Porangahau

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Porangahau
Porangahau is located in North Island
Porangahau
Porangahau
Coordinates: 40°18′07″S 176°36′45″E / 40.3019°S 176.6126°E / -40.3019; 176.6126
CountryNew Zealand
RegionHawke's Bay
Territorial authorityCentral Hawke's Bay District

Porangahau, a township close to the Pacific Ocean coast in the south-east of the North Island of New Zealand, has a very small population. It lies in the southernmost part of Hawke's Bay, 45 kilometres south of Waipukurau, and close to the mouth of the Porangahau River. There settlement includes a marae and a school.

The Māori name Porangahau expresses the idea of a night (po) of pursuit or of retreat (rangahau).[1]

Six kilometres northeast of the township stands an insubstantial hill, with the longest place name in the world: Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu.[2][3]

The area west of the main township, known as Mangaorapa, was used for sheep farming during the 20th century.[4] The area has more recently been used for cattle farming and wine growing.[5] The 2370 hectare Mangaorapa Station was the most expensive farm in Central Hawke's Bay when it was sold in 2005.[6]

Marae[edit]

The local Rongomaraeroa Marae and its meeting house, Te Poho o Kahungunu, are affiliated with the Ngāti Kahungunu hapū of Ngāti Hinetewai, Ngāti Kere, Ngāti Manuhiri, Ngāti Pihere and Tamatea Hinepare o Kahungunu.[7][8]

Education[edit]

Porangahau School is a Year 1–8 co-educational state primary school.[9] It is a decile 4 school with a roll of as of March 2019.[10][11]

Mangaorapa School merged with Porangahau School at the end of 2014.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reed, Alexander Wyclif (2002) [1975]. Peter Dowling (ed.). The Reed dictionary of New Zealand place names. Max Cryer (2002 ed.). Auckland: Reed. p. 402. ISBN 0-7900-0761-4. The inhabitants of Heretaunga once had to make a hurried retreat from their enemies at this place.
  2. ^ Reed New Zealand atlas (2004). Auckland: Reed Publishing. Map 50.
  3. ^ "Porangahau - Home to the longest place name in the world"
  4. ^ Pascoe, John. "Land girls on horseback, Mangaorapa, Hawke's Bay". natlib.govt.nz. National Library of New Zealand.
  5. ^ "About Mangaorapa Estate". mangaorapa.co.nz. Mangaorapa Estate.
  6. ^ "HB farm may have sold for $27m". Hawke's Bay Today. New Zealand Herald.
  7. ^ "Te Kāhui Māngai directory". tkm.govt.nz. Te Puni Kōkiri.
  8. ^ "Māori Maps". maorimaps.com. Te Potiki National Trust.
  9. ^ "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  10. ^ "Directory of Schools - as at 3 April 2019". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  11. ^ "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  12. ^ "Merger of Porangahau School (2646) and Mangaorapa School (2596)". gazette.govt.nz. Department of Internal Affairs. 18 December 2014.

Coordinates: 40°18′07″S 176°36′45″E / 40.3019°S 176.6126°E / -40.3019; 176.6126