Port Augusta

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Port Augusta
South Australia
Jacaranda Time Port Augusta.jpg
View across Spencer Gulf to Mount Brown
Port Augusta is located in South Australia
Port Augusta
Port Augusta
Coordinates 32°29′33″S 137°45′57″E / 32.49250°S 137.76583°E / -32.49250; 137.76583Coordinates: 32°29′33″S 137°45′57″E / 32.49250°S 137.76583°E / -32.49250; 137.76583
Population 14,214 (2015)[1]
Established 1852
Postcode(s) 5700[2]
Location
  • 322 km (200 mi) from Adelaide via Australian National Route A1.svg
  • 470 km (292 mi) from Ceduna via Australian National Route A1.svg
  • 542 km (337 mi) from Coober Pedy via Australian National Route A87.svg
LGA(s) City of Port Augusta
State electorate(s) Stuart[3]
Federal Division(s) Grey[4]
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
26.3 °C
79 °F
12.2 °C
54 °F
214.1 mm
8.4 in

Port Augusta is a small city in South Australia.[5] Formerly a seaport, it is now a road traffic and railway junction city mainly located on the east coast of the Spencer Gulf immediately south of the gulf's head and about 322 kilometres (200 mi) north of the state capital. The suburb of Port Augusta West is located on the west side of the gulf on the Eyre Peninsula.[6] Other major industries included, up until mid-2010s, electricity generation. At June 2015, the estimated urban population was 14,214.[1]

Description[edit]

The city consists of an urban area extending along the Augusta and Eyre Highways from the coastal plain on the west side of the Flinders Ranges in the east across Spencer Gulf to Eyre Peninsula in the west. The urban area consists of the suburbs, from east to west, of Port Augusta and Davenport (on the eastern side of Spencer Gulf), and Port Augusta West on the Eyre Peninsula.[7]

History[edit]

It is a natural harbour, which was founded on 24 May 1852 by Alexander Elder and John Grainger who selected the location for the port. Mr. Grainger was a member of Government from Adelaide. The port was named after Augusta Sophia, Lady Young, the wife of the Governor of South Australia, Sir Henry Edward Fox Young.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Census, the population of the Port Augusta census area was 13,504 people, making it the second largest urban area after Whyalla on the Eyre Peninsula. 50.2% of the population were female, 85.2% are Australian born, over 88.6% of residents are Australian citizens and 17.3% were Aboriginal.[8]

The most popular industries for employment were Technicians and Trades Workers (16%), Community and Personal Service Workers (15.4%) and Clerical and Administrative Workers (13.8%), while the unemployment rate is approximately 7%. The median weekly household income is A$789 or more per week, compared with $924 in Adelaide. 17.4% of the population identify themselves as Catholic, while a higher 26.2% identify with no religion at all.[9]

Transport[edit]

Spencer Gulf is a natural barrier to land transport, so Port Augusta has naturally become the "crossroads of Australia". It is at the junction of major road and rail links.[10]

Road[edit]

Port Augusta is the eastern end of the Eyre Highway to Perth. It is the northern end of the Augusta Highway to Adelaide. It is the southern end of the Stuart Highway to Darwin. All traffic across southern Australia passes through Port Augusta.

Rail[edit]

In 1878, the town became the southern terminus of a proposed North South transcontinental line, headed for Darwin 2,500 km (1,600 mi) away. This 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) narrow gauge railway was later taken over by the Commonwealth in 1910 and later renamed the Central Australia Railway. In 1929, it was extended to its last terminus at Alice Springs.

Between 1913 and 1917, a 2,000 km (1,200 mi) long east–west transcontinental railway (the Trans-Australian Railway) was built from Port Augusta to Kalgoorlie in Western Australia. This was built to standard gauge as part of a long term plan to harmonise gauges between the mainland states, causing a break-of-gauge at Port Augusta until the standard gauge track was extended to Port Pirie in 1937.

The standard gauge Adelaide-Darwin railway was finally completed in 2003. Port Augusta is a stop on the Indian Pacific transcontinental train service on the Sydney–Perth railway and on The Ghan service between Adelaide, Alice Springs and Darwin. One service a week for each train in each direction serve the station.

In the 1990s, the narrow gauge line between Port Augusta and Quorn was re-opened as the Pichi Richi Heritage Railway.

Aviation[edit]

Port Augusta is served by Port Augusta Airport. Sharp Airlines used to connect the city to Adelaide twice daily, however this service ceased to operate on the 31st of May 2017.

Climate[edit]

Port Augusta has a warm desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh). Summers are hot and dry, while winters are mild and damp.

Climate data for Port Augusta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 47.9
(118.2)
48.1
(118.6)
43.1
(109.6)
38.7
(101.7)
32.2
(90)
27.0
(80.6)
26.9
(80.4)
32.8
(91)
38.2
(100.8)
42.9
(109.2)
46.3
(115.3)
47.2
(117)
48.1
(118.6)
Average high °C (°F) 34.3
(93.7)
33.3
(91.9)
30.4
(86.7)
26.7
(80.1)
21.7
(71.1)
17.9
(64.2)
17.7
(63.9)
20.1
(68.2)
23.9
(75)
27.1
(80.8)
30.5
(86.9)
32.2
(90)
26.3
(79.3)
Average low °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66)
16.5
(61.7)
13.0
(55.4)
8.9
(48)
6.2
(43.2)
4.7
(40.5)
5.3
(41.5)
8.4
(47.1)
11.7
(53.1)
15.6
(60.1)
17.2
(63)
12.2
(54)
Record low °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
10.0
(50)
6.6
(43.9)
4.2
(39.6)
−1.9
(28.6)
−4.0
(24.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
−4.5
(23.9)
0.0
(32)
2.2
(36)
6.9
(44.4)
7.7
(45.9)
−4.5
(23.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.5
(0.492)
17.5
(0.689)
16.4
(0.646)
17.9
(0.705)
17.2
(0.677)
26.0
(1.024)
17.6
(0.693)
15.6
(0.614)
19.7
(0.776)
16.1
(0.634)
19.4
(0.764)
22.6
(0.89)
214.1
(8.429)
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[11]

Economy[edit]

Electricity generation[edit]

Electricity was generated at the Playford B (240 MW) and Northern power stations (520 MW) from brown coal mined at Leigh Creek, 250 km to the north. The only coal-fired electricity generating plants in South Australia, in 2009 they produced 33% of the state's electricity, but over 50% of the state's CO2 emissions from electricity generation.[12]

Playford B has not been operational since 2012. In October 2015, Alinta Energy announced the permanent closure of both Northern and Playford B in early 2016, following which the Northern Power Station went offline on 9 May 2016.[13][14]

In 2016, a local community group was lobbying for assistance to replace the coal-fired plants with a solar thermal power station.[15] The premier of South Australia, Jay Weatherill announced on 14 August 2017 that construction would commence in 2018 and was expected to be completed in 2020. The Aurora Solar Thermal Power Project is expected to cost A$650M to build, including a A$110M loan from the Federal Government, and deliver 150MW of electricity. SolarReserve has a contract to supply all of the electricity required by the state government's offices from this power project.[16]

Separately, Sundrop Farms has a combined solar power tower, greenhouse and desalination plant which is used to produce tomatoes near the old power stations.[17] It opened in October 2016 and produces 39MW of thermal energy from over 23 000 mirrors and a 127 metres (417 ft) tower, used for heating, electricity, and desalination to irrigate tomatoes in greenhouses. Sundrop has a 10-year contract to supply Coles Supermarkets with at least 15,000 tonnes of truss tomatoes per year.[18]

Tourism[edit]

Port Augusta has been able to capitalise on the growing eco-tourism industry due to its proximity to the Flinders Ranges. The Pichi Richi Railway is a major drawcard, connecting Port Augusta to Quorn via the Pichi Richi Pass.

Within Port Augusta is the City of Port Augusta's Wadlata Outback Centre, providing tourists with an introduction to life in the Australian outback. The centre recorded over 500,000 visitors in 2006. North of town, on the Stuart Highway, are the Australian Arid Lands Botanic Garden. The gardens have a cafe/restaurant with views across the saltbush plains to the escarpment of the Flinders Ranges. The PACC annual report shows more than 100,000 people visited the gardens in 2006.

Southwest of town is the El-Alamein army base.

Education[edit]

There are six public primary schools:

There is one secondary school, Port Augusta Secondary School, located on Stirling Road. There is one private school for reception to year 12 students called Caritas College.

Port Augusta also has:

Politics[edit]

State & Federal[edit]

2006 State Election[19]
  Labor 62.3%
  Liberal 30.7%
  Family First 3.0%
  Greens 2.3%
  Democrats 1.3%
  Independent 0.3%
2007 Federal Election[20]
  Labor 53.99%
  Liberal 31.4%
  Family First 4.47%
  Greens 3.86%
  National 3.32%
  Independent 1.69%
  Democrats 1.27%

Port Augusta is part of the state electoral district of Stuart which has been held since 2010 by Liberal MP Dan Van Holst Pellekaan. The seat is held by a margin of 1%. In federal politics, the city is part of the division of Grey, and has been represented by Liberal MP Rowan Ramsey since 2007. Grey is held with a margin of 8.86% and is considered safe-liberal. The results shown are from the largest polling station in Port Augusta — which is located at Port Augusta TAFE college.

Local[edit]

Port Augusta is in the City of Port Augusta local government area.

The City of Port Augusta is believed to have had the longest serving mayor in Australia, Joy Baluch, who died after 30 years of service on 14 May 2013.[21] The council is based at the Port Augusta Civic Centre; prior to 1983, it operated out of the now-disused Port Augusta Town Hall.

Heritage listings[edit]

Port Augusta has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2014-15: Population Estimates by Significant Urban Area, 2005 to 2015". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 30 March 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2016.  Estimated resident population, 30 June 2015.
  2. ^ Australia Post - Postcode: Port Augusta, SA (26 June 2008)
  3. ^ "District of Stuart Background Profile". ELECTORAL COMMISSION SA. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  4. ^ "Federal electoral division of Grey, boundary gazetted 16 December 2011" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  5. ^ Cat. No. 3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2011 Australian Bureau of Statistics. Accessed 10 August 2012.
  6. ^ Boating Industry Association of South Australia (BIA); South Australia. Department for Environment and Heritage (2005), South Australia's waters an atlas & guide, Boating Industry Association of South Australia, p. 209, ISBN 978-1-86254-680-6 
  7. ^ "Port Augusta Structure Plan: A section of the Far North Region Plan" (PDF). Department of Planning and Local Government. 2010. p. 8. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  8. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Port Augusta". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 January 2014.  Edit this at Wikidata
  9. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Port Augusta (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  10. ^ "Attractions". Port Augusta City Council. Retrieved 13 December 2016. 
  11. ^ "Port Augusta Aero". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  12. ^ The Climate Group Greenhouse Indicator Series: Electricity Generation Report 2009
  13. ^ SA's coal era ends, but what's next? InDaily, 9 May 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  14. ^ End of an era: final day of coal-fired power generation in Port Augusta ABC News, 9 May 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  15. ^ Michael Slezak (23 March 2016). "Port Augusta 'busting a gut' to reinvent itself as a solar city when coal-fired power is switched off". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  16. ^ "Solar thermal power plant announced for Port Augusta 'biggest of its kind in the world'". ABC News. 14 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  17. ^ Fairfax Regional Media (24 March 2016). "Solar tower reaches new heights". The Transcontinental. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  18. ^ Staight, Kerry (2 October 2016). "Sundrop Farms pioneering solar-powered greenhouse to grow food without fresh water". Landline. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  19. ^ Port Augusta West Polling Booth, District of Stuart, House of Assembly Division First Preferences, 2006 State Election. Retrieved on 26 June 2008.
  20. ^ Port Augusta East Polling Booth, Division of Grey, House of Representatives Division First Preferences, 2007 Federal Election. Retrieved on 26 June 2008.
  21. ^ Outspoken Port Augusta Mayor Joy Baluch dies after breast cancer battle adelaidenow (News Ltd.) Accessed 17 May 2013.
  22. ^ "Former Port Augusta Waterworks workshop, storeroom, stables and courtyard". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  23. ^ "Beatton Memorial Drinking Fountain, Gladstone Square". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  24. ^ "Gladstone Square Bandstand". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  25. ^ "St Augustine's Anglican Church". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  26. ^ "Curdnatta Art Gallery (former first Port Augusta Railway Station)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  27. ^ "Port Augusta Institute". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  28. ^ "Port Augusta Town Hall". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  29. ^ "Former Port Augusta School of the Air". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  30. ^ "Port Augusta Courthouse". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  31. ^ "Second Port Augusta Railway Station". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  32. ^ "Port Augusta Wharf". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  33. ^ "Seaview House (former Bank of South Australia Port Augusta Branch)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  34. ^ "America's Best, Britain's Finest: A Survey of Mixed Movies" - Google Books, John Howard Reid, pub. Lulu.com, March 2006. ISBN 9781411678774, p.241

External links[edit]