Porcellanite

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Porcellanite from the Czech Republic

Porcellanite or porcelanite, is a hard, dense rock somewhat similar in appearance to unglazed porcelain. It is often an impure variety of chert containing clay and calcareous matter.[1] Porcellanite has been found, for example, in Northern Ireland, Poland and the Czech Republic.

Tievebulliagh[edit]

Porcellanite layer is the black rock above the hammer, and below the brown layer higher up the slope at Tievebulliagh
Porcellanite worked into Neolithic axes, Northern Ireland

At Tievebulliagh, Northern Ireland, porcellanite is a tough contact metamorphosed hornfels formed from a lateritic soil horizon within a basaltic intrusive/extrusive sequence. The rock is black to dark grey in colour. Tievebulliagh is the site of a Neolithic axe or stone tool quarry, and there is another quarry on Rathlin Island.[2] It is likely that roughouts or roughly-shaped prehistoric tools (celts) were chipped on site before transportation both within Ireland and over the Irish Sea to Britain.[citation needed] It is also likely that the final polish would have been performed near the site of use in cutting vegetation and trees.[citation needed] It was commonly polished on grooved blocks of hard sandstone.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (20 July 1998). "Porcellanite". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  2. ^ "Tievebulliagh". Geological Sites in Northern Ireland — Earth Science Conservation Review. Habitas — National Museums Northern Ireland. 3 May 2003. Retrieved 28 March 2017.