Porosozero

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Porosozero (English)
Поросозеро (Russian)
Porajärvi (Finnish)
-  Rural locality  -
Settlement[citation needed]
Map of Russia - Republic of Karelia (2008-03).svg
Location of the Republic of Karelia in Russia
Porosozero is located in Karelia
Porosozero
Porosozero
Location of Porosozero in the Republic of Karelia
Coordinates: 62°58′37″N 32°19′00″E / 62.97694°N 32.31667°E / 62.97694; 32.31667Coordinates: 62°58′37″N 32°19′00″E / 62.97694°N 32.31667°E / 62.97694; 32.31667
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Karelia
Administrative district Suoyarvsky District[citation needed]
Municipal status
Municipal district Suoyarvsky Municipal District[citation needed]
Rural settlement Porosozerskoye Rural Settlement[citation needed]
Statistics
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[1]
Repola and Porajärvi in 1920. The border between Finland and Soviet Union after 1940 is also shown.

Porosozero (Russian: Поросозеро; Finnish: Porajärvi) is a rural locality (a settlement) in Suoyarvsky District of the Republic of Karelia, located along the Suna River. Municipally, it is a part and the administrative center of Porosozerskoye Rural Settlement of Suoyarvsky Municipal District. Population: 3,529 (2002 Census);[2] 4,406 (1989 Census).[3]

Before 1920 it was a municipality in the Ladoga Karelia by the Finnish border. The main source of livelihood is the forest industry.

History[edit]

The municipality of Porajärvi was established in 1873.

After Finland's declaration of independence the parish became an issue in Finnish-Russian relations when its population held a vote in August 1918 to join Finland. The Finnish Army moved to occupy Porajärvi in October. In the 1920 Treaty of Tartu, Finland gave up her claims on Porajärvi and the neighboring Repola, and instead received Petsamo in the far north.

The inhabitants of Porajärvi, however, did not give up, and in 1921 they started a rebellion against the Bolsheviks. The resistance movement, the Metsäsissit (literally Forest Guerillas) recruited volunteers from Finland and managed to capture large parts of East Karelia. The Bolsheviks fought back, and in 1922 the last guerillas withdrew to Finland.

During the negotiations preceding the Winter War, Joseph Stalin offered Repola and Porajärvi in exchange for a smaller area on the Karelian Isthmus. The offer was rejected.[4]

Repola was occupied in 1941–1944 by the Finnish 14th Division during the Continuation War, until it was recaptured by Soviet forces.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  2. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  3. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ Tanner, Väinö (1957), The winter war: Finland against Russia, 1939-1940, Stanford University Press, p. 29, ISBN 0-8047-0482-1