Pordenone

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Pordenone
Comune
Comune di Pordenone
Pordenone City Hall and Campanile
Pordenone City Hall and Campanile
Pordenone is located in Italy
Pordenone
Pordenone
Location of Pordenone in Italy
Coordinates: 45°58′N 12°39′E / 45.967°N 12.650°E / 45.967; 12.650
Country Italy
Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Province Pordenone (PN)
Frazioni Borgomeduna, Rorai Grande, San Gregorio, Torre, Vallenoncello, Villanova di Pordenone
Government
 • Mayor Claudio Pedrotti (from 30 May 2011)
Area
 • Total 38.2 km2 (14.7 sq mi)
Elevation 24 m (79 ft)
Population (31 December 2010)
 • Total 51,723
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Pordenonesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 33170
Dialing code 0434
Patron saint Saint Mark
Saint day April 25[1]
Website Official website

Pordenone [pordeˈnoːne] (Venetian and Friulian: Pordenon) is the main comune of Pordenone province of northeast Italy in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region.

The name comes from Latin Portus Naonis, meaning 'port on the Noncello (Latin Naon) River'.

History[edit]

Pordenone was created in the High Middle Ages as a river port on the Noncello, with the name Portus Naonis. In the area, however, there were already villas and agricultural settlements in the Roman age. In 1278, after having been administrated by several feudatories, the city was handed over to the Habsburg family, forming an Austrian enclave within the territory of the Patriarchal State of Friuli. In the 14th century, Pordenone grew substantially due to the flourishing river trades, gaining the status of city in December 1314.

Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli.

In 1514, it was acquired by the Republic of Venice, even if until 1537 the town was ruled by the feudal family d'Alviano. Under Venice a new port was built and the manufacturers improved.

After the Napoleonic period, Pordenone was included in the Austrian possessions in Italy (Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia). The railway connection, including Pordenone railway station, and the construction of the Pontebbana road brought on the decline of the port, but spurred substantial industrial development (especially for the working of cotton). Pordenone was annexed to Italy in 1866.

The cotton sector decayed after the damage of World War I and failed completely after the 1929 crisis. After World War II, the local Zanussi firm became a world giant of household appliances, and in 1968, Pordenone became capital of the province with the same name, including territory belonging to Udine.

After World War II, Pordenone, as well as the rest of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, became a garrison for many military units, in order to prevent a Soviet invasion from the east. The heavy military presence boosted the economy of the once-depressed area.

Pordenone is as now garrison of the 132nd Armored Brigade "Ariete".

Governance[edit]

Public services[edit]

Geography[edit]

The territory of Pordenone is located in the lowlands of the Po-Venetian Valley, south of Venetian Alps and the Alpine foothills of Friuli. The lowlands of Pordenone is characterized by an abundance of water and by the "phenomenon of resurgence.

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[2]

Climate data for Pordenone
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7
(44)
2
(36)
12
(53)
17
(62)
21
(69)
25
(77)
28
(82)
27
(80)
24
(75)
18
(64)
12
(53)
8
(46)
16.8
(61.8)
Average low °C (°F) −1
(30)
0
(32)
2
(35)
6
(42)
11
(51)
14
(57)
16
(60)
16
(60)
13
(55)
8
(46)
3
(37)
0
(32)
7.3
(44.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 71
(2.8)
84
(3.3)
109
(4.3)
160
(6.3)
109
(4.3)
142
(5.6)
109
(4.3)
107
(4.2)
104
(4.1)
132
(5.2)
213
(8.4)
142
(5.6)
1,482
(58.4)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

Demographics[edit]

Economy[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

Religious buildings[edit]

  • Cathedral of St. Mark (Duomo) was built from 1363 in Romanesque-Gothic style and restored in the 16th and 18th centuries. It houses a famous fresco of San Rocco and an altarpiece depicting the Virgin of Mercy by the native Renaissance painter Giovanni Antonio de' Sacchis (commonly known as Il Pordenone). Also inside the church are preserved the baptistery and the font by Giovanni Antonio Pilacorte, some fragments of frescoes of the circle of Gentile da Fabriano and a painting by Tintoretto. It has a 79-metre (259 ft) bell tower.
  • Church of St. Mary of the Angels, also known as Church of the wooden Christ. The church was built in 1309 and it is characterized by an entrance portal in Istrian stone by Giovanni Antonio Pilacorte. Inside the sacred building they are kept a crucifix dating from the 1466 of Johannes Teutonicus and remains of a cycle of fourteenth-century frescoes. They are worthy of mention: the Saint Barbara by Gianfrancesco da Tolmezzo and the Our Lady of Sorrows, fresco from the first half of the fourteenth century. On the left wall of the church it is possible to admire a Madonna of humility(fourteenth-century fresco of the school of Vitale da Bologna)
  • Parish Church of San George. Neoclassical church, characterized by the nineteenth-century bell tower, column Doric (architect Giovanni Battista Bassi).
  • The church of the Santissima Trinità ("Holy Trinity"), alongside the Noncello river. It has an octagonal plant and frescoes by Giovanni Maria Calderari, pupil of Il Pordenone.
  • Church of Blessed Odoric of Pordenone, built by architect Mario Botta in 1990-1992.[4]
  • Church of S. Ulderico, located in Villanova suburb. Contains frescoes by Il Pordenone and the font and baptistery are by Giovanni Antonio Pilacorte.
  • Parish Church of St. Lawrence Martyr, in the frazione of Roraigrande, contains the baptismal font of Renaissance sculptors Donato and Alvise Casella. Inside it is possible to admire a cycle of frescoes by Giovanni Antonio de 'Sacchis

Secular buildings[edit]

The town has many mansions and palaces, in particular along the ancient "Greater Contrada", today Corso Vittorio Emanuele II (wonderful example of Venetian porticoes and called by some small "waterless Grand Canal"). Below is a list of the most important in terms of architectural and artistic.

  • The Gothic Communal Palace (1291–1395). The clock-tower of the loggia, designed by painter Pomponio Amalteo, was added in the 16th century to the main building.
  • Palazzo Ricchieri: Built in the 13th century as a house fortress with a tower, it was rebuilt to house the Ricchieri family. It now houses the Civic Art Museum.
  • Palazzo Polacco - Barbarich - Scaramuzza.
  • Palazzo Rorario - Spelladi - Silvestri, headquarters of the municipal gallery "Harry Bertoia".
  • Palazzo Mantica - Cattaneo.
  • Palazzo Mantica.
  • Palazzo Gregoris.
  • Casa Gregoris - Bassani.
  • Palazzo Varmo - Pomo, also known as House of the Captains.
  • Palazzo Crescendolo - Milani.
  • Palazzo Popaite - Torriani - Policreti.
  • Casa Simoni.
  • Casa Pittini.
  • Palazzo Domenichini - Varaschini.
  • Palazzo Rosittis.
  • Palazzo De Rubeis.

Castles[edit]

  • Castello di Torre (late 12th century), residence of the Ragogna family and now seat of the Western Friuli Archaeological Museum. It was assaulted in 1402 by Imperial troops, who destroyed the castle. A few years later a tower was rebuilt.
  • Castle of the ancient town of Pordenone, located in Piazza della Motta, now a prison.

Archaeological site[edit]

  • Roman Villa of Torre, remains of a patrician villa discovered in the 1950s.

Venetian villas[edit]

In the city there are nine buildings protected by the Regional Institute Venetian Villas (IRVV). Worthy of note are:

  • Villa Cattaneo, the Gaspera, (seventeenth century), which is characterized by a high arched pediment (Villanova of Pordenone);
  • Villa Cattaneo, Cirielli Barbini, probably dating back to 700 (Vallenoncello of Pordenone).

Industrial archeology[edit]

The urban conglomerate of Pordenone is characterized by the presence of the ruins of the industries dating back to the nineteenth century, examples of industrial archeology.

Culture[edit]

Pordenone has been the primary host to the Giornate del cinema muto, a festival of silent film, since 1981, excepting an eight-year lapse after the host theater, Cinema-Teatro Verdi, was torn down. The nearby town of Sacile hosted the festival from 1999 to 2006.

Transport[edit]

Car[edit]

Bus[edit]

Railway[edit]

Pordenone railway station, opened in 1855, is located on the Venice–Udine railway. Although it is not a junction or terminal station, it is used by a great many passengers ( 3 million/year).

Air[edit]

Education[edit]

Sport[edit]

Culture[edit]

Literature[edit]

Theatre[edit]

Music[edit]

Museums and galleries[edit]

Diocesan Museum of Sacred Art - Diocese of Concordia-Pordenone[edit]

Located in the Pastoral Activities Centre, designed by Othmar Barth (1988), retains a remarkable artistic heritage from churches and religious buildings of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Concordia-Pordenone.

Town Art Museum[edit]

The museum is housed in the Palazzo Ricchieri, an important place to understand the art of Veneto and Friuli-Venezia Giulia. In it houses works by various painters, such as Pordenone, P. Amalteo, Varotari, Pietro della Vecchia, O. Politi and Michelangelo Grigoletti.

Civic Museum of Natural History Silvia Zenari[edit]

Archaeological Museum of Western Friuli[edit]

The museum, housed since 2006 in the ancient castle of the Torre of Pordenone, the last residence of Count Giuseppe di Ragogna, illustrates the archaeological heritage of the Province of Pordenone. Of particular significance are the finds from the caves Pradis and pile-dwelling (or stilt house)of Palù di Livenza (UNESCO World Heritage Site - Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps).

Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art "Armando Pizzinato"[edit]

The museum is housed in a Venetian villa of the city park, once owned by industrialist Galvani. In its rooms it houses paintings by Mario Sironi, Renato Guttuso, Corrado Cagli, Alberto Savinio, Filippo de Pisis, Giuseppe Zigaina, Armando Pizzinato and many others.

Science Centre Scientific Imaginary of Torre[edit]

Gallery Sagittaria - Cultural Center House Antonio Zanussi[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Radio[edit]

Television[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Pordenone is twinned with:

Notable People[edit]

This list is arranged alphabetically by surname.

A–F[edit]

G–M[edit]

N–Z[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Due to conjunction with a National Holiday, the Local holiday is held on September 8
  2. ^ Climate Summary
  3. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on June 19, 2013.
  4. ^ "Sito web http://www.botta.ch/Page/Sa%201992_124_Pordenone_it.php "Chiesa parrocchiale Beato Odorico da Pordenone, Italia 1987-1992"". 

External links[edit]