Port Coquitlam

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Port Coquitlam
The Corporation of the City of Port Coquitlam
Archbishop Carney Regional Secondary School
Flag of Port Coquitlam
Nickname: 
"PoCo"[1]
Motto: 
"Working Together For The Future"
Location of Port Coquitlam in Metro Vancouver
Location of Port Coquitlam in Metro Vancouver
Port Coquitlam is located in British Columbia
Port Coquitlam
Port Coquitlam
Location of Port Coquitlam in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°15′45″N 122°46′52″W / 49.26250°N 122.78111°W / 49.26250; -122.78111Coordinates: 49°15′45″N 122°46′52″W / 49.26250°N 122.78111°W / 49.26250; -122.78111
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
Regional districtMetro Vancouver
IncorporatedMarch 7, 1913; 109 years ago (March 7, 1913)
Government
 • TypeMayor-council government
 • BodyPort Coquitlam City Council
 • MayorBrad West
 • CouncillorsSteve Darling
Laura Dupont
Darrell Penner
Glenn Pollock
Dean Washington
Nancy McCurrach
 • MPRon McKinnon (Liberal)
 • MLAMike Farnworth (BC NDP)
Area
 • Land29.16 km2 (11.26 sq mi)
Elevation
30 m (100 ft)
Population
 (2021)[3]
 • Total61,498
 • Estimate 
(2021)[4]
63,917
 • Rank93rd in Canada
 • Density2,108.7/km2 (5,462/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Forward sortation area
Area codes604, 778, 236, 672
Websitewww.portcoquitlam.ca Edit this at Wikidata

Port Coquitlam (/kˈkwɪtləm/ koh-KWIT-ləm) is a city in British Columbia, Canada. Located 27 km (17 mi) east of Vancouver, it is on the north bank of the confluence of the Fraser River and the Pitt River. Coquitlam borders it on the north, the Coquitlam River borders it on the west, and the city of Pitt Meadows lies across the Pitt River from it. Port Coquitlam is bisected by Lougheed Highway and the Canadian Pacific Railway. Port Coquitlam is often referred to as "PoCo".[1] It is Canada's 93rd-largest municipality by population.

History[edit]

The area was long inhabited by indigenous peoples, most recently by the historic Coast Salish people, including the Kwikwetl'em. The first European settlers began farming beside the Pitt River in 1859. A major impetus to the creation of a municipality was when the Canadian Pacific Railway moved its freight terminus from Vancouver to "Westminster Junction", building a spur line to the Fraser River port of New Westminster in 1911. Port Coquitlam was first incorporated as a municipality on March 7, 1913.

Port Coquitlam was originally developed mostly as farmland. Given the expansion and increasing density of Vancouver, it has now been developed for suburban housing, especially in the northern and southwestern areas of the city. The economy is diversified, with a variety of industrial and commercial developments, including metal fabrication, high technology industries, and transportation.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Port Coquitlam had a population of 61,498 living in 22,884 of its 23,671 total private dwellings, a change of 4.9% from its 2016 population of 58,612. With a land area of 29.16 km2 (11.26 sq mi), it had a population density of 2,109.0/km2 (5,462.2/sq mi) in 2021.[3]

During the second half of the 1990s, the population grew at a rate of 9.8%, spurred by numerous immigrants. By 2001 they comprised 25% of the population. English was the first language for 76% of the inhabitants. Religions practiced were Catholic 36%, Protestant 32%, Other 14%, and No Religion 18%.

In 2009, Port Coquitlam was rated 85th for its murder rate (for Canadian cities with a population over 50K).[5]

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
19212,148—    
19311,312−38.9%
19411,539+17.3%
19513,232+110.0%
19618,111+151.0%
198127,535+239.5%
199136,773+33.6%
199646,682+26.9%
200151,257+9.8%
200652,687+2.8%
201155,958+6.2%
201658,612+4.7%
202161,498+4.9%
[6][7][8][9][10][3]
Canada 2016 Census[11]
Ethnicity Population % of total population
Ethnic minority group
South Asian 2,790 4.8%
Chinese 6,430 11.1%
African 885 1.5%
Filipino 2,515 4.3%
Latin American 925 1.6%
Arab 330 0.6%
Southeast Asian 575 1%
West Asian 1,415 2.4%
Korean 1,395 2.4%
Japanese 595 1%
Other Ethnic minority 170 0.3%
Mixed visible minority 770 1.3%
Total Ethnic minority population 18,785 32.4%
Aboriginal group
First Nations 1,885 3.3%
Métis 745 1.3%
Inuit 10 0%
Total Aboriginal population 2,530 4.4%
European 36,860 63.7%
Total population 57,895 100%

Languages[edit]

The 2016 census found that English was spoken as mother tongue by 66.31% of the population. The next most common language was Cantonese, spoken by 4.37% of the population, followed by Mandarin at 2.86%.[11]

Mother tongue by population
Rank Mother tongue Population Percentage
1 English 38,665 66.31%
2 Cantonese 2,550 4.37%
3 Mandarin 1,670 2.86%
4 Tagalog 1,315 2.26%
5 Korean 1,310 2.25%
6 Persian 1,235 2.12%
7 Spanish 955 1.64%
8 Punjabi 855 1.47%

Transportation[edit]

Because of its primarily suburban nature, Port Coquitlam relies heavily on its vehicular roads to move people and goods. For example, two of its major arterial roads, Shaughnessy Street and Lougheed Highway bisect Port Coquitlam north to south and east to west, respectively.

TransLink provides a number of bus routes throughout the city. The most used bus routes in this section of the Metro Vancouver Regional District are the 159, which connects southern Port Coquitlam to SkyTrain at Braid station. Other bus routes in the city include the 160, which links Port Coquitlam with Vancouver via Coquitlam Central Station and Moody Centre station, and the 173/174, which runs a loop through the northern half of the city, linking it with regional buses at Coquitlam Central and Port Coquitlam station. Two major stops in the city include Port Coquitlam Centre and Port Coquitlam Station. The remainder of Port Coquitlam is served by a network of Community Shuttles.

Port Coquitlam is the only one of the Tri-Cities to not have SkyTrain. However, this may change in the future with a Millennium Line extension into the downtown area. When the Evergreen Extension was built, the first few metres of track and a track switch to allow for an eventual eastward extension to Port Coquitlam were built at Coquitlam Central station. This would create two branches where trains would alternate between going north to Lafarge Lake–Douglas or east to downtown Port Coquitlam. A feasibility study was conducted, started during early 2020 and running for about six months. Both Mayor Brad West, the Port Coquitlam City Council, and the Coquitlam City Council have voiced support for the extension. However, as of 2022, no funding had been secured nor a formal plan created.[12]

The Lougheed Highway passes through Port Coquitlam, running from Coquitlam in the west to the Pitt River Bridge in the east. Although this highway has made much of Port Coquitlam a very congested area, it is one of the few major arterial highways in the area.

The Mary Hill Bypass, officially known as Highway 7B, runs adjacent to the Fraser River from the Pitt River Bridge on the east to the Port Mann Bridge on the west.

The Canadian Pacific Railway has a major rail yard in the central sector of the city.

In October 2009 the new Pitt River Bridge, a new seven-lane cable-stayed bridge, opened to the public replacing the existing crossing. The previous crossing was made up of 2 swing bridges, which were removed upon completion of the new bridge. The Pitt River Bridge crosses the Pitt River, connecting Port Coquitlam to neighbouring Pitt Meadows.

In March 2010 the Coast Meridian Overpass, a new four-lane cable-stayed bridge, opened to give a new option for traveling north to south over the Canadian Pacific Railway Oxford Street rail yard.

A 25 km (16 mi) hiking and biking trail, known as the Traboulay PoCo Trail, completely surrounds the city.

In August 2018, U-bicycle launched a dockless bicycle sharing system in the city.[13]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Public schools in Port Coquitlam are part of School District 43 Coquitlam and consists of several private schools as well.

Secondary schools:

Middle schools:

Elementary schools:

  • Birchland Elementary
  • Blakeburn Elementary
  • Castle Park Elementary
  • Cedar Drive Elementary
  • Central Elementary
  • Coquitlam River Elementary
  • Glen Elementary (French Immersion)
  • Irvine Elementary (French Immersion)
  • James Park Elementary
  • Hazel Trembath Elementary
  • Kilmer Elementary (French Immersion)
  • Lincoln Elementary (Closed in 2007).[14][15]
  • Mary Hill Elementary (French Immersion)
  • Westwood Elementary

The Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique operates one Francophone primary and secondary school: école des Pionniers-de-Maillardville.[16]

Private schools[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Specific
  • Francis, Daniel, ed. Encyclopedia of British Columbia, Harbour Publishing Ltd, 2000
General
  1. ^ a b "PoCo wants new and old photos for exhibit". Coquitlam Now. LMP Publication Limited Partnership. 2012-10-17. Archived from the original on 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
  2. ^ Cleugh, Janis (20 October 2018). "#POCOvotes2018: It's Mayor West for Port Coquitlam". Tri-City News. Glacier Media. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), British Columbia". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 20, 2022.
  4. ^ Services, Ministry of Citizens'. "Population Estimates - Province of British Columbia". www2.gov.bc.ca. Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  5. ^ Macleans: [1] 14 October 2010
  6. ^ "Corrections and updates". Statistics Canada. March 21, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
  7. ^ Canada, Statistics (2008-03-31). "Canada Year Book (CYB) Historical Collection" (PDF). www66.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  8. ^ Canada, Statistics (2008-03-31). "Canada Year Book (CYB) Historical Collection" (PDF). www66.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  9. ^ Canada, Statistics (2008-03-31). "Canada Year Book (CYB) Historical Collection" (PDF). www66.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  10. ^ "British Columbia (Canada): Province, Major Cities, Towns & District Municipalities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  11. ^ a b "Census Profile, 2016 Census Port Coquitlam, City [Census subdivision]". Statistics Canada. 24 April 2018. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Port Coquitlam to launch feasibility study on Skytrain Extension". Daily Hive. November 28, 2019. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
  13. ^ Lau, Lucy (31 July 2018). "Dockless bike-sharing coming to Port Moody, Port Coquitlam, and Richmond this summer". The Georgia Straight. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  14. ^ "Save Lincoln School".
  15. ^ "Coquitlam School District 43". Archived from the original on 2007-04-27. Retrieved 2007-04-01.
  16. ^ "Carte des écoles." Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique. Retrieved on 22 January 2015.

External links[edit]