Poplar (UK Parliament constituency)

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Poplar
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one
Replaced by Poplar South
Created from Tower Hamlets
19501974 (1974)
Number of members one
Replaced by Stepney and Poplar
Created from Bow and Bromley and Poplar South

Poplar was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Poplar district of the East End of London. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

History[edit]

The constituency was created for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1918 general election, when with very minor boundary changes it was replaced by the new constituency of Poplar South. A small amount of the constituency's territory was added to Bow and Bromley.

It was re-established for the 1950 general election, and abolished again for the February 1974 general election. It was then partly replaced by the new Stepney and Poplar constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

Poplar in London, 1885-1918
Poplar in London, 1950-74
Poplar Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg

1885-1918: In 1885 the area was administered as part of the county of Middlesex. It was located in the Tower division, in the east of the historic county. The neighbourhood of Poplar formed a division of the parliamentary borough of Tower Hamlets. The parliamentary division was part of the East End of London.

In 1889 the Tower division of Middlesex was severed from the county, for administrative purposes. It became part of the County of London. In 1900 the lower tier of local government in London was re-modelled. Poplar constituency became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Poplar.

1950-1974: When a re-distribution of parliamentary seats took effect in 1950, the constituency was re-created. It then included the whole of the Metropolitan Borough of Poplar.

In 1965 the Metropolitan Borough was incorporated in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets in Greater London.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Henry Green Liberal
1886 Sydney Buxton Liberal
1914 b-e Alfred Yeo Liberal
1918 constituency abolished: see Poplar South & Bow and Bromley
1950 constituency re-created
1950 Charles Key Labour
1964 Ian Mikardo Labour
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see Stepney and Poplar

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Tower Hamlets, Poplar
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Green 4,090 65.9 n/a
Conservative Denzil R. Onslow 2,113 34.1 n/a
Majority 1,977 31.8 n/a
Turnout 9,041 68.6 n/a
Liberal win
Sydney Buxton
General Election 1886: Tower Hamlets, Poplar
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sydney Buxton 2,903 50.7
Conservative Alfred Welby 2,827 49.3
Majority 76 1.4
Turnout 9,041 63.4
Liberal hold Swing -15.2

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Tower Hamlets, Poplar
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sydney Buxton 5,007 62.7
Conservative Alfred Welby 2,975 37.3
Majority 2,032 25.4
Turnout 10,348 77.1
Liberal hold Swing +12.0
General Election 1895: Tower Hamlets, Poplar
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sydney Buxton 3,939 55.9
Conservative William Pelham Bullivant 3,110 44.1
Majority 829 11.8
Turnout 9,684 72.8
Liberal hold Swing -6.8

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Tower Hamlets, Poplar
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sydney Buxton 3,992 58.4
Conservative William Pelham Bullivant 2,840 41.6
Majority 1,152 16.8
Turnout 10,009 68.3
Liberal hold Swing +2.5
General Election 1906: Tower Hamlets, Poplar
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sydney Buxton 4,546 67.0
Conservative George Borwick 2,235 33.0
Majority 2,311 34.0
Turnout 9,088 74.6
Liberal hold Swing +8.6

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Tower Hamlets, Poplar
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sydney Buxton 4,172 57.2
Conservative Leslie Orme Wilson 3,125 42.8
Majority 1,047 14.4
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing -9.8
General Election December 1910
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sydney Buxton 3,977 64.9
Conservative Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett 2,148 35.1
Majority 1,829 29.8
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing +7.7
Alfred Yeo
Poplar by-election, 1914
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred William Yeo 3,548 46.0
Conservative Robin S. Kerr-Clark 3,270 42.4
British Socialist Party Jack Jones 893 11.6
Majority 278 3.6
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing -13.1

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Poplar[1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Key 30,756 78.23 N/A
Conservative Richard Lonsdale 6,088 15.48 N/A
Liberal Joseph F Purkis 1,933 4.92 N/A
Communist H Watson 540 1.37 N/A
Majority 24,668 62.74 N/A
Turnout 39,317 78.39 N/A
Registered electors 50,154
Labour win (new seat)
General Election 1951: Poplar[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Key 31,377 82.03 +3.80
Conservative Peter Emery 6,875 17.97 +2.49
Majority 24,502 64.05 +1.31
Turnout 38,252 75.73 -2.66
Registered electors 50,509
Labour hold Swing +0.66
General Election 1955: Poplar[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Key 25,642 81.52 -0.51
Conservative Gerard Vaughan 5,814 18.48 +0.51
Majority 19,828 63.03 -1.02
Turnout 31,456 64.15 -11.58
Registered electors 49,038
Labour hold Swing -0.51
General Election 1959: Poplar[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Key 22,506 77.23 -4.29
Conservative Peter Blair Black 6,635 22.77 +4.29
Majority 15,871 54.46 -8.57
Turnout 29,141 65.62 +1.57
Registered electors 44,412
Labour hold Swing -4.29

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Poplar[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ian Mikardo 20,271 77.71 +0.48
Conservative Kenneth Baker 5,813 22.29 -0.48
Majority 14,458 55.43 +0.96
Turnout 26,084 58.28 -7.34
Registered electors 44,756
Labour hold Swing +0.48
General Election 1966: Poplar[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ian Mikardo 21,071 84.51 +6.80
Conservative Roger Holloway 3,863 15.49 -6.80
Majority 17,208 69.01 +13.58
Turnout 24,934 57.67 -0.61
Registered electors 43,236
Labour hold Swing +6.80

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Poplar[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ian Mikardo 16,520 80.37 -4.14
Conservative Ronald C Denney 4,036 19.63 +4.14
Majority 12,484 60.73 -8.28
Turnout 20,556 49.05 -8.62
Registered electors 41,908
Labour hold Swing -4.14

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results February 1950". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results February 1951". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results February 1955". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  6. ^ [3]
  7. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  8. ^ [4]
  9. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  10. ^ [5]
  11. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  12. ^ [6]
  13. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1970". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  14. ^ [7]