Pornography in Turkey
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Pornography in Turkey has been produced since the 1970s. However, in recent years many sites that contains pornographic material are banned by the authorities for notable reasons.
After a long period of producing Italian-inspired softcore comedies in the 1970s, the hardcore film Öyle Bir Kadın Ki was distributed in 1979.
Many more followed prior to the 1980 coup d'état, when the government strictly prohibited graphic sex in cinema. In the late 1990s, Turkish pornography experienced a minor renaissance, producing cheap, low quality material. Modern producers of Turkish porn are centered in Germany, though they still recruit their performers from Turkey.
226/4: Any person who produces audio-visual or written material containing sexual intercourse by using violence, or with animals, or body of a dead person, or performed in an unnatural manner; or engages in import, sale, transportation, storage of these materials or presents such material to other's use, is punished with imprisonment from one year to four years.
Courts have interpreted the unnatural manner clause broadly, sometimes including oral sex and anal sex in that definition. The article 226/7 provides exemptions for scientific works; and with the exception of child pornography, to works that have literary or artistic value.
Further, regarding the broadcasting of pornographic materials, the Turkish Penal Code states:
226/2:A person who broadcasts or publishes obscene images, printed or audio material or who acts as an intermediary for this purpose shall be sentenced to imprisonment for a term of six months to three years.
In May 2006, the government banned the four erotic television channels available on the only Turkish satellite provider, Digiturk. The channels were: Playboy TV, Exotica TV, Adult Channel, and Rouge TV. The ban was instituted by the Radio and Television High Council, on grounds that such programming violated Turkey's cultural values. On 9 August 2008, Edibe Sozen, an AKP MP, introduced a bill to ban the sales of pornographic images to anyone under the age of 16. The proposed bill also included a provision that anyone over 16 purchasing such materials would be registered in a database via a Citizen Identification Number. The bill did not become a law.
- Tzankova, Veronika (July 2015). "Watching porn in Turkey: women, sex, and paradigm shifts". Porn Studies. 2 (2–3): 123–136. doi:10.1080/23268743.2015.1061745.
- Turkish Penal Code ‹See Tfd›(in Turkish)
- Yargıtay’dan 'doğal olmayan ilişki' görüntülerine hapis istemi ‹See Tfd›(in Turkish)
- Turkish government bans porn channels CBC. 6 May 2006.