Four Mile Beach
|Population||3,205 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Douglas|
Port Douglas is a town in Far North Queensland, Australia, approximately 70 km (40 mi) north of Cairns. Its permanent population was 3,205 at the time of the 2011 census. The town's population can often double, however, with the influx of tourists during the peak tourism season May–September. The town is named in honour of former Premier of Queensland, John Douglas. Port Douglas developed quickly based on the mining industry. Other parts of the area were established with timber cutting occurring in the area surrounding the Daintree River and with settlement starting to occur on lots around the Mossman River by 1880.
Port Douglas was No. 3 on Australian Traveller magazine's list of 100 Best Towns In Australia.
The town is within the Federal electorate of Leichhardt, and within the State electorate of Cook. At local level, It is within the local government area of Shire of Douglas (between 2008 and 2013, it was within the Cairns Region).
The Port Douglas township was established in 1877 after the discovery of gold at Hodgkinson River by James Venture Mulligan. Port Douglas Post Office opened on 1 September 1877. It grew quickly, and at its peak Port Douglas had a population of 12,000 and 27 hotels. With the construction of the Mulligan Highway it serviced towns as far away as Herberton.
When the Kuranda Railway from Cairns to Kuranda was completed in 1891, the importance of Port Douglas dwindled along with its population. A cyclone in 1911 which demolished all but two buildings in the town also had a significant impact. At its nadir in 1960 the town, by then little more than a fishing village, had a population of 100.
The Port Douglas War Memorial was unveiled on 10 February 1923 by Mrs Tresize.
Port Douglas has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Macrossan Street: FDA Carstens Memorial
- Wharf Street: St Mary's by the Sea
- 6 Dixie Street: Port Douglas Wharf and Storage Shed (former)
- 25 Wharf Street: Port Douglas Court House Museum
Significant events, visitors and residents
In November 1996 United States President Bill Clinton and First Lady Hillary Clinton chose the town as their only holiday stop on their historic visit to Australia. When dining at a local restaurant they witnessed a couple's wedding certificate. On a return visit on 11 September 2001, the then ex-President was again dining at the Salsa Bar and Grill, a local restaurant, when he was advised of the 11 September attacks. He returned to the United States the following day.
On 4 September 2006, entertainer a.k.a. "Crocodile Hunter" Steve Irwin died at Batt Reef, off Port Douglas, after a stingray barb went through his chest into his heart while Irwin and his crew were filming a documentary called The Ocean's Deadliest. Irwin was filmed snorkelling directly above the stingray when it lashed him with its tail, embedding its toxic barb. Irwin died almost immediately. This event was widely reported both in Australia and overseas.
Every year Port Douglas attracts tourist and locals alike to two significant festival periods.
The Port Douglas Carnivale is held during the end of May and runs for 10 days over two weekends beginning with the Macrossan Street Parade attracting over 10,000 people.
The second festival period is held through October and November with The Sunset in the Park Music Festival and Porttoberfest North Queensland's very own Beer Festival are held on the middle and last weekends of October.
The first weekend in November Port Douglas turns into an athletes' village to host the Canegrowers Great Barrier Reef Marathon Festival. Steve Moneghetti is the event ambassador and competitors get the chance to race against the Marathon Olympian in the Steve Moneghetti Marathon.
In 2012, Port Douglas was the pole position for a Total Solar Eclipse. This phenomenon took place at 6:38 am on 14 November 2012. The total eclipse was visible from approximately Innisfail in the south to Cedar Bay National Park in the North. Port Douglas was right in its path. Thousands travelled to Port Douglas to see the event.
Port Douglas has a tropical monsoon climate according to Köppen climate classification (Am), with hot summers and warm winters, with heavy rainfall primarily occurring from January–March, the wettest month of the year typically being February.
|Climate data for Port Douglas, Queensland|
|Average high °C (°F)||30.3
|Average low °C (°F)||23.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||401.6
|Average precipitation days||15.5||15.9||16.1||13.3||9.8||7.0||5.5||5.2||5.4||6.4||9.0||11.7||120.8|
|Source: Bureau of Meteorology |
Kitesurfing is popular at the southern end of Four Mile Beach, particularly during the winter months when trade winds blow from the South.
Port Douglas is near the Great Barrier Reef. Numerous companies run daily trips from the marina to the outer reef and the Low Isles for scuba diving and snorkelling. Port Douglas is also well known for its many restaurants, walks, golf courses, and five star resorts.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Port Douglas". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- "100 Best Towns in Australia". http://www.australiantraveller.com/100-best-towns-in-australia/ Retrieved 21 July 2013
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Port Douglas War Memorial". Monument Australia. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "FDA Carstens Memorial (entry 601053)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "St Mary's by the Sea (entry 600464)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Port Douglas Wharf and Storage Shed (former) (entry 600466)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Port Douglas Court House Museum (entry 600465)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- KING, LARRY (3 September 2002). "Interview With Bill Clinton, Bob Dole, Andrew McKelvey, Dan Rather". http://www.cnn.com. Retrieved 15 November 2010. External link in
- Jason Staines Crocodile man, Steve Irwin, dies, The Age, 4 September 2006
- Death footage 'will never see the light of day', The Age, 7 September 2006
- Cotton, Martine. "Port Douglas Carnivale". Port Douglas Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 15 November 2010.
- Cullen, Sam. "CANEGROWERS Great Barrier Reef Marathon Festival". Port Douglas Event Management. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "Climate Statistics for Port Douglas, Queensland". 17 February 2012.
Media related to Port Douglas at Wikimedia Commons
- Port Douglas Visitors Guide
- Port Douglas Webcam
- Tourism Port Douglas & Daintree
- University of Queensland: Queensland Places:Port Douglas