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Porphyrio porphyrio.jpg
An Australasian swamphen from New Zealand (pukeko, Porphyrio melanotus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Gruiformes
Family: Rallidae
Genus: Porphyrio
Brisson, 1760

For extinct species, see article text.



Porphyrio is the swamphen or swamp hen bird genus in the rail family. The genus name Porphyrio is the Latin name for "swamphen",[1] meaning "purple".

It includes some smaller species which are usually called "purple gallinules", and which are sometimes separated as genus Porphyrula or united with the gallinules proper (or "moorhens") in Gallinula. The Porphyrio gallinules are distributed in the warmer regions of the world


Extant species[edit]

Recent taxonomy changes in Porphyrula or Gallinula:

Extinct species[edit]


  1. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 314. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  • Taylor, P. Barry & van Perlo, Ber (1998): Rails: a guide to the rails, crakes, gallinules, and coots of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven. ISBN 0-300-07758-0

External links[edit]