Poppa of Bayeux

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Poppa of Bayeux
Statue de Poppa de Bayeux.jpg
Poppa of Bayeux's statue, Place de Gualle, Bayeux
Born c. 880[1]
Bayeux, West Francia
Noble family House of Normandy (by marriage)
Spouse(s) Rollo (perhaps more danico)
Issue
William I Longsword
Gerloc (baptismal name Adela)
Father Berengar II of Neustria or Guy de Senlis
Mother Adelind, Adela of Vermandois or Cunegundis

Poppa of Bayeux (born circa 880), was the Christian wife or mistress [2] (perhaps more danico)[3] of the Viking conqueror Rollo. She was the mother of William I Longsword, Gerloc[4][5] and grandmother of Richard the Fearless, who forged the Duchy of Normandy into a great fief of medieval France.[6] Dudo of Saint-Quentin, in his panegyric of the Norman dukes, describes her as the daughter of a "Count Berengar", the dominant prince of that region, who was captured at Bayeux by Rollo in 885 or 889, shortly after the siege of Paris.[7] This has led to speculation that she was the daughter of Berengar II of Neustria.[8][9]

There are different opinions among medieval genealogy experts about Poppa's family. Christian Settipani says her parents were Guy de Senlis and Cunegundis, the daughter of Pepin, Count of Vermandois, and sister of Herbert I, Count of Vermandois.[10] Katherine Keats-Rohan states she was the daughter of Berengar II of Neustria by Adelind, whose father was Henry, Margrave of the Franks, or Adela of Vermandois.[11] Despite the uncertainty of her parentage, she undoubtedly was a member of the Frankish aristocracy.[12] A statue of Poppa stands at the Place de Gaulle in Bayeux.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck. La préhistoire des Capétiens: 481-987. P. Van Kerrebrouck, 1993. p 221
  2. ^ Stewart Baldwin (2004-08-02). "Poppa, tenth century, wife of Rollo of Normandy". Retrieved 2018-09-29. Archived 2018-09-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Philip Lyndon Reynolds, Marriage in the Western Church: The Christianization of Marriage during the Patristic and Early Medieval Periods (E.J. Brill, Leiden, New York, 1994), pp. 110-111
  4. ^ François Neveux, La Normandie des ducs aux rois: Xe-XIIe siècle, (Editions Ouest-France, 1998), p.125
  5. ^ David Crouch, The Normans: The History of a Dynasty, (A&C Black, 2006), p.5
  6. ^ Eleanor Searle, Predatory Kinship and the Creation of Norman Power, 840–1066 (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1988), p. 89
  7. ^ David C. Douglas, 'Rollo of Normandy', The English Historical Review, Vol. 57, No. 228 (Oct., 1942), p. 417
  8. ^ Pierre Bouet, Rollon: Le chef viking qui fonda la Normandie, (Tallandier, Paris, 2016), p. 96
  9. ^ Elisabeth van Houts. The Normans in Europe. Manchester University Press, 2000. p 30
  10. ^ Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck. La préhistoire des Capétiens: 481-987. P. Van Kerrebrouck, 1993. p 221
  11. ^ Stewart Baldwin (2004-08-02). "Poppa, tenth century, wife of Rollo of Normandy". Retrieved 2018-09-29. Archived 2018-09-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ François Neveux. Claire Ruelle, A brief history of the Normans: the conquests that changed the face of Europe (Robinson, 2008), p. 60-61
  13. ^ Pierre Bouet, Rollon: Le chef viking qui fonda la Normandie, (Tallandier, Paris, 2016), p.235