Port Burwell, Nunavut
Port Burwell is a harbour on western Killiniq Island, formed as an arm of Ungava Bay, at the mouth of Hudson Strait. Previously within Labrador, and then the Northwest Territories, it is now situated within the borders of Nunavut, Canada. Cape Chidley is 25 mi (40 km) to the northeast.
A Dominion Government Meteorological Station was established at Port Burwell during an 1884 voyage led by Commander Andrew R. Gordon, R.N., a retired Naval Officer, and assistant director of the Dominion Meteorological Service. Gordon named it in honor of one of the expedition's meteorological observers, Herbert M. Burwell of London, Ontario. Burwell was left in charge of Observing Station No. 1 in the port's harbour on the western side of Gray Strait until it closed in 1886.
Gordon returned to Port Burwell with a Hudson's Bay Company expedition in 1885 on the Alert, and established an HBC trading post within the harbour. In 1904, Moravian missionaries established a mission and trading post at the northwest corner of the harbour. Twelve years later, the HBC moved one of their trading posts to the northeast area of the harbour.
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