Porsche 991

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Porsche 991
Porsche 991 Turbo S MkII (38759608540).jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Porsche
Also called Porsche 911
Porsche Carrera
Production 2011–present
Assembly Stuttgart, Germany
Designer Michael Mauer (2008)
Body and chassis
Class Sports car (S)
Body style 2-door coupe
2-door Targa
2-door convertible
Layout Rear engine, rear wheel drive / all wheel drive
Related Porsche Boxster/Cayman
Porsche 718
Ruf RGT
Ruf Turbo Florio
Ruf RTR
Powertrain
Engine 3.0 L Twin-turbo Flat-Six
3.4 L Flat-Six
3.8 L Flat-Six
3.8 L Twin-turbo Flat-Six
4.0 L Flat-Six
Transmission 6-speed manual
7-speed manual
7-speed PDK
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,450 mm (96.5 in)
2,457 mm (96.7 in) (GT3)
Length 4,491 mm (176.8 in) (Carrera)
4,506 mm (177.4 in) (Turbo)
4,545 mm (178.9 in) (GT3)
Width 1,808 mm (71.2 in) (Carrera)
1,880 mm (74.0 in) (Turbo)
1,852 mm (72.9 in) (GT3)
Height 1,303 mm (51.3 in) (Carrera)
1,296 mm (51.0 in) (Turbo)
1,269 mm (50.0 in) (GT3)
Curb weight

1,435 kg (3,164 lb) (Carrera)
1,495 kg (3,296 lb) (Carrera S)
1,554 kg (3,426 lb) (Carrera S Cabriolet)
1,539 kg (3,393 lb) (Carrera 4S)
1,646 kg (3,629 lb) (Targa 4S)
1,605 kg (3,538 lb) (Turbo)
1,627 kg (3,587 lb) (Turbo S)
1,696 kg (3,739 lb) (Turbo S Cabriolet)
1,485 kg (3,274 lb) (GTS)

1,430 kg (3,150 lb) (GT3)
1,420 kg (3,130 lb) (GT3 RS)
Chronology
Predecessor Porsche 997
Successor Porsche 992 (announced for 2019)

The Porsche 991 is the internal designation for the seventh generation Porsche 911 sports car, which was unveiled at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show on 15 September as the replacement for the 997. The 991 is an entirely new platform, only the third since the original 911 launched in 1963 (the 996 of 1999 was the second new platform). The design has taken an evolutionary step, in keeping with the previous generation 997 and 996. The designer of the 991 is Porsche's Chief Designer Michael Mauer.

Design[edit]

As usual for the Porsche 911, the 991 generation is an evolutionary design step. Two basic principles were strictly respected: the roof line is less arched, and tapers down into the rear; and the front wings are higher than the lid.

Compared to the 997, the 991 is slightly larger, with the wheelbase increased by 100 mm (3.9 in) to 2,450 mm (96.5 in), and the overall length up by 70 mm (2.8 in) to 4,490 mm (176.8 in).[1] A new transaxle was developed so that the rear wheels could be moved 76 mm (3 in) backward in relation to the position of the engine, which significantly improves the weight distribution and cornering performance of the car.[2][3]

Due to the use of high-strength steel, aluminium and some composites, the weight was reduced to 1,380 kg (3,042 lb) for the manual Carrera, rising to 1,605 kg (3,538 lb) for the all wheel drive Turbo model with PDK transmission (Porsche Doppelkupplung). PDK is available as an option for all 911 Carrera models as a 7-speed transmission, featuring manual and automatic modes. Gears 1 to 6 have a sports ratio and top speed is reached in 6th gear. 7th gear has a long ratio and helps to reduce fuel consumption by keeping engine revs low. The PDK is essentially two gearboxes merged into a single unit and thus requires two clutches. For all 991 models, the PDK is produced by ZF Friedrichshafen. The auto start/stop function is standard on all variants of the 911 Carrera.

First phase (2011–2016) (991)[edit]

911 Carrera and Carrera S (2011–2016)[edit]

2012 Porsche 911 Carrera S

Introduced at the 2011 Geneva Motor Show, the Carrera is equipped with a 3.4 litre boxer engine with direct fuel injection, 350 PS (257 kW; 345 bhp) at 7,400 rpm and 390 N⋅m (288 lb⋅ft) of torque at 5,600 rpm. The Carrera S has a 3.8 litre engine with 400 PS (294 kW; 395 bhp) at 7,400 rpm and 440 N⋅m (325 lb⋅ft) of torque at 5,600 rpm.

The convertible variant of the 991 was announced in both Carrera and Carrera S versions at the LA Motor Show in November 2011.[4]

In September 2012 at the Paris Motor Show, the all-wheel-drive variants – the Carrera 4 and 4S, were added to the 991 line-up.

911 Carrera GTS (2014–2015)[edit]

2015 Porsche 911 Carrera 4 GTS

Introduced in November 2014 at the LA Motor Show, the 991 Carrera GTS sits between the Carrera S and GT3. Base options included with purchase: 430 PS (316 kW; 424 bhp) PowerKit, Sport Chrono Package, Sport Exhaust System, Dynamic Engine Mounts, 10mm lowered suspension, Porsche Torque Vectoring (PTM) system, LED daytime running lights with Porsche Dynamic Lighting System (PDLS), Sport Design Front Spoiler, Sport Design Side Mirrors, GTS badging, and 20" Centerlock wheels. When optioned with PDK, 0–60 mph is achieved consistently at 3.8 seconds with the help of Launch Control.

911 Targa 4 and 4S (2014–2015)[edit]

Porsche 911 Targa 4S

At the Detroit Motor Show in January 2014, Porsche introduced the Targa 4 and Targa 4S models. These new derivatives come equipped with an all-new roof technology with the original targa design, now with an all-electric cabriolet roof along with the B-pillar and the glass 'dome' at the rear.

On January 12, 2015, Porsche announced the 911 Targa GTS at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit. Similar in appearance to the existing Targa 4 and 4S models, the GTS added the 430 PS (316 kW; 424 bhp) engine plus several otherwise optional features.[5]

911 GT3 (2013–2015)[edit]

Porsche 911 GT3

With the introduction at the Geneva Motor Show, in March 2013, of the latest GT3 model came the announcement of active rear steering. It is claimed by Porsche to provide higher lateral dynamics than previously available. Car speed inputs determine whether the rears steer in the same or opposite direction of the front wheels. It is the first GT3 offered only with automatic transmission.

At the start of 2014, deliveries of the GT3 were halted following two fires.[6] A subsequent recall to replace the engines of all 785 cars was announced in March 2014 before manufacturing of the GT3 would restart.[7]

911 GT3 RS (2015–2016)[edit]

Porsche 911 GT3 RS

Porsche launched the RS version of the 991 GT3 at the Geneva Motor Show in 2015.[8] Compared to the 991 GT3, the front fenders are now equipped with louvers above the wheels and the rear fenders now include 911 Turbo-like intakes, rather than an intake below the rear wing. The roof is made from magnesium. The interior includes full bucket seats (based on the carbon seats of the 918 Spyder), carbon-fibre inserts, lightweight door handles and the Club Sport Package as standard (a bolted-on roll cage behind the front seats, preparation for a battery master switch, and a six-point safety harness for the driver and fire extinguisher with mounting bracket).

The 3.8-litre unit found in the 991 GT3 is replaced with a 4.0-litre unit with 500 horsepower and 339 lb⋅ft (460 N⋅m) of torque. The transmission is PDK only. The drivetrain delivers 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.3 seconds (0.6 seconds quicker than the 997 GT3 RS 4.0) and 0–200 km/h (0–124 mph) in 10.9 seconds. The 991 GT3 RS also comes with functions such as declutching by "paddle neutral" — comparable to pressing the clutch with a conventional manual gearbox – and Pit Speed limiter button. As with the 991 GT3, there is rear-axle steering and Porsche Torque Vectoring Plus with fully variable rear axle differential lock.

911 R (2016)[edit]

Porsche 911 R

Revealed at the 2016 Geneva Motor Show on March 1, the 911 R shares most of its underpinnings with the GT3 RS, but removes the roll cage, rear wing, and associated bodywork for a weight savings of 50 kg. The R comes only with a 6-speed manual transmission, and has a top speed of 323 km/h (201 mph) due to a lower drag coefficient compared to the GT3 RS. It also offers additional options for a lighter flywheel and removal of the air conditioning and audio systems. Production will be limited to 991 examples, as a 2016 model.[9]

911 Turbo and Turbo S (2013–2015)[edit]

Introduced in May 2013, the 991 Turbo has a twin-turbocharged 3.8 litre engine generating 520 PS (382 kW; 513 bhp) and 620 N⋅m (457 lb⋅ft) of torque.[10] The S version has 560 PS (412 kW; 552 bhp) and 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) of torque, but the torque is pushed to 750 N⋅m (553 lb⋅ft) with overboost. Both vehicles have all-wheel drive and a seven-speed dual clutch sequential transmission. The Turbo S can reach 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.1 seconds as claimed by Porsche but has achieved 2.6 seconds by many car magazine tests.[11][12] New technologies featuring adaptive aerodynamics and rear wheel steer are new on these cars.

Turbo Cabriolet and Turbo S Cabriolet versions were added to the range at the 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show.[13]

Engines[edit]

Model Engine cc Power Torque
Carrera 3,436 cc (210 cu in) 350 PS (257 kW; 345 bhp) @ 7,400 rpm 390 N⋅m (288 lb⋅ft) @ 5,600 rpm
Carrera S 3,800 cc (232 cu in) 400 PS (294 kW; 395 bhp) @ 7,400 rpm 440 N⋅m (325 lb⋅ft) @ 5,600 rpm
Carrera GTS/S Powerkit 3,800 cc (232 cu in) 430 PS (316 kW; 424 bhp) @ 7,400 rpm 440 N⋅m (325 lb⋅ft) @ 5,600 rpm
GT3 3,799 cc (232 cu in) 475 PS (349 kW; 469 bhp) @ 8,250 rpm 440 N⋅m (325 lb⋅ft) @ 6,250 rpm
GT3 RS 4,000 cc (244 cu in) 500 PS (368 kW; 493 bhp) @ 8,250rpm 460 N⋅m (339 lb⋅ft) @ 6,250 rpm
911 R 4,000 cc (244 cu in) 500 PS (368 kW; 493 bhp) @ 8,250rpm 460 N⋅m (339 lb⋅ft) @ 6,250 rpm
Turbo 3,800 cc (232 cu in) 520 PS (382 kW; 513 bhp) @ 6,000 rpm 660 N⋅m (487 lb⋅ft) @ 1,950 rpm (710 N⋅m (524 lb⋅ft) overboost)
Turbo S 3,800 cc (232 cu in) 560 PS (412 kW; 552 bhp) @ 6,500 rpm 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) @ 2,100 rpm (750 N⋅m (553 lb⋅ft) overboost)

Performance[edit]

Model Transmission Engine Top speed Acceleration (0–100 km/h) Emissions CO2
Carrera 7-speed manual 3.4L 289 km/h (180 mph) 4.8 sec 211 g/km
Carrera 7-speed PDK 3.4L 287 km/h (178 mph) 4.6 sec 191 g/km
Carrera (sc) 7-speed PDK 3.4L 287 km/h (178 mph) 4.4 sec 191 g/km
Carrera S 7-speed manual 3.8L 304 km/h (189 mph) 4.5 sec 223 g/km
Carrera S 7-speed PDK 3.8L 302 km/h (188 mph) 4.3 sec 202 g/km
Carrera S (sc) 7-speed PDK 3.8L 302 km/h (188 mph) 4.1 sec 202 g/km
Carrera S (sc/pk) 7-speed PDK 3.8L 308 km/h (191 mph) 4.0 sec 205 g/km
GT3 7-speed PDK 3.8L 315 km/h (196 mph) 3.5 sec 289 g/km
GT3 RS 7-speed PDK 4.0L 315 km/h (196 mph) 3.3 sec 296 g/km
911 R 6-speed manual 4.0L 323 km/h (201 mph) 3.8 sec 308 g/km
Turbo 7-speed PDK 3.8L TT 315 km/h (196 mph) 3.4 sec 227 g/km
Turbo (sc) 7-speed PDK 3.8L TT 315 km/h (196 mph) 3.2 sec 227 g/km
Turbo S 7-speed PDK 3.8L TT 318 km/h (198 mph) 3.1 sec 227 g/km

(SC) = Sport Chrono (PK) = Powerkit

Second phase (2016–present) (991.2)[edit]

Following an introduction at the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show, the 991 was revised for the 2017 model year. The updated Porsche 911 (at Porsche internally referred to as 991.2 or 991 II) introduced new styling and options, along with all new, smaller 3.0-litre twin-turbocharged flat-six engines across the range.

This was the first time standard Carrera models had adopted turbocharged engines rather than naturally aspirated ones, which was initially criticised for lacking engine noise that previous non-turbo variations had. This criticism quickly dissipated as it became apparent the 991.2 offered a substantial step up in performance and feel over the preceding model.[citation needed]

911 Carrera and Carrera S (2016–2019)[edit]

Initially from December 2015 available models were the coupé and cabriolet versions of Carrera and Carrera S. The all-wheel drive versions Carrera 4 and 4S were revealed in October 2015.

911 Carrera T (2017–2019)[edit]

In October 2017 Porsche announced the 911 Carrera T (Touring), offering the base Carrera drivetrain but with shorter rear axle ratio, mechanical differential lock, PASM Sport lowered suspension, Sport Chrono package and sports exhaust as standard. It includes reduced sound insulation, light-weight glass side/rear windows, Sport-Tex seats, a shortened shift lever, removed rear seats and communication system (with no-cost option to add them back), Carrera S wheels, as well as optional rear-wheel steering, PDK and bucket seats.[14]

911 Targa 4 and 4S (2016–2019)[edit]

The Targa 4 and Targa 4S were revealed in October 2015.

911 Carrera GTS (2017–2019)[edit]

In January 2017 five new GTS versions (RWD coupé and cabriolet as well as AWD coupé, cabriolet and Targa) were launched.[15]

911 GT3 and GT3 Touring Package (2017–2019)[edit]

Porsche 911 GT3 Touring

At the March 2017 Geneva Motor Show, the facelifted GT3 was revealed, sporting a larger 4.0-litre flat-six engine, aerodynamic upgrades, a revised look and an optional 6-speed manual gearbox, something which was absent on the 991.1-phase GT3.

Following in September 2017 Porsche announced the 911 GT3 with Touring Package at the International Motor Show (IAA), a 911 GT3 available exclusively with manual transmission and without a fixed rear wing.[16]

911 GT3 RS (2018–2019)[edit]

In February 2018, Porsche revealed the new GT3 RS, available with optional Weissach package.[17]

911 GT2 RS (2018–2019)[edit]

The 911 GT2 RS was officially launched by Porsche at the 2017 Goodwood Festival of Speed along with the introduction of the 911 Turbo S Exclusive Series. It is powered by a 3.8 L twin-turbocharged flat-6 engine that produces a maximum power of 700 PS (515 kW; 690 hp) at 7,000 rpm and 750 N⋅m (550 lb⋅ft) of torque, giving the car a power to weight ratio of 2.1 kg (4.63 lb) per horsepower and making it the most powerful 911 ever built. A Weissach package option is available.[18]

In late September 2017, the GT2 RS made a 6:47.3 lap time around the Nürburgring, which made it the fastest Porsche 911 lap time recorded on the track at the time.[19]

911 Turbo, Turbo S and Turbo S Exclusive Series (2016-2019)[edit]

In December 2015, Turbo and Turbo S versions were launched.

In June 2017 the Turbo S Exclusive Series with powerkit and CFRP body panels was launched, limited to 500 units. Braided carbon-fibre wheels are available as option.[20][21]

Engines[edit]

Model Engine cc Power Torque
Carrera 2,981 cc (182 cu in) 370 PS (272 kW; 365 bhp) @ 6,500 rpm 450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft) @ 1,700 – 5,000 rpm
Carrera S 2,981 cc (182 cu in) 420 PS (309 kW; 414 bhp) @ 6,500 rpm 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft) @ 1,700 – 5,000 rpm
GTS 2,981 cc (182 cu in) 450 PS (331 kW; 444 bhp) @ 6,500 rpm 550 N⋅m (406 lb⋅ft) @ 2,150 – 5,000 rpm
GT3 3,996 cc (244 cu in) 500 PS (368 kW; 493 bhp) @ 8,250 rpm 460 N⋅m (339 lb⋅ft) @ 6,000 rpm
GT3 RS 3,996 cc (244 cu in) 520 PS (382 kW; 513 bhp) @ 8,250 rpm 470 N⋅m (347 lb⋅ft) @ 6,000 rpm
Turbo 3,800 cc (232 cu in) 540 PS (397 kW; 533 bhp) @ 6,400 rpm 660 N⋅m (487 lb⋅ft) @ 1,950 – 5,000 rpm (710 N⋅m (524 lb⋅ft) overboost)
Turbo S 3,800 cc (232 cu in) 580 PS (427 kW; 572 bhp) @ 6,750 rpm 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) @ 2,100 – 4,250 rpm (750 N⋅m (553 lb⋅ft) overboost)
Turbo S Exclusive Series 3,800 cc (232 cu in) 607 PS (446 kW; 599 bhp) @ 6,750 rpm 750 N⋅m (553 lb⋅ft) @ 2,250 – 4,000 rpm
GT2 RS 3,800 cc (232 cu in) 700 PS (515 kW; 690 bhp) @ 7,000 rpm 750 N⋅m (553 lb⋅ft) @ 2,500 – 4,500 rpm

Performance[edit]

Model Transmission Engine Top speed Acceleration
(0–100 km/h (62 mph))
Emissions CO2
Carrera 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 295 km/h (183 mph) 4.6 sec 190 g/km
Carrera 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 293 km/h (182 mph) 4.4 sec 169 g/km
Carrera Cabriolet 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 292 km/h (181 mph) 4.8 sec 195 g/km
Carrera Cabriolet 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 290 km/h (180 mph) 4.6 sec 172 g/km
Carrera T 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 293 km/h (182 mph) 4.5 sec 215 g/km
Carrera T 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 291 km/h (181 mph) 4.2 sec 193 g/km
Carrera S 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 308 km/h (191 mph) 4.3 sec 199 g/km
Carrera S 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 306 km/h (190 mph) 4.1 sec 174 g/km
Carrera S Cabriolet 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 306 km/h (190 mph) 4.5 sec 202 g/km
Carrera S Cabriolet 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 304 km/h (189 mph) 4.3 sec 178 g/km
Carrera 4 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 292 km/h (181 mph) 4.5 sec 201 g/km
Carrera 4 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 290 km/h (180 mph) 4.3 sec 177 g/km
Carrera 4 Cabriolet 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 289 km/h (180 mph) 4.7 sec 206 g/km
Carrera 4 Cabriolet 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 287 km/h (178 mph) 4.5 sec 182 g/km
Carrera 4S 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 305 km/h (190 mph) 4.2 sec 204 g/km
Carrera 4S 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 303 km/h (188 mph) 4.0 sec 180 g/km
Carrera 4S Cabriolet 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 303 km/h (188 mph) 4.4 sec 208 g/km
Carrera 4S Cabriolet 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 301 km/h (187 mph) 4.2 sec 184 g/km
Carrera GTS 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 312 km/h (194 mph) 4.1 sec 212 g/km
Carrera GTS 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 310 km/h (193 mph) 3.7 sec 188 g/km
Carrera GTS Cabriolet 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 310 km/h (193 mph) 4.1 sec 214 g/km
Carrera GTS Cabriolet 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 308 km/h (191 mph) 3.7 sec 190 g/km
Carrera 4 GTS 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 310 km/h (193 mph) 4.0 sec 216 g/km
Carrera 4 GTS 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 310 km/h (193 mph) 3.6 sec 192 g/km
Carrera 4 GTS Cabriolet 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 308 km/h (191 mph) 4.1 sec 220 g/km
Carrera 4 GTS Cabriolet 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 306 km/h (190 mph) 3.7 sec 196 g/km
Targa 4 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 289 km/h (180 mph) 4.7 sec 206 g/km
Targa 4 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 287 km/h (178 mph) 4.5 sec 182 g/km
Targa 4S 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 303 km/h (188 mph) 4.4 sec 208 g/km
Targa 4S 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 301 km/h (187 mph) 4.2 sec 184 g/km
Targa 4 GTS 7-speed manual 3.0L TT 308 km/h (191 mph) 4.1 sec 220 g/km
Targa 4 GTS 7-speed PDK 3.0L TT 306 km/h (190 mph) 3.7 sec 196 g/km
GT3 with Touring Package 6-speed manual 4.0L 316 km/h (196 mph) 3.9 sec 303 g/km
GT3 6-speed manual 4.0L 320 km/h (199 mph) 3.9 sec 290 g/km
GT3 7-speed PDK 4.0L 318 km/h (198 mph) 3.4 sec 288 g/km
GT3 RS 7-speed PDK 4.0L 312 km/h (194 mph) 3.2 sec 291 g/km
Turbo 7-speed PDK 3.8L TT 320 km/h (199 mph) 3.0 sec 212 g/km
Turbo Cabriolet 7-speed PDK 3.8L TT 320 km/h (199 mph) 3.1 sec 216 g/km
Turbo S 7-speed PDK 3.8L TT 330 km/h (205 mph) 2.9 sec 212 g/km
Turbo S Cabriolet 7-speed PDK 3.8L TT 330 km/h (205 mph) 3.0 sec 216 g/km
Turbo S Exclusive Series 7-speed PDK 3.8L TT 330 km/h (205 mph) 2.9 sec 212 g/km
GT2 RS 7-speed PDK 3.8L TT 340 km/h (211 mph) 2.8 sec 269 g/km

[22]

Awards[edit]

The Porsche 991 was titled World Performance Car 2012 shortly after famed Porsche designer Ferdinand Alexander Porsche died.[23][24] The GT3 was awarded the title of World Performance Car Of The Year in 2014.[25][26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Neil, Dan (11 February 2012). "Porsche's Magnificent First Stab at the New 911". The Wall Street Journal. p. D13. 
  2. ^ Tim Pollard (4 November 2010). "Porsche 911: 2011's new 991 generation scooped". Car Magazine. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Ben Pulman (26 July 2011). "Porsche 911 (2011) the clearest spyshots yet". Car Magazine. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  4. ^ "Porsche 911 Cabriolet review". Daily Telegraph. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "911 Targa 4 GTS and Cayenne Turbo S: Two World Premieres to Kick Off the New Year". Porsche AG – Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Porsche warns 911 GT3 owners to stop driving". Daily Telegraph. 20 February 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Porsche to replace all 911 GT3 engines after fire risk". Auto Express. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "2016 Porsche 911 GT3 RS". 
  9. ^ "This is the Porsche 911 R, and it could be perfect". Top Gear. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  10. ^ "Technical Specs – 911 Turbo – 911 Overview – Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG". Porsche AG – Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Technical Specs – 911 Turbo S – 911 Overview – Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG". Porsche AG – Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Audi R8, Porsche 911 Turbo, BMW M6 und Nissan GT-R im Vergleich – autobild.de". Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "2013 Porsche 911 Turbo gets Cabriolet version". Evo. 23 September 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  14. ^ "Less is more – the new Porsche 911 Carrera T". newsroom.porsche.com. Porsche. Retrieved 2017-10-23. 
  15. ^ "The new 911 GTS models". Porsche. Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  16. ^ "IAA: 911 GT3 with Touring Package celebrates its world premiere". newsroom.porsche.com. Porsche. Retrieved 2017-09-11. 
  17. ^ "Born from racing: the new 2019 Porsche 911 GT3 RS". Porsche. Retrieved 20 February 2018. 
  18. ^ "Porsche unveils the most powerful 911 of all time". 2017-06-30. Retrieved 2017-08-18. 
  19. ^ "Porsche 911 GT2 RS breaks Nürburgring record with 6:47.3 lap time". MotorMag.com.au. Retrieved 2017-09-27. 
  20. ^ "A rarity with increased power and luxury: the new 911 Turbo S Exclusive Series". 2017-06-08. Retrieved 2017-08-18. 
  21. ^ "World première: Braided carbon wheels". 2017-08-18. Retrieved 2017-08-18. 
  22. ^ "Porsche 911 Modellübersicht". Retrieved 2017-08-18. 
  23. ^ "Porsche 911 Named 2012 World Performance Car". sacbee.com. Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 9 April 2012. [dead link]
  24. ^ "Porsche 911 Named 2012 World Performance Car". Porsche. Retrieved 2017-09-03. 
  25. ^ "World Car Awards 2014". wcoty.com. Retrieved 2017-09-03. 
  26. ^ "Porsche 911 GT3 named 2014 World Performance Car". Porsche. Retrieved 2017-09-03. 

External links[edit]