Pōrangahau

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Pōrangahau
Coordinates: 40°18′07″S 176°36′45″E / 40.3019°S 176.6126°E / -40.3019; 176.6126Coordinates: 40°18′07″S 176°36′45″E / 40.3019°S 176.6126°E / -40.3019; 176.6126
CountryNew Zealand
RegionHawke's Bay
Territorial authorityCentral Hawke's Bay District
WardAramoana/Ruahine
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total141

Pōrangahau, a township close to the Pacific Ocean coast in the south-east of the North Island of New Zealand, has a very small population. It lies in the southernmost part of Hawke's Bay, 45 kilometres south of Waipukurau, and close to the mouth of the Porangahau River. The settlement includes a marae and a school.

The Māori name Pōrangahau expresses the idea of a night () of pursuit or of retreat (rangahau).[2]

Six kilometres southwest of the township stands an insubstantial hill, with the longest place name in the world: Taumata­whakatangihanga­koauau­o­tamatea­turi­pukaka­piki­maunga­horo­nuku­pokai­whenua­ki­tana­tahu.[3][4]

The area west of the main township, known as Mangaorapa, was used for sheep farming during the 20th century.[5] The area has more recently been used for cattle farming and wine growing.[6] The 2370 hectare Mangaorapa Station was the most expensive farm in Central Hawke's Bay when it was sold in 2005.[7]

Demographics[edit]

The population of Pōrangahau was 141 in the 2018 census, an increase of 39 from 2013. There were 72 males and 69 females. 42.6% of people identified as European/Pākehā, 70.2% as Māori and 12.8% as Pacific peoples. 23.4% were under 15 years old, 12.8% were 15–29, 44.7% were 30–64, and 21.3% were 65 or older.[1]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
20061,758—    
20131,662−0.80%
20181,893+2.64%
Source: [8]

The statistical area of Taurekaitai, which at 1154 square kilometres is much larger than this township, had a population of 1,893 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 231 people (13.9%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 135 people (7.7%) since the 2006 census. There were 714 households. There were 966 males and 927 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.04 males per female. The median age was 44.6 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 417 people (22.0%) aged under 15 years, 225 (11.9%) aged 15 to 29, 900 (47.5%) aged 30 to 64, and 354 (18.7%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 86.4% European/Pākehā, 19.5% Māori, 2.5% Pacific peoples, 0.3% Asian, and 1.1% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 9.2%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 50.4% had no religion, 40.6% were Christian, 0.3% were Buddhist and 1.7% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 261 (17.7%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 285 (19.3%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $31,900, compared with $31,800 nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 753 (51.0%) people were employed full-time, 279 (18.9%) were part-time, and 42 (2.8%) were unemployed.[8]

Marae[edit]

The local Rongomaraeroa Marae and its meeting house, Te Poho o Kahungunu, are affiliated with the Ngāti Kahungunu hapū of Ngāti Hinetewai, Ngāti Kere, Ngāti Manuhiri, Ngāti Pihere and Tamatea Hinepare o Kahungunu.[9][10]

Education[edit]

Porangahau School is a Year 1–8 co-educational state primary school.[11] It is a decile 4 school with a roll of 74 as of November 2021.[12][13]

Mangaorapa School merged with Porangahau School at the end of 2014.[14]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Age and sex by ethnic group (grouped total response), for census usually resident population counts, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (urban rural areas)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  2. ^ Reed, Alexander Wyclif (2002) [1975]. Peter Dowling (ed.). The Reed dictionary of New Zealand place names. Max Cryer (2002 ed.). Auckland: Reed. p. 402. ISBN 0-7900-0761-4. The inhabitants of Heretaunga once had to make a hurried retreat from their enemies at this place.
  3. ^ Reed New Zealand atlas (2004). Auckland: Reed Publishing. Map 50.
  4. ^ "Porangahau – Home to the longest place name in the world"
  5. ^ Pascoe, John (January 1943). "Land girls on horseback, Mangaorapa, Hawke's Bay". natlib.govt.nz. National Library of New Zealand.
  6. ^ "About Mangaorapa Estate". mangaorapa.co.nz. Mangaorapa Estate.
  7. ^ "HB farm may have sold for $27m". Hawke's Bay Today. The New Zealand Herald. 15 August 2005.
  8. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Taurekaitai (216100). 2018 Census place summary: Taurekaitai
  9. ^ "Te Kāhui Māngai directory". tkm.govt.nz. Te Puni Kōkiri.
  10. ^ "Māori Maps". maorimaps.com. Te Potiki National Trust.
  11. ^ "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  12. ^ "New Zealand Schools Directory". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 22 December 2021.
  13. ^ "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  14. ^ "Merger of Porangahau School (2646) and Mangaorapa School (2596)". gazette.govt.nz. Department of Internal Affairs. 18 December 2014.