Pope Timothy II of Alexandria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Saint

Timothy II of Alexandria
Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark
Papacy began457
Papacy ended31 July 477
PredecessorDioscorus the Great
SuccessorPeter III
Personal details
BornEgypt
Died31 July 477
BuriedSaint Mark's Church
NationalityEgyptian
DenominationCoptic Orthodox Christian
ResidenceSaint Mark's Church
Sainthood
Feast day31 July Julian Calendar (7 Mesra in the Coptic Calendar)
Venerated inCoptic Orthodox Church

Pope Timothy II of Alexandria (died 477), also known as Αἴλουρος/Aelurus (from Greek cat because of his small build or in this case probably "weasel"[1]), succeeded twice in supplanting the Chalcedonian Patriarch of Alexandria.

He was elected and consecrated after the death of the exiled Dioscorus of Alexandria in 454 by the Miaphysite opponents of the Council of Chalcedon and became a rival of the Pro-Chalcedon bishop Proterius.

According to Pro-Chalcedon Sources, after Proterius of Alexandria, has been installed as Patriarch after the Council of Chalcedon, he was murdered at Timothy's instigation at the baptistery during Easter,[2] . In the Anti-Chalcedon Sources, Proterius was murdered on the order of the Byzantine General in Charge of Egypt after a heated exchange [3]

In 460, the Emperor expelled him from Alexandria and installed the Chalcedonian Timothy III Salophakiolos as Patriarch.

An uprising in 475 again brought Timothy II back to Alexandria, where he ruled as Patriarch until his death.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philip Jenkins,Jesus Wars (2010) pp 221
  2. ^ Philip Jenkins,Jesus Wars (2010) pp 222
  3. ^ http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/zachariah04.htm

Sources[edit]

  • Meyendorff, John (1989). Imperial unity and Christian divisions: The Church 450-680 A.D. The Church in history. 2. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press.
  • "Timotheos II, Ailuros (457–460)". Official web site of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa. Retrieved 2011-02-07.
  • البابا تيموثاوس الثاني [Pope Timothy II] (in Arabic). Official website of St. Takla Haymanot's Church. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
Preceded by
Dioscorus I
Coptic Pope
454–477
Succeeded by
Peter III