July 20, 1916|
|Died||December 3, 1944
Lesa, Novara, Italy
|Buried at||Arona, Piedmont|
|Allegiance|| Soviet Union (1939–1944)
|Years of service||1939–1944|
|Commands held||2nd Battalion of Brigade "Servadei"|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Pore Mosulishvili (IPA: [pʰɔrɛ mɔsuliʃvili]; Georgian: ფორე მოსულიშვილი; Italian: Pore Mossulishvili) (July 20, 1916 – December 3, 1944) was a Georgian soldier and partisan in the Italian resistance movement. He was posthumously awarded the Gold Medal of Military Valor and the title Hero of the Soviet Union for his heroic self-sacrifice during World War II.
In 1939 Pore was recruited in the Red Army. When the Germans invaded the Soviet Union, he completed his duty with great distinction, and was given a field promotion to non-commissioned officer.
1944 Pore Mosulishvili was taken prisoner by Hitler's army. He was transferred to Italy with other Soviet and Czechoslovak prisoners.
In Stresa Pore Mosulishvili was put in contact with the partisans of the 118th Brigade Garibaldi and September 7, 1944 made contact with another 36 Georgian prisoners who fought with the Italian Resistance. The Georgians 2nd Battalion of the 118th one quickly gained a reputation for toughness. From October 9 to October 14 they took part in the defence of the republican partisan of Ossola. October 26, 1944 2nd Battalion lead a fight against a Fascist train and killed 23 supporters of the Fascist Republic of Salo.
In November, 1944 the Fascists decided to unleash a violent counter-offensive in the area of the Mottarone-Vergante, in low Verbano, operative sector of the Brigade "Servadei". This caused the partisans to separate into small groups, in an attempt to avoid reprisals.
December 3, 1944 Pore Mosulishvili, together with sixteen partisans, were surrounded by a Hitlerians force. Nazists stated that if the commander surrendered, the others would be spared, otherwise everyone would be killed.
The commander Edo Del Gratta did not surrender. Pore Mosulishvili, who was already wounded, told partisans to disarm and discard their weapons. Mosulishvili exited the hut and told Nazists: 'I am the Commander, but I prefer death to captivity!' He shouted: 'Viva l'Italia! viva i partigiani! viva liberta!' ('Live the Italy! live the partisans! living freedom!'), then he put the revolver to his throat and pulled the trigger.
Pore Mosulishvili made a self–sacrifice to save the lives of others, - 16 guerilas, which were taken prisoners and in April 1945 they were released by the Italian partisans.
Pore Mosulishvili is buried in Arona.
|Hero of the Soviet Union (№ 11620)|
|Order of Lenin|
|Order of the Patriotic War (1st Class)|
|Order of Glory (3rd Class)|
|Medal of Military Valour (1st Class, Italy 1970)|
|Garibaldi Partisan Star (Italy)|
List of places named after Pore Mosulishvili
- Italy Museo Baita della Libertà (Belgirate))
- Italy Via P. Musolishvili - 28832 Belgirate (Vb)
- Georgia Pore Mosulishvili House Museum
- Georgia Pore Mosulishvili street in Tbilisi
- (Italian) Il fascino del leggendario. Moscatelli e Beltrami: miti resistenti , Filippo Colombara, in "l'impegno" a.XXVI n. 1, Istituto per la storia della Resistenza e della società contemporanea nelle province di Biella e Vercelli, 2006
- (Georgian) Eduard Sikharulidze - სიკვდილითა სიკვდილისა დამთრგუნველი, Tbilisi, Sabtcota sakartvelo, 1988, ISBN 5-529-00329-X
- (Georgian) თოვლიანი დღის ნათელში (მოთხრობა-მენიპეა)
- (Russian) Miho Mosulishvili, Light of snow day, 2006
- (Russian) Кавалери ордена славы трёх степеней. Биограф. словарь. М.: Воениздат. 2000
- (Italian) Pore Musolishvili Pore Mossulishvili
- (Italian) ANPI - Associazione Nazionale Partigiani d'Italia
- (Italian) The photographies of the resistance
- (Italian) ANCFARGL - Associazione Nazionale Combattenti Forze Armate Regolari Guerra di Liberazione
- (Italian) INSMLI - Istituto Nazionale per la Storia del Movimento di Liberazione in Italia
- (Italian) Il portale della guerra di Liberazione