⲃ̣ⲁⲕ̣ⲓ Ⲥⲟⲗⲟⲙⲱⲛ, Arabic: وجيه صبحى باقى سليمان) on 4 November 1952 (25 Paopi 1668) in the city of Mansoura in Egypt. He studied at the University of Alexandria, where he received a degree in pharmacy in 1975. After a few years of managing a state-owned pharmaceutical factory, he joined the Monastery of Saint Pishoy in Wadi Natrun to study theology for two years. He was ordained a priest in 1989 (1705–1706).
On 15 June 1997 (8 Paoni 1713), he was consecrated as a general bishop by his predecessor as pope, Shenouda III, with the Greek name of Theodoros, which translates to Tawadros in Coptic or Theodore in English. Arabic spelling: تاوضروس. He was assigned to serve in the Eparchy of Behira in the northwestern Delta.
The papal selection process began several weeks before the 18 November/9 Hathor selection. About 2,400 clergymen and others shortlisted three candidates: Bishop Tawadros, former aide to Metropolitan Pachomios; Bishop Raphael, General Bishop in Downtown Cairo; and Father Raphael Ava Mina, a monk in a monastery near Alexandria and disciple of the 116th pope, Cyril VI.
The ceremony to choose the pope from the three consensus candidates was held at Cairo's St. Mark's Cathedral at about noon, with a marked police presence. Metropolitan Pachomios, locum tenens of the Church, put slips bearing the candidates' names in a sealed chalice which was set upon the altar, then led the Divine Liturgy. He told the congregation to "pray that God will choose the good shepherd", and a blindfolded boy took a slip—Tawadros—from the chalice.
Bishop Pachomius formally announced that the sixty-year-old Bishop Tawadros was to be the 118th Pope, and would be Pope Tawadros II, after Pope Tawadros I (r. 730–742), who was consecrated 45th Coptic Patriarch and Pope during Egypt's Umayyad Period (658–750). Tawadros II said, from the monastery at Wadi Natrun, "[We] will start by organising the house from within. It is a responsibility. Most important is ... that the church, as an institution, serves the community". Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi congratulated Tawadros and called for Egyptian "unity" and "brotherly love" between Copts and Muslims. Bishop Raphael, who came first in the election stage of papal selection, was appointed general secretary of the Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Church.
Ordination history of
Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria
Pope Tawadros II started his papacy amid multiple changes in Egypt, saying that the Orthodox Church is committed to keeping Article 2 of Egypt's draft constitution intact, as it was in the old constitution. He later supported the withdrawal of the Egyptian churches from Egypt's Constituent Assembly despite efforts by the presidency to convince them to return.
On Palm Sunday in 2017, Pope Tawadros II celebrated the Divine Liturgy mass at the Cathedral of St. Mark in Alexandria just before the cathedral was bombed. The pope escaped unharmed. The ISIS took responsibility for the attack, killing at least 13 people and injuring at least 21.
Child Sexual Abuse Scandal
On the 14 of July 2020, Sally Zakhari began a series of posts on Facebook and Instagram (@Sallyzeee & @copticsurvivor) accusing Pope Tawadros of taking part in the systematic coverup of child sexual abuse within the Coptic Church. She accused the now defrocked Hegomen priest Reweis Aziz Khalil ( now Youssef Aziz Khalil) of sexual assault. Claiming that she had been assaulted around the age of 11-12 (1998-1999) and that she had reported the incident to many higher members of the church community of St. Mary and Archangel Michael's Coptic Orthodox Church in Orlando Florida.
An investigation was conducted by Fr. Samuel Thabet in Chicago. A leaked redacted report included summaries of interviews from 3 priests and 2 medical doctors, corroborated the claims of Sally. Two priest claimed that they had independently notified Bishop Youssef of the Coptic Orthodox Diocese of the Southern United States and the Papal Office. They claimed that Bishop Youssef was already aware of 4 other instances involving Khalil. Another priest indicated that he was aware of an incident where Khalil had raped a married woman during confession and also abused several young girls. No legal action or reporting to authorities occurred. The Doctors claimed that they had been put in contact with the victims of Khalil in order to give them psychological councillling. They indicated that they asked the victims not to report the incident in order to not defame the church and to prevent Khalil from being imprisoned and experiencing violence leading to his death in prison.
After receiving the internal church report of Khalil's actions Pope Tawadros did not defrock him. Khalil was sent to Egypt for a few years and returned to serve in North America until the allegations emerged. He was promoted to the title of Hegomen in the meantime.
Within 4 days of Sally's posting on social media, on 18 July 2020, Pope Tawadros finally defrocked Khalil from the priesthood. He refused to excommunicate Khalil because he was repentant.
Sally Zakhari has posted concerning several priests whom she has accused of sexually assaulting minors in the Coptic Church.
- Priest Shenouda Nawar was suspended from his service in England for sexually assaulting children in Australia on September 3, the day Sally brought the accusations to light
- Priest Samuel Salah Boulos was put on administrative leave from his service in the Virgin Islands, The public statement stated that considering the allegations and "previous substantiated misconduct" a new investigation would be launched. Again he was not reported to authorities. The report was issued on September 16, 32 days after Sally first accused him of misconduct.
- Priest Youssef Chehata was accused of assaulting 10 minors. Bishop Karas suspended him after year long investigation in January 2020. He was barred rom serving In the diocese of Pennsylvania following the investigation. He is still a priest and still served in North America. The assaults were not reported to the police.
- Priest Ishak Solomon and the Southern diocese of the United States were sued by a survivor under the pseudonym Stephanie M. for sexual assault and the coverup thereof in 2011
- Priest Antonios Baky, the Papal Secretary of the Coptic Orthodox Archdiocese of Northern California and the Western U.S. (ANCW), who was assigned to St. Mary and St. John Coptic Orthodox Church in Pleasanton, CA was put on administrative leave on October 20, 2020 following accusations of misconducts on the Archdiocese's Sexual Misconduct and Physical Abuse and Neglect Policy. Following a request for the notice to be removed from the website by the Baky's lawyers, the request was accepted Bishop David and the order was removed from the website on the same day.
On November 19, 2020, the Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests (SNAP), where they disagreed with the handling of sexual abuse within the Coptic Church, calling on Bishop David and Pope Tawadros to be transparent with their flock. Further they addressed the church's approach to the allegations against Priest Antonios Baky saying "The Church investigation should only be conducted by someone outside of Fr. Baky’s diocese, and that the priest should be removed from ministry pending the outcome."
Views and issues
Pope Tawadros II has stated that the 2011 Egyptian revolution was a turning point in the Coptic Church's relations with its youth. Amongst his first tasks is the issue of Egypt's changing political landscape, given the new constitution and more independent-minded congregants who seek their demands outside the church in dealing with the state.
In a short televised speech in July 2013 (Paoni 1729), Pope Tawadros II supported the removal of Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi and institution of a transitional government dominated by the president of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt, Adly Mansour who acted as a temporary president at the time.
On 8 May 2013 (30 Parmouti 1729), Pope Tawadros II met with Pope Francis, bishop of Rome and supreme pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church, in Vatican City. This was the first meeting of the two recently elected church leaders and only the second gathering of popes in Italy in 1,500 years. The last visit of a Coptic pope to the Vatican occurred on 10 May 1973 (2 Pashons 1689) when then-Pope Shenouda III met with then-Pope Paul VI where they signed an important Christological declaration with the ambition to initiate ecumenical dialogue between the two ancient churches. On 10 May/2 Pashons, Pope Tawadros II and Pope Francis held a shared prayer followed by a reception with the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity and other dicasteries of the Roman Curia. Pope Tawadros II also visited the tombs of the Apostle Peter, the first bishop of Antioch, who Roman Catholics hold to be the first pope of the Roman Catholic Church, and the Apostle Paul. Additionally, Pope Tawadros II visited Copts in Rome.
On 27 November 2015 (17 Hathor 1732), Pope Tawadros II made the first Coptic papal visit to Jerusalem since 1832 (1548–1549), especially controversial as Pope Shenouda III had boycotted Jerusalem for four decades over the Arab–Israeli conflict. The purpose of the visit was the funeral of Archbishop Anba Abraham, rather than to formally end the boycott.
On 4 September 2016 (29 Mesori 1732), Pope Tawadros II visited King Abdullah of Jordan at the Royal Palace in Amman, his first visit to Jordan, before attending the general assembly of the Middle East Council of Churches on 6–8 September (1–3 Pi Kogi Enavot). The pope also visited Mount Nebo and the baptism site of John the Baptist, and praised King Abdullah and Jordan for encouraging religious tolerance and protecting holy sites.
In September 2017, Pope Tawadros II visited Sydney, Australia for the first time as Pope. On 10 September 2017 (8 Mesori 1733), Pope Tawadros II visited Melbourne to officially open Eporo Tower in the diocese of Melbourne and Affiliated Regions.
On 21 February 2015 (Meshir 14, 1731), Pope Tawadros II announced that 21 Copts murdered by the Islamic State in Libya would be commemorated as martyr saints on the 8th of Meshir of the Coptic calendar (15 February of the Gregorian calendar). The commemoration falls on the feast day of the Presentation of Jesus at the Temple.
This article is missing information about the people who did the ordaining.November 2020)(
Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria, ordained bishop on 15 June 1997 by :
Bishop Athanasious, Metropolitan of Bany Sweif, ordained bishop in 1925 by:
Bishop Isak, Bishop of Bahnasa, Fayoum and El-Giza, ordained bishop before 1842 by:
Bishop Boutrous, Metropolitan of Gerga and Akhmim, ordained in 1751 by:
Bishop Athanasius, Bishop of Jerusalem, ordained in 1720 by:
Bishop Khristotholos, Metropolitan of Ethiopia, ordained bishop in 1665 by:
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تم اختيار نيافته سكرتيرًا للمجمع المقدس عام 2012 م. وذلك في بداية حبرية قداسة البابا تواضروس الثاني. حيث سيستمر "سكرتير المجمع" لمدة ثلاثة سنوات، وبعدها يتم اختيار آخر.. وهكذا.. ولكن الأنبا بيشوي قضى في هذه الوظيفة من عام 1985 م. حتى اختيار أنبا رافائيل، وذلك لأن مثلث الرحمات قداسة البابا شنوده الثالث كان يريد نوعًا من الاستقرار في الكنيسة.. وكان الأنبا يوأنس في هذه المهمة قبل الأنبا بيشوي.
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